Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Under the Waters of Mexico

Bush Romero, Pablo, Under the Waters of Mexico, New York: Carlton Press Inc., 1964.

Chapter 2 available online.

From the Cover:
An account of Pablo Bush Romero's life reads much like a Baedeker of adventure, for the author has led an active and varied life dominated by his great love of the outdoors. Photographer, big game hunter, lecturer, explorer, sportsman, writer, businessman-all these apply to him, and one more: humanitarian. For Mr. Romero is a member of many civic and historical associations, and has received various awards from such organizations as the Boy Scouts of America, the Tennessee Archaeological Society, and the National Geographic Society.

Studies in Human Ecology

Palerm, Angel, Eric R. Wolf, Waldo R. Wedel, Betty J. Meggers, Jacques M. May, Lawrence Krader, Studies in Human Ecology; a series of lectures given at the Anthropological Society of Washington, Washington D.C.: Pan American Union, 1957.

Ecological potential and cultural development in Mesosamerica, by Angel Palerm and Eric R. Wolf.

The Central North American grassland: man-made or ntural?, by Waldo R. Wedel.

Environment and culture in the Amazon Basin, an appraisal of the theory of environmental determinism, by Betty J. Meggers.

The ecology of human disease, by Jacques M. May.

Culture and environment in Interior Asia, by Lawrence Krader.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Peregrinaje por el País de la Libertad Racional, 1783-1784

De Miranda, Francisco, Peregrinaje por el país de la libertad racional, 1783-1784: diario de viajes a través de los Estados Unidos, Caracas: Oficina Central de Información, Dirección de Publicaciones, 1976.(parcialmente destruido por comején)

De las paginas introductorias:
Aparece esta obra en cumplimiento del Decreto Ejecutivo No. 1,613, de fecha 8 de Junio de 1976, por el cual Venezuela se asocia al júbilo de los Estados Unidos con ocasión del Bicentenario de su Independencia. Sobre los documentos del glorioso Precursor Francisco de Miranda – quien viajo por la república norteña recién constituida en los años 1783 y 1784 - , ha realizado un trabajo altamente meritorio la acreditada mirandista Josefina Rodríguez de Alonso, Consejera de nuestra Embajada en Paris. La entusiasta acuciosidad y la competencia de la galardonada escritora y académica, nos permite disfrutar de este admirable e histórico compendio de observaciones que sobre la entonces naciente federación del Norte nos dejó el sagaz hijo de Caracas, adelantando en la causa de la unidad latinoamericana.
Su interés por conocer en detalle el proceso de la revolución americana, se encuentra sintetizado en esta frase de John Adams, segundo presidente norteamericano: “Era opinión general en Estados Unidos que Miranda sabia más de cada campaña, sitio, batalla o escaramuza que había tenido lugar durante la guerra que cualquier oficial de nuestro ejército o miembro de nuestro Congreso”.

During his time in the United States, Miranda made a critical study of its military defenses, which demonstrated extensive knowledge of the development of American conflict and circumstances. While there, Miranda prepared and fixed a correspondence technique, used for the rest of his journey: he would meet people through the gift or loan of books, and examine the culture and customs of the places through which he passed in a methodical way[4]. Passing through Charleston, Philadelphia, and Boston, he dealt with different characters in American society. In New York City he met the prominent and politically connected Livingston family. Apparently Miranda had a romantic relationship with Susan Livingston, daughter of Chancellor Livingston. Although Miranda wrote to her for years, he never saw her again after leaving New York. During his time in the United States, Miranda met with many important people. He was personally acquainted with George Washington in Philadelphia. He also met General Henry Knox[4], Thomas Paine, Alexander Hamilton[4], Samuel Adams, and Thomas Jefferson. He also visited various institutions of the new nation that impressed him such as the Library of Newport and Princeton College, Rhode Island College and Cambridge College.

Un Hombre Llamado Rómulo Betancourt: Apreciaciones Críticas Sobre su Vida y su Obra

Betancourt, Rómulo, Un hombre llamado Rómulo Betancourt: apreciaciones críticas sobre su vida y su obra, Caracas: Catalá/Centauro/Editores, 1975. (afectado por comején)

De la Nota del Editor:
La primera parte de este libro contiene casi íntegramente los textos de nuestra edición de 1948 – Ediciones Caribe – con el título de Rómulo Betancourt, Semblanza de un Político Popular, y de la reimpresión ampliada que hiciera la Editorial SUMA en 1958, bajo el título de Rómulo Betancourt, Interpretación de su Doctrina Popular y Democrática. La segunda parte incluye todos los materiales de nuestra edición de 1971 – Ediciones Centauro – con el título de El General Betancourt y Otros Escritos. Al final se agregan textos de épocas distintas, también producidos por figuras de significación en los campos de la política y las letras de Venezuela y otros países.

Social Science Trends in Latin America

Davis, Harold, Social Science Trends in Latin America, Washington DC: American University Press, 1950.

Reviewed in Foreign Affairs.

Obituary of the author in The New York Times.

About the author (from the book):
Formerly Dean of Hiram College, Professor Harold E. Davis is now Chairman of the Division of Social Studies and Director of Inter-American Studies at The American University. Through extensive travel in Latin America and through his work as Director of the Division of Education and Teacher Aids of the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs he has been in close contact with Latin American scholars for many years.

Saturday, June 24, 2017

The Making of the Good Neighbor Policy

Wood, Bryce, The Making of the Good Neighbor Policy, New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1967.

Reviewed in Pacific Historical Review © 1962.

Reviewed in The Journal of Conflict Resolution © 1962.

From the Preface:
This book attempts to delineate the rationale of the Good Neighbor policy. It came to be written out of an interest in the nature and limits of enduring, pacific, political relationships between the United States, as a great power, and the Latin American countries, as lesser powers, in the period from 1926 to 1943. The chief problems with which it deals are those of the origins and consequences of the formal and unreserved abandonment of the use of force by the United States in its relations with Latin American countries. These relations did not develop haphazardly after 1926; they were guided at first by impulses and later by political ideas that began to take the shape of principles with the sharpening of appreciation of the nature of this interstate society from which coercion was banned.


Lieuwen, Edwin, Venezuela, 2nd Edition, London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Reviewed in The Americas.

From the Preface:
I lived in Caracas in 1950 and 1951, during which time I had an opportunity to visit all twenty states, all the major cities, and every oilfield and refinery. One by-product of this sojourn was my book Petroleum in Venezuela, published by the University of California Press in 1954. I visited Venezuela again during 1956. Over the past decade I have had good opportunities to follow closely the extraordinarily rapid political, social, and economic changes that have characterized Venezuela's recent history, either from my United States government posts dealing with Latin American affairs (1952-3, 1955-7) or from my academic employment as Professor of Modern Latin American History (1953-5, and 1957 to the present time). I also keep up a steady correspondence with my many good Venezuelan friends.

Edwin Lieuwen (February 8, 1923 – May 25, 1988) was an American historian, professor, and author. His area of expertise was focused on Latin America. His work was a major precursor to the establishing of the Latin American Institute.

Sunday, June 18, 2017

The Sociology of Slavery: An Analysis of the Origins, Development, and Structure of Negro Slave Society in Jamaica

Patterson, Orlando, The Sociology of Slavery: An Analysis of the Origins, Development, and Structure of Negro Slave Society in Jamaica, Jamaica: Sangsters Book Stores Ltd., 1973.

Reviewed in Social and Economic Studies © 1968.

Reviewed in Caribbean Studies © 1969.

Orlando Patterson is a Jamaican-born American historical and cultural sociologist known for his work regarding issues of race in the United States, as well as the sociology of development. His book Freedom, Volume One, or Freedom in the Making of Western Culture (1991), won the U.S. National Book Award for Nonfiction.

Cartas a un Ciudadano

Figueres Ferrer, José, Cartas a un Ciudadano, Costa Rica: Imprenta Nacional, 1956.

Disponible en línea .

José María Hipólito Figueres Ferrer served as President of Costa Rica on three occasions: 1948–1949, 1953–1958 and 1970–1974. During his first term in office he abolished the country's army, nationalized its banking sector, and granted women and blacks the right to vote. He was a good friend of the Governor of Puerto Rico, Luis Muñoz Marín, praising his political achievements in one of his essays.

Monday, June 5, 2017

El Movimiento Obrero Latinoamericano

Poblete Troncoso, Moisés, El movimiento obrero latinoamericano, México: Fondo de cultura económica, 1946.(estado deteriorado)

Moisés POBLETE TRONCOSO, Chilean lawyer; Moisés was born on November 15, 1893 in Chillán, Chile; member and representative in Chile, International Labor Office, since 1927; Member Comisión Chilena de Cooperación Intelectual, Institut dc Sociologic (Geneva), American Institute of International Law, Academy, of Polit. Science, American Academy, of Political and Social Science, Unión para la Victoria (president); member Institute del Trabajo in Santa Fé and Córdoba (Argentina), Sito Paulo (Brazil).

Padre de Sergio Poblete Garcés .

El Camino de El Dorado

Úslar Pietri, Arturo, El Camino de El Dorado, Buenos Aires: Editorial Losada, S.A., 1947. (en estado deteriorado)

Disponible en línea, (PDF).

Arturo Uslar Pietri (16 May 1906 in Caracas – 26 February 2001) was a Venezuelan intellectual, lawyer, journalist, writer, television producer and politician. (...) Uslar led a remarkably fruitful life, influential in Venezuelan politics, historical analysis and literature, and as an educator. His period of activity spanned the last years of Venezuelan Caudillismo, the transition to democracy and most of the democratic era of 1958 - 1999. He held posts such as Secretary for the Venezuelan Delegation at the League of Nations, delegate at the International Labour Organization, minister of education, minister of finance, contributor to the Act of Constitution of the New Democratic Government (1958), ambassador to the United States of America, professor of Latin American literature at Columbia University, professor of political economics at the Central University of Venezuela, chief editor of a main newspaper, candidate for the Presidency and member of the Royal Spanish Academy.

Arturo Uslar Pietri OL (Caracas, 16 de mayo de 1906-ibídem, 26 de febrero de 2001), fue un polímata: abogado, periodista, escritor, productor de televisión y político venezolano. En su país ha sido considerado como uno de los intelectuales más importantes del siglo XX.

Sunday, June 4, 2017

Christian Democracy in Venezuela

Herman, Donald L., Christian Democracy in Venezuela, Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1980.

Reviewed in Journal of Latin American Studies © 1981 .

Reviewed in The American Historical Review © 1981 .

See also Ideology, Economic Power and Regional Imperialism: The Determinants of Foreign Policy under Venezuela's Christian Democrats, by Donald L. Herman.

From the cover:
The Christian Democrats and Accion Democratica have retained, and even increased, their political importance in the 1970s. Christian Democracy in Venezuela explains the processes of AD-COPEI opposition and accommodation which have insured a third decade of democracy for this resource-laden and politically important Latin American nation.

The British in the Caribbean

Hamshere, Cyril, The British in the Caribbean, Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Reviewed in The William and Mary Quarterly © 1974.

Reviewed in The Journal of American History.

Reviewed in Journal of Latin American Studies.

Reviewed in The American Historical Review.

From AbeBooks:
English exploration & colonization of the region, from Drake & Hawkins, colonies in Guyana, Barbados, Caribees; planters & slavers; to nineteenth century emancipations.

Interesting notes from: Nettelbeck, David, A history of Arusha School, Tanzania, 1974:
From 1946 to 1963 under the second major Headmaster (Cyril) Hamshere and a stable senior staff, the school expanded and became an efficient and somewhat impersonal yet vital and living community. (…) In 1961 the country gained its independence, followed in January 1962 by the abolition of separate European, Indian and African education departments. This history is brought to a conclusion in 1969, 7 years after the integrated system of education became effective. During these years, the school returned to semi-Diocesan control under a Board of Governors and became an "international community" feeling its way very hesitantly to a place within independent Tanzania. In 1969, the post-independence Headmaster Bryn Jones left, the last of the British indent staff arrived, and the first of many missionary recruited teachers was employed on terms similar to those of 1934. (…) The first Government appointee as Headmaster was Cyril Hamshere (M.A. Cantab) who was born in East Africa and whose father Archdeacon J.E. Hamshere had been Principal of the Diocesan Training College for pastors and teachers up to his retirement in 1928, when Wynn Jones took over from him. The missionaries who withdrew in 1946 from the staff hoped that through Hamshere, a personal if no longer official link between the Diocese and Government would be retained. (…) Those who worked with him describe Hamshere as an efficient, rather impersonal man who was dominating and demanding with his staff. His nick name was "Old Pomposity" and one of his common greetings was, “I am Mr. Hamshere. I am the Headmaster”. An amusing sidelight on his personality was the bell system he had connected to his study door. When a visitor knocked, a one bell-ring reply meant come in, two rings wait, and three rings go away! (…) For all his strength and gifts, Hamshere was not an educational innovator. Many exciting things went on outside the classroom, but apart from local studies in the social studies curriculum of the lower grades, the impression is of rather formal, academic classroom instruction, with outdated and dull text books, though this may have been typical of his time.

What Happened in Cuba: A Documentary History

Smith, Robert F., What Happened in Cuba: A Documentary History, New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1963.

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1962.

From the cover:
The object of this fascinating collection of source material is to expose the broad spectrum of United States-Cuban relations by offering pertinent historical documents from the areas of economic, ideological, military, and political interaction. Although this volume is concerned mainly with Cuba, the documents included also give a clear perspective on relations between the United States and the rest of the Latin American area, for United States involvements with the rest of Latin America and with various European nations have influenced United States-Cuban relations.

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

A Strategy for Research on Social Policy (Volume 1 of The Politics of Change in Venezuela)

Bonilla, Frank & J. A. Silva-Michelena, A Strategy for Research on Social Policy (Volume 1 of The Politics of Change in Venezuela), Cambridge, MA.: M.I.T. Press, 1967.

Reviewed in Political Science Quarterly © 1971.

Reviewed in Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs © 1970.

Reviewed in American Journal of Sociology 79, no. 1.

Professor Frank Bonilla (February 3, 1925 – December 28, 2010) was an American academic of Puerto Rican descent who became a leading figure in Puerto Rican Studies. After earning his doctorate from Harvard University, where his dissertation was supervised by Talcott Parsons, he had held faculty positions at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University and the City University of New York. He is a key figure in the establishment of the Puerto Rican Hispanic Leadership Forum and the Center for Puerto Rico Studies at the City University of New York.[1].

Electoral Mobilization and Public Opinion: The Venezuelan Campaign of 1973

Martz, John D., & Enrique A. Baloyra, Electoral Mobilization and Public Opinion: The Venezuelan Campaign of 1973, Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1976.

Reviewed in The Americas © 1979.

See also Enrique A. Baloyra: A Remembrance.

From the cover:
This study attempts to measure the impact of the electoral campaign of 1973 on voting behavior. It is divided into three parts: part 1 describes the political environment and the parties, the elections and patterns of campaigning; part 2 discusses the selection of candidates, issues, and campaign organization, strategies and tactics; and part 3 analyzes the various campaign styles and the results of the election. It concludes that the outcome of an election is indeed affected by the nature of a political campaign.

John D. Martz is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at Pennsylvania State University. The author of numerous works on Latin American politics, he has been editor of Studies in Comparative International Development since 1988, and before that editor of the Latin American Research Review.

Monday, May 15, 2017

Obras Completas: Silabario de la Decoración Americana

Rojas, Ricardo, Obras completas: Silabario de la decoración americana, Buenos Aires: Editorial Losada, 1953.(fragil: parcialmente destruido por termitas)

Ricardo Rojas (San Miguel de Tucumán, 16 de septiembre de 1882 – Buenos Aires, 29 de julio de 1957) fue un poeta, dramaturgo, orador, político e historiador argentino. Aunque tucumano por su lugar de nacimiento, por su linaje materno y por parte de su crianza en su niñez y juventud; por linaje paterno provenía de una de las familias más influyentes de Santiago del Estero, donde su padre fue gobernador de la provincia homónima.

De Silabario Revista de Estudios y Ensayos Geoculturales. ISSN 1514-4100:
En 1930, Ricardo Rojas editó un libro de destino azaroso: Silabario de la decoración americana.[1] La elección del título apuntaba a un programa de lectura cuya praxis debía desplazarse entre los términos enseñanza/aprendizaje como campo de experimentación de una estética, una moral y un método de investigación. Mi obra es apenas una incitación para empezar a descifrar estéticamente los signos del arte americano.[2]

Fundación Ricardo Rojas.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Por la Democracia Universitaria

Mendoza Angulo, José, Por la democracia universitaria, Mérida: Universidad de los Andes, 1970.

Desde el inicio:
Este trabajo ya estaba en prensa cuando se comenzó a discutirse en el Congreso Nacional la reforma parcial a la Ley de Universidades dictada en el año 1958. En muchas páginas hacemos referencias y enfrentamos directamente la concepción y el contenido antiuniversitarios del proyecto de reforma, desde nuestra posición de universitarios comprometidos con los intereses de la juventud y el pueblo venezolanos.

Frontera, Junio 26, 2016:
José Mendoza Angulo: En el ámbito Docente tuvo a su cargo la cátedra de Historia de Venezuela y Geografía Económica de Venezuela en el Liceo Libertador de Mérida, en el campo universitario ejerció las cátedras de Economía Política en Derecho y Humanidades e Historia del Análisis Económico y de Economía del Trabajo en la Facultad de Economía de la Universidad de los Andes y culminó su actividad universitaria desempeñándose gremialmente como Presidente de la Asociación de Profesores Universitarios (APULA); finalizando como Rector de nuestra Universidad emeritense.

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Comercio Terrestre de y entre las Provincias de Centroamérica - Tomo I

Rubio Sánchez, Manuel, Comercio terrestre de y entre las provincias de Centroamérica, Tomo I, Guatemala: Editorial del Ejercito, 1973.

De la “Advertencia”:
El presente trabajo resume las investigaciones realizadas por el autor en el Archivo General de Centroamérica, en bibliotecas nacionales y particulares, así como en otras fuentes que, no siendo propiamente históricas, contienen valiosos datos acerca de la actividad comercial entre las provincias de la Real Audiencia del Reino de Guatemala y que, territorialmente, corresponden a lo que actualmente se denomina Centroamérica.

Reconquest of Mexico: An Amiable Journey in Pursuit of Cortes

Bruccoli, Matthew J., Reconquest of Mexico: An Amiable Journey in Pursuit of Cortes, New York: The Vanguard Press, 1974.

Reviewed in Kirkus.

Matthew Joseph Bruccoli (August 21, 1931 – June 4, 2008)[1][2] was an American professor of English at the University of South Carolina. He was the preeminent expert on F. Scott Fitzgerald. He also wrote about writers such as Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe and John O'Hara, and was editor of the Dictionary of Literary Biography.

Sunday, April 30, 2017

Venezuela, Política y Petróleo

Betancourt, Rómulo, Venezuela, política y petróleo, México, DF: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1956.

Reseñada en: Social Research © 1958.

Prodavinci | 22 de abril, 2014: La primera edición de este libro se publicó en 1956, por la Editorial Fondo de Cultura Económica, de México. El autor estaba entonces en el exilio. Venezuela, política y petróleo era de prohibida circulación en Venezuela y solo escasos ejemplares pudieron evadir la barrera policial que impedía su acceso al país.

Ver además blog de Rómulo Betancourt Bello.

Rómulo Ernesto Betancourt Bello (22 February 1908 – 28 September 1981); known as "The Father of Venezuelan Democracy", was President of Venezuela from 1945 to 1948 and again from 1959 to 1964, as well as leader of Acción Democrática, Venezuela's dominant political party in the 20th century. Betancourt, one of Venezuela's most important political figures, led a tumultuous and highly controversial career in Latin American politics. Periods of exile brought Betancourt in contact with various Latin American countries as well as the United States, securing his legacy as one of the most prominent international leaders to emerge from 20th-century Latin America. Scholars credit Betancourt as the Founding Father of modern democratic Venezuela.

Memoria del Primer Congreso Nacional de Sociología (Asociación Colombiana de Sociología)

Fals Borda, Orlando, (presidente), Memoria del Primer Congreso Nacional de Sociología, Madrid: Asociación Colombiana de Sociología, 1963.

Parcialmente disponible aquí, (PDF).

Orlando Fals Borda (Barranquilla, 11 de julio de 1925 - Bogotá, 12 de agosto de 2008) fue un Investigador y sociólogo colombiano. (...) El recorrido fundamental de la obra de Fals Borda está dado en la conjunción de la indagación sociológica con el compromiso político en beneficio de los "sectores populares" (campesinos y proletariado agrícola en lo fundamental), en cuya "praxis" postula la "investigación-acción participativa". Su obra es consultada en todas partes, al considerarse que activa innovaciones metodológicas en la práctica sociológica.

Thursday, April 27, 2017

The Ejido: Mexico's Way Out

Simpson, Eyler N., The Ejido: Mexico's Way Out, Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1937.

Reviewed in The Catholic Historical Review © 1939.

Reviewed in Journal of Farm Economics © 1937.

Reviewed in American Journal of Sociology, Volume 43, Number 3 | Nov., 1937.

Reseñada en la Revista de Historia de América © 1938.

Ejido: In (the) Mexican system of government, an ejido… is an area of communal land used for agriculture, on which community members individually farm designated parcels and collectively maintain communal holdings. Ejidos are registered with Mexico's National Agrarian Registry (Registro Agrario Nacional). The system of ejidos was based on an understanding of the Aztec calpulli and the medieval Spanish ejido.

Manual de Historia Universal, Tomo VI, Historia de América

Morales Padrón, Francisco, Manual de historia universal, Tomo VI, Historia de América, Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1962.

Tomos V & VI reseñados, (PDF).

Traducido desde Wikipedia:
Francisco Morales Padrón was a renown Spanish historian, who specialized in the discovery of America at the University of Seville... He completed his studies at the University of La Laguna, then specialized in History of America at the Hispalense. Among his most renowned works are "Jamaica Española" (1952), "Canary-American trade (XVI, XVII, XVIII)" (1995), "History of the Conquest of America" (1973), and “Seville, The Canaries and America" (1970), or "Sevilla insólita" (1972), edited up to seven times and the most sold copy of the Publications Service of the University of Seville.

Monday, March 20, 2017

All the Peoples of the World Are Men: The Disputation between Bartolomé de Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda in 1550 on the Intellectual and Religious Capacity of the American Indians

Hanke, Lewis, All the Peoples of the World Are Men: The Disputation between Bartolomé de Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda in 1550 on the Intellectual and Religious Capacity of the American Indians, Minneapolis: The James Ford Bell Lectures, Number 8, 1970.

Reviewed in The Journal of Modern History © 1978.

The Valladolid debate (1550–1551) was the first moral debate in European history to discuss the rights and treatment of a colonized people by colonizers. Held in the Colegio de San Gregorio, in the Spanish city of Valladolid, it was a moral and theological debate about the colonization of the Americas, its justification for the conversion to Catholicism and more specifically about the relations between the European settlers and the natives of the New World. It consisted of a number of opposing views about the way natives were to be integrated into colonial life, their conversion to Christianity and their rights and obligations. A controversial theologian, Dominican friar and Bishop of Chiapas Bartolomé de las Casas, argued that the Amerindians were free men in the natural order despite their practice of human sacrifices and other such customs, deserving the same consideration as the colonizers.[1] Opposing this view were a number of scholars and priests including humanist scholar Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, who argued that the human sacrifice of innocents, cannibalism, and other such "crimes against nature" were unacceptable and should be suppressed by any means possible including war.[2]

Bernal Diaz del Castillo: The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico, 1517-1521

Ross, E. Denison & Eileen Power, Editors, Bernal Diaz del Castillo: The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico, 1517-1521, London: George Routledge & Sons, Ltd., 1928.

Previewed online HERE.

Versions available online HERE and HERE.

A review in Foreign Affairs.

Bernal Díaz del Castillo (1492 to 1496, birth date is uncertain – 1584)[1] was a Spanish conquistador, who did not hold a leadership position in the conquest of Mexico, but participated as a soldier of fortune with Hernán Cortés. As an experienced soldier of fortune, he had already participated in expeditions to Tierra Firme, Cuba, and to Yucatán before joining Cortés. In his later years he was an encomendero and governor in Guatemala where he wrote his memoirs called "The True History of the Conquest of New Spain". He began his account of the conquest almost thirty years after the events and later revised and expanded it in response to the biography published by Cortes's chaplain Francisco López de Gómara, which he considered to be largely inaccurate in that it did not give due recognition to the efforts and sacrifices of others in the Spanish expedition.

About one of the Editors:
Eileen Edna LePoer Power (9 January 1889 – 8 August 1940) was a British economic historian and medievalist.
Power was Director of Studies in History at Girton College (1913–21), Lecturer in Political Science at the London School of Economics (1921–24), and Reader of the University of London (1924–31). In 1931 she became Professor of Economic History at the London School of Economics (LSE), where she remained until 1938 when she became Professor of Economic History at Cambridge University. Her most famous book, Medieval People, was published in 1924. In 1927 Power founded the Economic History Review.

Betancourt y Leoní en la Guayana Esequiba

Sureda Delgado, Rafael, Betancourt y Leoní en la Guayana Esequiba, Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1984.

De la “Declaración” del autor:
El presente trabajo tiene por finalidad, ampliar la investigación que iniciara a finales de 1966, año en que se firmó el Tratado denominado “Acuerdo de Ginebra”, mediante el cual Venezuela y Gran Bretaña establecían una serie de instancias para buscar la solución “practica” a la reclamación venezolana de los 159.500 km2 que conforman territorialmente nuestra Guayana Esequiba.

Sunday, March 19, 2017

Historia de la Villa Imperial de Potosí

De Martínez Arzanz y Vela, Nicolás, Historia de la Villa Imperial de Potosí, Buenos Aires: Emecé Editores, S.A., 1943.

Extracto de una nota al calce en las páginas 5-6 de Hacia una historia crítica de la literatura en Bolivia:
La edición de Gustavo Adolfo Otero (1943) utiliza el nombre de Nicolás de Martínez Arzanz y Vela. Sin embargo, dos investigadores, Mario Chacón y Gunnar Mendoza, coinciden en que hasta que no se halle el certificado de bautismo u otro documento relevante, lo más razonable es usar el nombre que usamos aquí: Bartolomé Arzáns de Orsúa y Vela (Ver Mendoza y Hanke 1965: xxxiii-xxxiv).

Bartolomé Arzáns de Orsúa y Vela ( Villa Imperial de Potosí, Perú, 5 de noviembre de 1674 - 25 de enero de 1736), fue un cronista potosino autor de un monumental trabajo literario e historiográfico que, bajo el título de Historia de la Villa Imperial de Potosí, le convierte en uno de los cronistas más lúcidos y amenos de la literatura virreinal1 y considerado como fuente indispensable para los estudiosos del Alto Perú2 .
Alrededor de 1705 comenzó a escribir la Historia de la Villa Imperial de Potosí, obra que se vio interrumpida por su muerte y que fue continuada por su hijo, Diego, quien "agregó ocho capítulos más de inferior calidad y llenos de hechos esperpénticos".3 Recuperada a principios del siglo XX, la Universidad de Brown sacó en 1965 una edición en tres tomos.
El hijo de Arzáns, que guardaba los originales, se vio obligado a empeñarlos a un eclesiástico, que los conservó durante 20 años; "una copia del manuscrito llegó hasta la biblioteca del Rey de España y otra fue comprada en 1877 para ser publicada en Europa. Posiblemente sea esta copia la que adquirió en París en 1905 el ingeniero norteamericano coronel George E. Church, quien a su muerte la obsequió con todos sus papeles a la Brown University en Providence, Rhode Island, donde había nacido".3 Antes que los tres tomos fueran publicados por la universidad estadounidense, en Buenos Aires aparecieron en 1943 los 50 primeros capítulos de esta monumental obra.

El Indoamericanismo y el Problema Racial en las Américas

Lipschutz, Dr. Alejandro, El Indoamericanismo y el problema Racial en las Américas, Segunda Edición, Santiago: Editorial Nascimento, 1944. (frágil)

Reseñada en The Americas V. 4 # 2.

Reseñada en Nature 156.

Ver además El problema racial en la conquista de América.

Alejandro Lipschutz Friedman (Riga, Letonia, 1883 - Santiago, 10 de enero de 1980)1 fue un científico, médico, académico y filósofo chileno de origen judío-letón. Realizó estudios en el área de la Fisiología, la Endocrinología sexual y, como antropólogo, en el del indigenismo biológico y cultural de América. En 1969 fue el primero a quien se le otorgó el Premio Nacional de Ciencias de Chile.

Slavery as an Industrial System: Ethnological Researches

Nieboer, Herman Jeremias, Slavery as an Industrial System: Ethnological Researches, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1910.

Available online HERE, (1910), and HERE, (1900).

It is now more than half a century since the publication, in 1900, of the comprehensive study on slavery by the ethnologist H. J. Nieboer.1 Rejecting the then current theories, according to which the institution of slavery arose, of necessity, at a given stage of social evolution, Nieboer attempted to explain the phenomenon in functional terms.2 In order to establish the factors determining the occurrence of slavery Nieboer based his research on data relating to 391 tribal societies listed in tables compiled by S. R. Steinmetz.3.

Batlle, Héroe Civil

Zavala Muñiz, Justino, Batlle, Héroe Civil, México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1945.

José Pablo Torcuato Batlle Ordóñez (Montevideo, 21 de mayo de 1856 - 20 de octubre de 1929), fue un político y periodista de Uruguay. Presidente de la República por dos períodos: 1903 - 1907 y 1911 - 1915.
Llevó a cabo reformas económicas y sociales que permitieron a Uruguay transformarse en uno de los países más estables política y económicamente de América latina. Impulsó la constitución de 1917, cuya principal característica era la de establecer un ejecutivo colegiado. Debido a la derrota electoral de 1916 y luego de negociaciones con sus oponentes políticos, el proyecto original derivó en un Poder Ejecutivo bicéfalo, formado por la Presidencia de la República y el Consejo Nacional de Administración. Si bien fue presidente sólo durante 3 años, se lo considera la figura más gravitante e influyente en la política de su país desde su primera presidencia hasta su muerte, período que abarca más de 25 años.

Sunday, March 12, 2017

A Brief Sketch of British Honduras

Anderson, A.H., A Brief Sketch of British Honduras, British Honduras, n.p., 1954.

About the author (pdf):
Hamilton was born on November 30, 1901, in Melbourne, Australia, to Scottish Presbyterian missionary parents. Though life led him through many lands, he was always a Scot and proud of it, and he often found that his heritage served him well in the tasks to which he dedicated himself. After a brief period in Australia, the Anderson family moved to a new post in Kenya, where much of Hamilton's early schooling was completed in Nairobi.
Hamilton went out to British Honduras in 1927 for a brief stay, or so he thought; after his father's death, his sojourn lengthened to 40 years, and British Honduras virtually became his home, though the ties with the British Isles were never severed.

What is Socialism?

Hart, Richard, What is Socialism?, Kingston: Socialist Party of Jamaica, December 1962.

Richard Hart (13 August 1917 – 21 December 2013) was a Jamaican historian, solicitor and politician. He was a founding member of the People's National Party (PNP) and one of the pioneers of Marxism in Jamaica.[1] He played an important role in Jamaican politics in the years leading up to Independence in 1958.[2][3][4][5] He subsequently was based in Guyana for two years, before relocating to London in 1965, working as a solicitor and co-founding the campaigning organisation Caribbean Labour Solidarity. He went on to serve as attorney-general in Grenada under the People's Revolutionary Government in 1983. He spent the latter years of his life in the UK, where he died in Bristol.

Saturday, March 11, 2017

U.S. Intervention in Guyana

Jagan, Cheddi, U.S. Intervention in Guyana, {pamphlet}, n.p.; 196?.(very fragile)

This booklet is a collection of “Straight Talk” articles written for and published in the Mirror, a national daily newspaper, by Dr. Cheddi Jagan, the leader of the People’s Progressive Party. The articles have been brought together in this form in the hope that they will prove valuable not only to the broad masses within our national boundaries and beyond, but also to all other people everywhere who view with concern our internal struggle and the increasing political tensions and social contradictions largely due to foreign, particularly United States, interference in our domestic affairs.

Higher Education in Trinidad and Tobago: a Focus on Organizational Development and Change

Williams, Gwendoline & Claudia Harvey, Higher education in Trinidad and Tobago: a focus on organizational development and change, Caracas: CRESALC-UNESCO, 1985.

Available online (pdf).

Over the past thirty (30) years, Dr. Williams has worked at all levels of the education system in the Caribbean, her last position being that of Head of the Department of Management Studies and Deputy Dean in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of the West Indies.

Universidad y Sociedad en América Latina: Un Esquema de Interpretación

Brunner, José Joaquín, Universidad y Sociedad en América Latina: Un Esquema de Interpretación, Caracas: CRESALC-UNESCO, 1985.

Segunda edición disponible en línea (pdf).

José Joaquín Brunner Ried (5 de diciembre de 1944) es un político, investigador y académico chileno. Fue militante del centroizquierdista Partido por la Democracia, y se desempeñó por casi cuatro años como ministro de Estado durante el Gobierno del presidente democratacristiano Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle.

República Dominicana y las Relaciones Internacionales

Latorre, Eduardo, Idelfonso Guemez, José Antonio Martínez, Roberto Saladín & María Elena Muñoz, República Dominicana y las Relaciones Internacionales, Santo Domingo: Taller, 1973.

Del Prefacio, escrito por Eduardo Latorre:
(Este libro) Nació de la inquietud de un grupo de jóvenes dominicanos, calificados en el área de relaciones internacionales y preocupados por la suerte de este pueblo.
El primer paso fue hacer un seminario. Este tenía como objetivo principiar a dar a conocer a nivel científico la seria problemática de las relaciones internacionales y como, de manera general, estas afectan la vida de nuestro país. También se pretendía explorar ligeramente las posibilidades de como la República Dominicana podría maximizar sus ventajas dentro de las limitaciones ofrecidas por las actuales estructuras internacionales.

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Merchants and Planters

Pares, Richard, Merchants and Planters, Economic History Review, Supplement 4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960.

Reviewed by The William and Mary Quarterly © 1960.

Reviewed by Renaissance News © 1961.

Reviewed by The Journal of Southern History © 1960.

Reviewed by The Journal of Modern History, Sep., 1961.

Richard Pares CBE (25 August 1902 – 3 May 1958) was a British historian. He "was considered to be among the outstanding British historians of his time."[1]
In 1927–28, he was appointed assistant lecturer in history at University College, London, before obtaining a Laura Spelman Rockefeller Scholarship to do research in the United States and in the West Indies on mid-eighteenth-century trade. On his return to England, he was appointed lecturer in history at New College, Oxford. In 1940, World War II interrupted his Oxford academic career and he became an administrative civil servant at the Board of Trade. On returning to his academic career in 1945 as professor of history at the University of Edinburgh, he was appointed Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in recognition of his wartime public service[citation needed]. He remained at Edinburgh until he resigned for reasons of health in 1954. In 1951, he was Ford's Lecturer in Oxford and he was joint editor of the English Historical Review from 1939 to 1958. He was elected a fellow of the British Academy in 1948.

Bibliografía de las Plantaciones

Thompson, E.T., Bibliografía de las plantaciones, Washington D.C.: Unión Panamericana, 1957.

Del Prefacio:
En el curso del presente año la Unión Panamericana, en colaboración con el Gobierno de Puerto Rico y el Programa de investigación y adiestramiento para el estudio del hombre en el trópico de la Universidad de Columbia, organizó un Seminario sobre las plantaciones del Nuevo Mundo.
Durante la preparación del Seminario tuvimos conocimiento de que el doctor Edgar T. Thompson, que ha dedicado largos años de su vida al estudio de las plantaciones, había reunido una extensa bibliografía sobre el tema, todavía inédita. Los organizadores del Seminario pensaron que podían prestar un breve servicio haciendo accesible este excelente instrumento de trabajo a los especialistas interesados en el estudio de las plantaciones.

Bim, Vol. 14, No. 55 (Journal)

Bim, Vol. 14, No. 55, July – December 1972.

Table of Contents:

The West Indian, by C.L.R. James.

The Fellow Travelers, by John Wickham.

O Hearing Wilson Harris Speak, by Berenth Lindfors.

Flying Fishing, by Elwyn Parry-Jones.

West Indian Poetry: Some Problems of Assessment – Part Two, by F.G. Rohlehr.

Gran Nan, by Cynthia Wilson.

Caribbean Collage – James Berry, Faustin Charles, Frank Collymore, John Figueroa, Denis Foster, A. L. Hendriks, Robert Lee, Ian McDonald, Mervyn Morris, Bruce St. John, John Wickham.

Things in the Silence, by Harold Marshall

Notes and Additions to the Barbadian Glossary, by Frank Collymore.

Bay Brown Window, by Ron Welburn

Esmeralda, by Timothy Callender.

Towards an Eastern Caribbean Federation.

Think If You Can Of Beauty, by John McClellan.

Look Homeward Bajan, by Clare MacCulloch.

Book Reviews.

Sunday, March 5, 2017

Gambage / by Earl Augustus & others

Augustus, Earle, Gambage / by Earl Augustus & others, Trinidad & Tobago: University of West Indies, 1966.

From the Foreword:
Every type of society is in a constant state of change…
One consequence of this change is the rapid disappearance of many of our legacies. One of these legacies is the stories of bygone days. A team of young men led by Mr. Earl Augustus is attempting to record and preserve what is left of these tales. This volume is the first of the series of five to be compiled by the team and published by the U.W.I. Extra-Mural Department. I wish to recommend the book especially for children but hope that adults will also find the stories interesting.

E.D. Ramesar
Resident Tutor.

Table of Contents:
How Nancy Fooled Lion.

Rat, Rabbit and Cat.

Courage! Compere Goat.

Why Nancy Lives in a Roof.

Keys to Understanding.



Solutions to Puzzles and Notes (…) Nancy: Represented by the Spider, reputed to be the most crafty figure in the New World

The Guardian of Boston: William Monroe Trotter

Fox, Stephen R., The Guardian of Boston: William Monroe Trotter, New York: Atheneum, 1971.

Reviewed in The New England Quarterly © 1970.

William Monroe Trotter (sometimes just Monroe Trotter, April 7, 1872 – April 7, 1934) was a newspaper editor and real estate businessman based in Boston, Massachusetts, and an activist for African-American civil rights. He was an early opponent of the accommodationist race policies of Booker T. Washington, and in 1901 founded the Boston Guardian, an independent African-American newspaper, as a vehicle to express that opposition. Active in protest movements for civil rights throughout the 1900s and 1910s, he also revealed some of the differences within the African-American community. He contributed to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Wilson Harris: A Philosophical Approach

James, C. L. R., Wilson Harris: A Philosophical Approach, Trinidad & Tobago: University of West Indies, 19??.

Sir Theodore Wilson Harris (born 24 March 1921) is a Guyanese writer. He initially wrote poetry, but has since become a well-known novelist and essayist. His writing style is often said to be abstract and densely metaphorical, and his subject matter wide-ranging. Harris is considered one of the most original and innovative voices in postwar literature in English.
Literary critics have stated that although reading Harris's work is challenging, it is rewarding in many ways. Harris has been admired for his exploration of the themes of conquest and colonization as well as the struggles of colonized peoples. Readers have commented that his novels are an attempt to express truths about the way people experience reality through the lens of the imagination. Harris has been faulted for his novels that have often nonlinear plot lines, and for his preference of internal perceptions over external realities.

The British West Indies: The Search for Self-Government

Ayearst, Morley, The British West Indies: the search for self-government, London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., 1960.

Available online.

Reviewed in The Journal of Politics © 1961.

Social Research, Vol. 36, No. 4 (Journal)

Social Research, Vol. 36, No. 4, Winter, 1969.

Social Research has its origins in the New School's historic effort to provide intellectuals safe haven as the Nazis began to threaten Jewish scholars prior to the onset of WWII. This group of rescued scholars, known as the University in Exile, launched Social Research: An International Quarterly of the Political and Social Sciences in 1934 on the core conviction that every true university must have its own distinct public voice.

Table of Contents:
De Homine Abscondito, by Helmuth Plessner.

Human Nature and Modern Society, by Paul Leyhausen.

Biological Glimpses of Some Aspects of Human Sociology, by H. Hediger.

Assortment and Selection, by Ilse Schwidetzky.

Darwinian Sociology Without Social Darwinism, by Alexander Alland, Jr.

Philosophers and Intellectuals: The Question of Academic Freedom.

White Versus Colored in Britain: An Explosive Confrontation?, by Daniel C. Kramer.

The International Scene – Current Trends in the Social Sciences: Metabletics of Loneliness: An Account of J.H. van den Berg’s Life in Multiplicity, by M. Jacobs.

Book Reviews:

Ivar Oxall, Black Intellectuals Come to Power: The Rise of Creole Nationalism in Trinidad & Tobago, reviewed by Thomas G. Mathews.

Saturday, March 4, 2017

Sonderausstellung Karl V

Kunsthistorisches Museum, Sonderausstellung Karl V, Wien: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 1958.

Aus dem Vorwort:
Einen Anlaß dieser Art bot der vierhundertste Todestag Kaiser Karls V., den die Wiener Universität heuer durch eine Gedenkwoche begeht, bei der auch spanische Historiker das Wort ergreifen werden. Ungeachtet der auf den ersten Blick nicht allzu dichten Beziehungen Karl V. zu Österreich, das von ihm schon 1521/22 seinem Bruder Ferdinand I. überlassen wurde, erwies sich, daß der Reichtum des Wiener Museal- und Archivgutes eine würdige und international konkurrenz- fahige Illustration der geschichtlichen Gestalt des Kaisers und seines Zeitalters ermöglichte.

Rough translation:
The four hundredth anniversary of the death of Emperor Charles V, which the Viennese University is celebrating this year, was the occasion of a memorial week, in which Spanish historians will also speak. Notwithstanding the not very close relations between Charles V and Austria, which he had already given to his brother Ferdinand I in 1521/22, the wealth of the Viennese museological and archival material proved worthy and internationally competitive Illustration of the historical form of the Emperor and his age.

Charles V.

Social Mobility, Leadership and Political Change in Jamaica (Separata)

Bell, Wendell, Social Mobility, Leadership and Political Change in Jamaica, Separata from University of California Committee on Political Change, Grant No. 2288 – Penrose Fund, Los Angeles, California, 1963(?).

This project was a study, extending from 1956 to 1963 of the transition of the Caribbean island of Jamaica from a British colony to an independent nation-state, a political status which Jamaica achieved on August 6, 1962. Although most of the data were the results of a mail questionnaire survey conducted in Jamaica in the spring and summer of 1958, the general conclusions reached were based, additionally, on discussions and interviews with leaders and others in Jamaica at various times during 1956, 1960, 1961, and 1962. The purposes of the study were (1) to explore and discover the causes of nationalism, i.e., to determine those factors which produce nationalist attitudes, that underlie a person’s desire and drive for political independence, and those which in others result conversely in preferences for colonial status and opposition to national movement; (2) to describe the changing social composition and power of different types of elite groups during the transition to nationhood; and (3) to analyze attitudes of Jamaica elites toward the big decisions of nationhood, i.e., toward those actions most significant in shaping the future character of the Jamaican polity, economy, and society.

Attitudes toward Democracy among Leaders in Four Emergent Nations (Separata)

Moskos, Charles, & Wendell Bell, Attitudes toward Democracy among Leaders in Four Emergent Nations, Separata from The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. XV, No. 4, Dec., 1964.

Available online.

Cultural Unity and Diversity in New States (Separata)

Moskos, Charles, & Wendell Bell, Cultural Unity and Diversity in New States, Separata from Teachers College Record, vol. 66, no. 8, May, 1965.

Human diversity is a source of human problems. Like most treasures, the great advantages of individual and cultural differences are not had without cost and control. Nowhere is this poignant aspect of the human condition more apparent than in the newly emerging nations, where education is relied upon as a primary tool for achievement of cultural unity. This analysis of the difficulties posed by cultural pluralism was prepared by Dr. Moskos and Dr. Bell during a year at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford, California, and under a grant by the Carnegie Corporation to the Political Change Committee of the University of California, Los Angeles.

Equality and Attitudes of Elites in Jamaica (Separata)

Bell, Wendell, Equality and Attitudes of Elites in Jamaica, Separata from Social and Economic Studies, vol. 11, no. 4, December, 1962.

Wendell Bell is Professor Emeritus of Sociology and a Fellow of the Koerner Center, Yale University. He joined the Yale faculty in 1963, served as Chair of the Department of Sociology, helped to found the Yale Program (now Department) of African American Studies, directed the Yale Comparative Sociology Training Program, which required students to do research abroad, and was a Senior Research Scientist in the Yale Center for Comparative Research (2000-05). Before that, he was on the faculties of Stanford University where he directed the Stanford Survey Research Facility (1952-54), Northwestern University (1954-57), and UCLA, where he headed the West Indies Study Program (1957-63). He was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA (1963-64). During World War II, he was a naval aviator and did a tour of duty in the Philippines. His fields of interest are futures studies and social change, human values and global ethics, altruism, social stratification, ethnicity and nationalism (Caribbean, Western Europe, and comparatively worldwide).

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Ingratitude and Outrage: 27 Years in the Dominican Republic

Benítez Rexach, Félix, Ingratitude and Outrage: 27 Years in the Dominican Republic, San Juan, Puerto Rico: Editorial El Imparcial, 1962.

Part I – Statement presented by Puerto Rican Civil Engineer and Contractor, Mr. Félix Benítez Rexach, through Radio Caribe in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, February 8, 1962, in which he explained to the Dominican People his solely professional participation in the development of the public works of that country, throughout the 27 years he lived among them, working and helping to enhance the progress of the Republic.

Part II – After the exposition of facts made by engineer Félix Benítez Rexach to the Dominican People over the radio, printed in Part I hereof, this second Part is a brief and truthful account of the inconceivable vexation and abuse suffered by Mr. Félix Benítez Rexach at the hands of the present Dominican Government.

Félix Benítez Rexach [note 1] (March 27, 1886 – November 2, 1975) was a Puerto Rican engineer and businessman who built the Normandie Hotel, located in San Juan, Puerto Rico. (…) Benítez Rexach also worked on various projects in the Dominican Republic, as a consequence of the friendship which he had with that country's dictator, Rafael L. Trujillo. Among his works in that country were the Port of Santo Domingo and the "Avenida Jorge Washington" (George Washington Avenue). (…) Benítez Rexach was a passionate Puerto Rican patriot and a personal friend of Pedro Albizu Campos, president of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party.

La Desnutrición y sus Implicaciones Sociales en la República Dominicana

Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia, La desnutrición y sus implicaciones sociales en la República Dominicana, Santo Domingo: Taller, 1976.

Discurso de orden del Dr. Alfonso Lockward en la apertura del seminario sobre la desnutrición y sus implicaciones sociales en la República Dominicana.

Introducción al seminario sobre el impacto social de la desnutrición en la República Dominicana (nutrición y cultura).

Estrategia para la producción y mercadeo de los productos agropecuarios dentro de las metas de desarrollo económico dominicano, por Bienvenido Brito.

Situación nutricional y salud pública en la República Dominicana, por Víctor Suero.

Salud, educación, nutrición: estrategia para la acción, por Amiro Pérez Mera.

Nutrición, distribución del ingreso y desarrollo agrícola, por Flavio Machicado Saravia.

Resumen y conclusiones.

Crisis in the British West Indies

Washington, S. Walter, Crisis in the British West Indies, New York: Foreign Affairs, July 1960.

Available online.

At a time when so many of the colored peoples of the world are demanding and gaining their independence from colonial rule, it is something of an anomaly to find a people who, having taken a second look, are not sure they want it so quickly or in the way it was planned. This is what has happened on the island of Jamaica, one of the principal units in the Federation of the West Indies.

Statu quo en Haiti?: d'un Duvalier à l'autre : l'itinéraire d'un fascisme de sous-développement

Manigat, Leslie François, Statu quo en Haiti?: d'un Duvalier à l'autre: l'itinéraire d'un fascisme de sous-développement, Paris: La technique du livre, Juin, 1971.

Leslie François Saint Roc Manigat (August 16, 1930 – June 27, 2014) was a Haitian politician who was elected as President of Haiti in a tightly controlled military held election in January 1988.[1] He served as President for only a few months, from February 1988 to June 1988, before being ousted by the military. Leslie Manigat was a professor at the prestigious l'Université de Paris-VIII Vincennes, where he gave courses on World History. He also published articles on education in various Haitian newspapers: Le Nouvelliste, La Phalange, and Le Matin.

Saturday, February 18, 2017

The Military - Separata

McAlister, Lyle N., The Military, Separata from Continuity and Change in Latin America, John J. Johnson, Ed., Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 1964.

From the intro.:
The chapter examines the role of the military in the dynamics of change in Latin America. The military is defined collectively as the regular armies, navies, and air forces and, occasionally, the gendarmeries of the several nation states, since the regional caudillo as military leader and regional and local forces as military organizations have largely disappeared.1
The armed forces are discussed from three points of view: (1) as organizations performing their primary military functions; (2) as agencies responsible for a wide variety of public services; and (3) as a political group or political groups.

The Dominican Intervention in Retrospect - Separata

Lowenthal, Abraham F., The Dominican Intervention in Retrospect, Separata from Public Policy, Volume XVIII, Fall 1969, Number 1.

See also The Dominican Intervention.

The Soulouque Regime in Haiti 1847 - 1859: A Reevaluation

MacLeod, Murdo J., The Soulouque Regime in Haiti 1847 - 1859: A Reevaluation, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Center for Latin American Studies, 1971.

Available online.

Faustin-Élie Soulouque (15 August 1782 – 6 August 1867)[1] was a career officer and general in the Haitian Army when he was elected President of Haiti in 1847. In 1849 he was proclaimed Emperor of Haiti under the name Faustin I. He soon purged the army of the ruling elite, installed black loyalists in administrative positions, and created a secret police and a personal army. In 1849 he created a black nobility in the country. However, his unsuccessful attempts to reconquer the neighbouring Dominican Republic undermined his control and a conspiracy led by General Fabre Nicolas Geffrard forced him to abdicate in 1859.

Saturday, February 11, 2017

Poems of Resistance from British Guiana

Carter, Martin, Poems of Resistance from British Guiana, London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1954.

Martin Wylde Carter (7 June 1927 – 13 December 1997) was a Guyanese poet and political activist. Widely regarded as the greatest Guyanese poet, and one of the most important poets of the Caribbean region, Carter is best known for his poems of protest, resistance and revolution.[1][2][3][4] Carter played an active role in Guyanese politics, particularly in the years leading up Independence in 1966 and those following immediately after. He was famously imprisoned by the British government in Guyana (then British Guiana) in October 1953 under allegations of "spreading dissension", and again in June 1954 for taking part in a PPP procession.[5][6] Shortly after being released from prison the first time, Carter published his most well-known poetry collection, Poems of Resistance from British Guiana (1954).

From the Foreword by Sydney King:
You are about to read poetry which is significant for oppressed people, and particularly for Guiana and the whole Caribbean. Added significance resides in this poetry because Martin Carter approaches the world from the profound humanist standpoint of a Communist. The increasing grandeur of his work shatters the philistine belief that art is a pose divorced from real life, that bringing reality into art is the death of art.

Voices, Vol. 1, Nos. 4, 5 & 6 (Journals)

Voices, Vol. 1, No. 4, Port of Spain Trinidad: The Book Shop, June-Aug., 1965.
Vol. 1, No. 5, December 1965.
Vol. 1, No. 6, 1966.

Contents of Vol. 1, No. 4:
The Holocaust, by Judy Miles.
The Suicide, by Marshall Laub.
Casual Meeting, by Janice Bain-Mottley.
Hot Night, by Miles Hender.
The Tropic Night, by Wayne Brown.
Looking East of Queen, by Venice Millington.
Night’s Face, by Ann Richardson.
Translation from Octavio Paz, by Lloyd King.
At Two O’clock, by Judy Miles.
Religion in Schools, Correspondence.
Dirge in a Dark Vision, by Roger Mc Tair.
Spectacle, by Padraig O’Broin.
Notes, New Contributors.

Contents of Vol. 1, No. 5:
Talking About the Thirties, by Alfred Mendes.
Christmas Thoughts, by Clifford Sealy
Trinidad Carol, by Henry Beissel.
Noble Savage Visits Brave New World, by Elliot Bastien.
My Sister, by Barbara Jones.
The Myth of “To Sir With Love”, by Kenneth Ramchand.
Fragments, by Wally Look Lai.
Who is my Neighbor Now?, by Steven de Castro.
Hillside Re-View, by Anon.
Notes, New Contributors.

Contents of Vol. 1, No. 6:
Ketch Me Wantin’, by Douglas Archibald.
Pan, by Clifford Sealy.
Calypsonian, by Marguerite Wyke
Pan at Carnival, by Henry Beissel.
White Crescendo, by Clive Yetming.
A Short Note on Concrete, by Lionel Kearns.
Power, by Andre Salkey.
Property, by Andrew Salkey.
The Room, by Judy Miles.
Passe, by Joan Rainford.
Poetic, by Lionel Kearns.
Poet as Salesman, by Lionel Kearns.
Little Boy, by Anthony La Rose.
Untitled, by Barbara Jones.

Thursday, February 9, 2017

Educational Trends in the Caribbean: European Affiliated Areas

Hauch, Charles C., Educational Trends in the Caribbean: European Affiliated Areas, Washington D.C.: Office of Education, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1960.

Reviewed in The Americas, Volume 17, Issue 4 April 1961.

From the Foreword:
The present bulletin is another in the Office of Education's long established series on education in other countries. This bulletin deals with some of the most apparent educational trends at the present time in European affiliated areas of the Caribbean. These include the British, Netherlands, and French affiliated areas. The educational ties of these areas with the United States add importance and interest to such a study. To cite just one example, more than 1,400 students from the British Caribbean areas alone were enrolled in institutions of higher learning in the United States during the 1958-59 school year, according to published statistics of the privately supported Institute of International Education. Information in this bulletin is based in considerable part on direct observation by the author of educational institutions and practices, and on discussions with educational and other specialists, in certain of the Caribbean areas during the latter part of 1958. These observations and discussions were supplemented by extensive study of published source materials and other writings on the area generally and its educational patterns and facilities.

Social and Economic Studies, Vol. 17 (Journal)

Social and Economic Studies, Vol. 17, No. 4, Jamaica: ISER, December 1968.

The Prestige Ranking of Occupations: Problems of Method and Interpretation Suggested by a Study in Guyana, by Sara Graham & David Beckles.

Cultural Pluralism and Sociological Theory: A Critique and Re-evaluation, by Malcolm Cross.

Demographic-Resource Push in Rural Migration, by R.N. Harris & E.S. Steer.

Higglering in Jamaica and the Mystique of Pure Competition, by Douglas G. Norvell & Marian K. Thompson.

Motives and Objectives of Migration: Selective Migration and Preferences toward Rural and Urban Life, by Leatrice D. MacDonald & John S. MacDonald.

The Effect of the Home on the School in Trinidad, by P.B. Dyer.

Some Financial Aspects of United States Contribution to the alliance for Progress, by Karel Holbik.

Impact of the Tea Industry on the Growth of the Ceylonese Economy, by Youngil Lim.

The Effects of Relative Changes in Final Demands on Industrial Outputs: A Note, by A.A. Francis.

West Indians in Canada: The Household Help Scheme, by Frances Henry.

Monday, February 6, 2017

Ballads for Jamaicans

Norman, Alma, Ballads for Jamaicans, Kingston?: Alma Norman, n.d.

”Jamaican is our name”.

Ysassi – Defender of Jamaica.

Henry Morgan Remembers.

Judgment at Port Royal.

Queen Nanny’s Town.

Cudjoe and the man from Westmoreland.

Cuffey in Havana.

Revolt of Chief Tacky.

The Legend of the Golden Table.

Three Finger Jack.

The Curse of Rose Hall.

Lament for Sam Sharpe.

The Mountain Men.

Ballad of ’65.

”George William Gordon! Where are you now?”

Jamaica Wanderers.

Estudios Sociales, Año VII, Nums. 1- 2 (Journal)

Estudios Sociales, Año VII, Nums. 1-2 (Ene - Jun 1974).

Situación y tendencias demográficas actuales en la República Dominicana, por Nelson Ramírez.

Elementos para una mejor comprensión y evaluación de la política poblacional de la República Dominicana, por Manuel M. Ortega.

Algunos aspectos en la relación población-ecología en la República Dominicana.

Políticas de desarrollo económico y población, por José Luis Alemán.

Sunday, February 5, 2017

Dominican Republic: A Study in the New Imperialism

Institute for International Labor Research, Dominican Republic: A Study in the New Imperialism, New York: Institute for International Labor Research, 1965.

From the Introduction by IILR Chairman Norman Thomas:
As a public service in a matter of deep importance for the present and future, the Institute for International Labor Research has compiled the documents included in this pamphlet. The Institute is not a political organization in the sense that it supports any party in the areas in which it works. It is educational and had an important share in the organization known as CIDES which was carrying out a rather elaborate and useful plan for education in the Dominican Republic during the presidency of Juan Bosch. CIDES, which was the brainchild of our secretary treasurer, Sacha Volman, was one of the victims of the military junta which overthrew President Bosch.

This pamphlet presents in order the following articles and documents:
1. Theodore Draper’s “The Roots of the Dominican Crisis,” published in The New Leader, May 24, 1965. Mr. Draper is a recognized authority on Communism and Cuba.
2. President Bosch’s own story of the troubled weeks following the military overthrow of Donald Reid Cabral published in The New Leader, June 21, 1965, under the title, “Tale of Two Nations.”
3. Comments, very charitable to President Johnson, on the Dominican situation and its economic background by Jose Figueres, former president of Costa Rica, well known for his friendship for the U.S. His title is “Revolution and Counter Revolution in Santo Domingo.”
4. A brief denial by Figueres and the other gentlemen concerned of former Ambassador John Bartlow Martin’s charge in Life that Jose Figueres of Costa Rica, Romulo Betancourt, former president of Venezuela and Luis Muñoz Marín, former governor of Puerto Rico, had declined to go to the Dominican Republic in an effort to bring peace to the war-torn island. The denial as well as the original article was published by Life.
5. Comment of Teodoro Moscoso, Puerto Rican Operation Bootstrap leader, who was long our official representative in the Alliance for Progress.
6. Luis Homero Lajara Burgos, whose statement we next print, has occupied the following posts: Director General of Security in the provisional government of Dr. Rafael Molina Urena; Rear Admiral (ret.) of Dominican Navy; Chief of Staff of Dominican Navy; Chief of Dominican National Police; member of General Staff of Inter-American Defense Board; Naval Attache, Dominican Embassy, Washington, D.C.
7. An article, “U.S. Must Back Dominican Revolution,” by Prof. Robert J. Alexander, an authority on Latin America, in New America (June 18, 1965).
We conclude the pamphlet with a statement in which I speak for myself rather than officially for the Institute of which I am chairman.

Revista Dominicana de Antropología e Historia, Año III, Vol. 3: Nums. 5-6 (Journal)

Revista Dominicana de Antropología e Historia, Año III, Vol. 3: Nums. 5-6 (Ene - Dic 1973).

Esquemas de evolución de las sociedades, por Maurice Godelier.
Ecología y arqueología, por Mario Sanoja Obediente.
Música folklórica: yoruba, bantú, abakuá, por Argeliers León.
En busca de "El Dorado": algunos aspectos sociológicos del huaquerismo en Costa Rica (Traducido por Jorge A. Lines), por Dwight B. Heath.
Transcripción fonética de textos folklóricos, por Ralph S. Boggs.
La utilización de las fuentes orales y escritas por la historia inmediata (Traducido por Amadeo Julián), por Benoît Verhaegen.
Relaciones entre los grupos de parentesco por descendencia o afinidad, y sus normas de residencia entre los pueblos primitivos, por Horacio Larraín Barros.
Instrumentos musicales de posible origen africano en la costa del Perú, por Fernando Romero.
Estudio tipológico-estructural del folklore, por Elizar Maletinski.
El estatuto científico de las ciencias sociales, por Dolores Avalos Gutiérrez.
Bataille o el rescate del mal, por Mario Vargas Llosa.
Forcejeos diplomáticos y rivalidad política entre Castilla y Portugal en la expansión atlántica, 1291-1494, por Pedro J. Santiago.
V. I. Lenin y la metodología de la historia, por Evgenii Mikhailovich Zhukov.

Introducción a la Economía de la Cuenca del Caribe

Guerra-Borges, Alfredo, Introducción a la economía de la Cuenca del Caribe, Ciudad México: Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, UNAM, 1985.

De la carátula:
Los acontecimientos de los últimos años han destacado a la Cuenca del Caribe como una región de crecientes tensiones, todas las cuales, aun aquellas que tienen un carácter interno, son inseparables de los intereses y las políticas de los Estados Unidos coinciden de alguna manera en estos. Hay que reconocer al Presidente Reagan haber contribuido más que ninguno a poner la Cuenca del Caribe en el primer plano de la noticia cotidiana. La Cuenca ha pasado a ser el Cercano Oriente del Hemisferio Occidental. Y sin embargo, muy poco sabemos acerca de la Cuenca. Nos referimos al gran público, y no a los especialistas, claro está. En México y Centroamérica se tiene, en general, pocas noticias sobre la economía, la historia y la cultura de los Estados antillanos. Lo inverso también es cierto.

Saturday, February 4, 2017

Consideraciones Sobre la Historia Sísmica de la República Dominicana

Martínez Barrio, Domingo, Consideraciones sobre la historia sísmica de la República Dominicana, Ciudad Trujillo: Universidad de Santo Domingo, 1946.

Del propósito y los datos sobre los que se ha operado:
El estudio de una cantidad grande de datos incompletos, proporciona siempre una menor contribución a la sismología que el de un concienzudo trabajo sobre un solo sismo. No obstante, primero por cumplir uno de los puntos establecidos en el “Programa de cooperación sismológica interamericana”, del que es autor el Ing. P. Ulrich y después, para que no sea muy destacado el vacío que se encuentra en el estudio histórico-sísmico de nuestro país, nos hemos decidido, aunque con escasos elementos, a afrontar este tema.

El presente trabajo se fundamenta sobre los datos suministrados por la obra de Fray Cipriano de Utrera que lleva por título “Santo Domingo, dilucidaciones históricas.”

Also of interest.

Saturday, January 28, 2017

La UCMM: Un Nuevo Estilo Universitario en la República Dominicana

Núñez Collado, Agripino, Mons., La UCMM: un nuevo estilo universitario en la República Dominicana, Santiago, República Dominicana: UCMM, 1977.

Disponible en línea.

Agripino Antonio Núñez Collado (nacido el 9 de noviembre de 1933 en La Galeta, Santiago) es un sacerdote de la Iglesia Católica en la República Dominicana y rector de la Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra hasta el 15 de enero de 2015.1 Conocido como Monseñor Núñez Collado. Ha sido mediador en diversas ocasiones entre sectores políticos en pugna; impulsó y dirigió, desde 1985, el Diálogo Tripartito que hizo posible el nuevo Código de Trabajo, promulgado en 1992; el Pacto de Solidaridad Económica (1990), el Acuerdo por una Campaña Electoral en un Clima de Paz, el Pacto de Civilidad y el Pacto por la Democracia (1994).

John Wilhelm's Guide to the Caribbean Islands

Wilhelm, John, John Wilhelm's guide to the Caribbean Islands, New York: McGraw Hill Book Company 1960.

From Kirkus:
The seasoned traveler whose Guide to All Mexico has already been published, …provides the prospective vacationist with all the factual information he can need regarding travel in the Caribbean area.

The Cross on the Drum

Cave, Hugh B., The Cross on the Drum, Golden City, New York: Doubleday & Co. Inc., 1958.

Hugh Barnett Cave (11 July 1910 – 27 June 2004) was an American writer of various genres, perhaps best remembered for his works of horror, weird menace and science fiction.[1] Cave was one of the most prolific contributors to pulp magazines of the 1920s and '30s, selling an estimated 800 stories not only in the aforementioned genres but also in western, fantasy, adventure, crime, romance and non-fiction.

Available online.

Saturday, January 21, 2017

Cahier d'un Retour Au Pays Natal

Césaire, Aimé, Cahier d'un retour au pays natal, Paris: Présence Africaine, 1971.

Disponible en ligne.

Cahier d'un retour au pays natal est une œuvre poétique d'Aimé Césaire publiée en 1939 (et rééditée en 1947). Rédigé en 1936-1939, le Cahier fut d'abord publié en août 1939, dans le n° 20 de la revue Volontés. Sous l'impulsion d'André Breton, une première édition bilingue est publiée par Brentano’s, à New York en 1947, puis la même année en France par les éditions Pierre Bordas dans une édition remaniée1.
Ce poème se présente comme un long texte d'une quarantaine de pages, sous forme de vers libres. Influencé par le surréalisme, il mêle métaphores audacieuses et expression de la révolte. Le retour à la Martinique s'accompagne de la prise de conscience de la condition inégalitaire des Noirs.

Aimé Fernand David Césaire (26 June 1913 – 17 April 2008) was a Francophone and French poet, author and politician from Martinique. He was "one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature".[2] He wrote such works as Une Tempête, a response to Shakespeare's play The Tempest, and Discours sur le colonialisme (Discourse on Colonialism), an essay describing the strife between the colonizers and the colonized. His works have been translated into many languages.

Mon Pays à Travers les Légendes

Cassius de Linval, Paule, Mon pays à travers les légendes, Contes martiniquais, Paris: Editions de la Revue Moderne, 1960.

Paule Cassius de Linval (née le 23 octobre 1899 à Saint-Joseph (Martinique), décédée à Paris le 1970) est une conteuse et poétesse française. Son recueil de contes : Mon pays à travers les légendes a été couronné par le prix Montyon (1961). Paule est la nièce de Clémence Cassius de Linval qui a écrit un ouvrage sous le pseudonyme de Jean Max intitulé Cœurs Martiniquais (première édition 1922, éditions de la revue moderne, Paris, 1961).

Paule Cassius de Linval (born 23 October 1899 in Saint-Joseph, Martinique, died in Paris in 1970) is a French story-teller and poet. Her collection of tales: My country through the legends was crowned by the Montyon prize (1961). Paule is the niece of Clémence Cassius of Linval who wrote a book under the pseudonym of Jean Max entitled Cœurs Martiniquais (first edition 1922, editions of the modern magazine, Paris, 1961)

Tres Momentos en la Controversia de Límites de Guayana; el Incidente del Yuruán, Cleveland y la Doctrina Monroe

Núñez, Enrique Bernardo, Tres momentos en la controversia de límites de Guayana; el incidente del Yuruán, Cleveland y la Doctrina Monroe, Caracas: Imprenta Nacional, 1962.

Nota preliminar de esta edición.

I. El doctor Fortique y lord Aberdeen – La Carta Schomburgk (1841 – 1845).

II. Los Recuerdos del Marques de Rojas – La Línea Moroco – Proposición de Arbitraje (1876 – 1884).

III. Guzmán Blanco pierde una victoria – La frontera en el Esequibo – La Compañía Manoa – Invasión de la Guayana Venezolana – Ruptura con Inglaterra – El Pertrecho de Crespo – “En el mundo no existe la justicia” – “Tu Quoque Brutus!” (1884 – 1890).

IV. El Incidente del Yuruán.

V. Cleveland y la Doctrina Monroe.

VI. El Fallo Arbitral.

A. El Memorándum de Severo Mallet-Prevost.
B. El Presidente Betancourt y la revisión de límites de Guayana.

Pérdida de la Isla de Trinidad

Pérez Aparicio, Josefina, Pérdida de la isla de Trinidad, Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos, 1966.

De la portada:
En el caso presente, la Srta. Josefina Pérez Aparicio – guiada por el Dr. Morales Padrón, que ha querido prologar el trabajo para situar la pérdida de Trinidad en el contexto de las pugnas internacionales del XVIII americano – ha realizado una tentativa de profundización sobre un hecho y unas personas en cuyas manos tal vez estuvo el curso de los acontecimientos que privaron a España de una de las provincias de su Imperio. Pérdida de la isla de Trinidad pone al día un tema y una polémica hace tiempo olvidados.

Cultura, Ambiente, Desarrollo: (el caso del Caribe insular)

Bansart, Andrés, Cultura, ambiente, desarrollo: (el caso del Caribe insular), Caracas: Universidad Simón Bolívar, Instituto de Altos Estudios de América Latina, 1992.

De la “Advertencia”:
Este libro se divide en dos partes. La primera constituye una construcción teórica y la segunda es la aplicación de ésta a la realidad del Caribe Insular. Cada una de estas dos partes se divide, a su vez, en siete capítulos: los tres primeros tienen por objeto definir los conceptos de identidad cultural, ambiente y desarrollo; los tres siguientes establecen las relaciones entre identidad cultural y ambiente, identidad cultural y desarrollo, ambiente y desarrollo; el séptimo capítulo articula entre si estas tres relaciones.

La Caña en Santo Domingo

Sánchez, Juan J., La caña en Santo Domingo, Santo Domingo: Ediciones de Taller, 1972.

De la portada:
Reseña minuciosa del estado real de la industria azucarera en la República Dominicana a finales del siglo XIX. La preceden capítulos introductorios que parten de los momentos mismos del nacimiento de esta industria y nos llevan a través de todo su desarrollo (en sus alzas y en sus bajas) hasta ese fin de siglo. La concluyen recomendaciones que intentan la búsqueda del desarrollo y modernización de ese sector de la producción nacional.

Sunday, January 15, 2017

Evaluación de la Política de Industrialización de la República Dominicana

Vega, Bernardo, Evaluación de la Política de Industrialización de la República Dominicana, Santo Domingo: UCMM, 1974.

Reseñado por el Dr. Fuat Andic en Caribbean Studies © 1974.

Prólogo (Rafael Herrera)


La República Dominicana ante el proceso de Integración Económica en Latinoamérica (enero 1967)

Política Monetaria y Cambiaria en la Republica Dominicana de 1959 a 1967 (noviembre 1967)

Analisis del Grado de Dependencia de Materias Primas Extranjeras por parte del Sector Industrial Dominicano (noviembre 1968)

Conferencia ante el Consejo Nacional de Hombres de Empresas (mayo 26, 1969)

Apelaciones practicas del Tema de la Inversión extranjera a casos y situaciones dominicanas (junio 13, 1970)

”La República Dominicana y el Cambiante Ambiente Económico de América Latina”

La crisis monetaria internacional y su impacto sobre el turismo en la zona del Caribe (octubre 1971)

”En busca de una estrategia para el desarrollo económico de la República Dominicana”, conferencia dictada ante la Cámara Americana de Comercio de Santo Domingo (21 de octubre de 1971)

La Compañía Gaditana de Negros

Torres Ramírez, Bibiano, La Compañía Gaditana de Negros, Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos de Sevilla, 1973.

Disponible en línea en el repositorio institucional del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.

La Compañía Gaditana de Negros era el nombre de una sociedad mercantil española dedicada al tráfico de esclavos entre África y la América española en la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII. Estaba ubicada en Cádiz, sede de la Casa de Contratación.

The Compañía Gaditana de Negros was the name of a Spanish mercantile society dedicated to the slave trade between Africa and Spanish America in the second half of the eighteenth century. It was located in Cadiz, home of the Casa de Contratación.

Estudios Latinoamericanos 6, I Parte (Academia de Ciencias de Polonia) [Journal]

Estudios Latinoamericanos 6 I Parte, Zakland Narodowy im. Ossolinskich – Wydawnictwo, Wroclaw, 1980.

Disponible en línea.

Véase además II Parte.

Culture et développement en Haïti

Douyon, Emerson, Culture et développement en Haïti : [travaux présentés au cours du symposium] / Symposium Haïti [publié sous la direction du professeur Emerson Douyon], Montréal: Leméac, 1972.

Symposium organisé sous les auspices du Dép. d'anthropologie de l'Université de Montréal et du Centre d'études haïtiennes, tenu du 6 au 9 mai. Comprend des références bibliographiques.