Tuesday, January 27, 2015

The Hero and the Crowd in a Colonial Polity


Singham, A. W., The Hero and the Crowd in a Colonial Polity, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Reviewed in Social and Economic Studies © 1970.

Reviewed in the Caribbean Studies © 1970.

Reviewed in Caribbean Quarterly © 1969.

Reviewed in the Political Science Quarterly © 1971.

Reviewed in the The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1969.

From the inner sleeve:
The unusual relationships that develop in a colony from rivalry among the traditional, the charismatic, and the legal domination systems are examined in this study of a political leader – the “hero” – who emerges during the stage of terminal colonial rule. Mr. Singham believes that the political conflict which results from the three systems’ rival claims to legitimacy cannot be resolved because of fundamental contradictions within the colonial polity. Thus the crisis phenomenon is inherent in the colonial situation, and the political system is bound to be unstable. These theoretical propositions are weighed against the career of E.M. Gairy, a central figure in the 1962 crisis of Grenada, the smallest of the Windward Islands in the Caribbean.

Historiographie d'Haïti


Pressoir, Catts, Ernst Trouillot & Henock Trouillot, Historiographie d'Haïti, (Publicación núm. 168), México: Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia, 1953.

La IVe Assemblée de l’Institut Panaméricain de Géographie et d'Histoire, réunie à Caracas en août 1946, vota une série de résolutions dont la 43e. laissait à la Commission d'Histoire le soin de faire préparer pour chaque pays une bibliothèque d'Historiographie Américaine devant servir de guide pour les oeuvres les plus notables d'Histoire de chaque pays américain.
C'est le volume d'Historiographie de la République d'Haïti qui se trouve ici et que nous avons écrit en collaboration avec MM. Ernst et Hénock Trouillot, conformément à la Recommandation No 5 et à la lettre du Dr. Zavala du 13 décembre, 1948. --- Dr. Catts Pressoir


The Fourth Meeting of the Pan American Institute of Geography and History, held in Caracas in August 1946, passed a series of resolutions whose 43rd. leaves the Commission of history the task to prepare for each country an American Historiography library to serve as a guide to the most significant works of history for every American country.
This is the volume of Historiography of the Republic of Haiti that is here and we have written with MM. Ernst and Hénock Trouillot, in accordance with Recommendation No 5 and the letter of Dr. Zavala of December 13, 1948 --- Dr. Catts Pressoir

Haiti: Naturraumpotential und Entwicklung


Donner, Wolf, Haiti: Naturraumpotential und Entwicklung, Hamburg: Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde, 1980.

Teilweise verfügbar online.

Das Institut für Iberoamerika-Kunde wurde 1962 gegründet. Gemeinsam mit anderen regional ausgerichteten Forschungsinstituten bildet es den Verbund der Stiftung Deutsches Übersee-Institut, die von der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg getragen wird.

Aufgabe des Instituts ist es, wissenschaftlich fundierte Erkenntnisse über Lateinamerika zu gewinnen, zu verarbeiten und zu verbreiten; den Forschungsschwerpunkt bilden aktuelle Probleme der sozio- ökonomischen Entwicklung Lateinamerikas.

Die Tätigkeit des Instituts richtet sich nicht nur an die Wissenschaft, sondern bezweckt auch, dem privaten und dem öffentlichen Sektor Grundlagen für praktische Entscheidungen zu vermitteln.


The Institute of Ibero-American Studies was established in 1962. Together with other regionally-focused research institutes, it is the composite of the Foundation German Overseas Institute, which is supported by the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.

The Institute is to process and disseminate scientifically based knowledge about Latin America; the research focuses on current problems of socio-economic development of Latin America.

The Institute's activities aimed not only in science, but also aims to provide the private and public sector foundations for practical decisions.

Monday, January 26, 2015

La República de Haití y la República Dominicana: Diversos Aspectos de un Problema Histórico, Geográfico y Etnológico, Tomos I & II


Price-Mars, Jean, La República de Haití y la República Dominicana: diversos aspectos de un problema histórico, geográfico y etnológico, Tomos I & II, traducción de Martín Aldao & José Luis Muñoz Azpiri, Puerto Príncipe: [s.n.], 1953.

Reseñada en la Revista Mexicana del Caribe, 2000 Vol. 5 (9).

Reviewed in the Journal of Haitian Studies © 1997.

Jean Price-Mars (15 October 1876 – 1 March 1969), born in Grande Rivière du Nord, was a Haitian teacher, diplomat, writer, and ethnographer. Price-Mars served as secretary of the Haitian legation in Washington (1909) and as chargé d'affaires in Paris (1915–1917). In 1922 he completed medical studies that he had given up for lack of a scholarship. After withdrawing as a candidate for the presidency of Haiti in favor of Stenio Vincent in 1930, Price-Mars led Senate opposition to the new president and was forced out of politics. In 1941, he was again elected to the Senate. He was secretary of state for external relations in 1946 and, later, ambassador to the Dominican Republic. In his eighties, he continued service as Haitian ambassador at the United Nations and ambassador to France.


Índice de ambos tomos:
TOMO I.

Capítulo I. La vocación de Haití por la Libertad.
Capítulo II. La cuestión del Este.
Capítulo III. La parte del Este.
Capítulo IV. La campaña del Este en 1805.
Capítulo V. El estatuto de la Comunidad dominicana de 1805 a 1822.
Capítulo VI. ¿Hubo, bajo la bandera de la República de Haití, un llamamiento dominicano a la unidad política de la isla? Si lo hubo, ¿en qué consistió?
Capítulo VII. ¿Cuál fue la modalidad empleada por Boyer para realizar la unión de ambas partes de la isla?
Capítulo VIII. La Republica de Haiti “Una e Indivisible” se hallaba establecida desde el Cabo Engaño hasta el Muelle San Nicolás.
Capítulo IX. La Ordenanza de S. M. Carlos X, Rey de Francia.
Capítulo X. Las repercusiones financieras, económicas y políticas de la Ordenanza de Carlos X.
Capítulo XI. La oposición parlamentaria.
Capítulo XII. La insurrección de Praslin y el rompimiento de la Unidad nacional.

TOMO II.

Capítulo I. La guerra haitiano-dominicana. ¿Indivisibilidad del territorio o independencia dominicana? La acción militar.
Capítulo II. La guerra haitiano-dominicana. La acción diplomática y las perturbaciones sociales en el Oeste.
Capítulo III. El Plan Levasseur.
Capítulo IV. La defensa haitiana después de la frustración del Plan Levasseur. Los gobiernos efímeros.
Capítulo V. El gobierno de Soulouque y el retorno a las hostilidades.

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Avec les "Rouges" aux Iles-du-Vent, souvenirs du Chevalier de Valous (1790-1793)


Valous, Camille-Marie, chevalier de, Avec les "Rouges" aux Iles-du-Vent, souvenirs du Chevalier de Valous (1790-1793), Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 1930.

L'histoire de la Révolution, comme le remarque fort justement M. Pierre de Vaissière, a été trop souvent écrite d'apres les seuls documents émanés de ceux qui en furent les animateurs et les champions. Il serait juste pourtant de donner aussi la parole (depuis ces dernières années on commence d'ailleurs à s'en convaincre), à d'autres témoins que les Révolutionnaires eux-mêmes je veux dire à ceux qui souffrirent de la tourmente. C'est de cette pensée que je m'inspire en offrant au public, d'après des récits inédits de l'époque, une relation des événements peu connus qui se déroulèrent aux Antilles françaises à l'aurore des temps nouveaux. Certains passages de ces souvenirs pourront étonner, parfois même choquer notre moderne conception du patriotisme. Mais il faut se souvenir ici que toute l'histoire de l'émigration nous fait assister à un curieux conflit entre le sentiment de dévouement au Roi et l'attachement au pays lui-même. Aussi ne faut-il pas sur ce point formuler de jugements trop hâtifs. Le chevalier Camille de Valous, auteur du journal inédit d'où nous extrayons les pages qu'on va livre, avait été baptisé le 25 décembre 1764. Il était l'avant-dernier des treize enfants vivants de Benoit de Valous seigneur de Tourieux et Chambas en Lyonnais,....


The history of the (French) Revolution, as rightly noted by Mr. Pierre de Vaissière was often written only from documents emanating from those who were leaders and champions. Yet it would be fair to also give the floor (in recent years it is beginning to be convinced), to other witnesses, Revolutionaries themselves - I want to say - those who suffered from the turmoil. This is the thought that I am inspired to offer the public, from unpublished accounts of the time, a little-known relationship of events that took place in the French Antilles in the dawn of the new times. Some parts of these memories can surprise, even shock our modern conception of patriotism. But it must be remembered here that in the whole history of emigration for us to witness a curious conflict between the feeling of devotion to the King and the attachment to the country itself. Also do we not make this point too hasty judgments. Camille Valous Knight, author of the unpublished diary from which we extract the pages of this book was baptized on December 25, 1764. He was the second last of the thirteen living children Benoit Valous Lord and Tourieux Chambas in Lyon ...

Vie de Toussaint Louverture


Schoelcher, Victor, Vie de Toussaint Louverture, Deuxième edition, Paris: Paul Ollendorff, 1889.

Disponible en ligne.

Victor Schœlcher … (22 July 1804, Paris – 25 December 1893, Houilles) was a French abolitionist writer in the 19th century and the main spokesman for a group from Paris who worked for the abolition of slavery, and formed an abolition society in 1834. He worked especially hard for the abolition of slavery on the Caribbean islands, notably the French West Indies.


Victor Schoelcher (París, 22 de julio de 1804 - Houilles, 25 de diciembre de 1893) fue un político francés, uno de los más fervientes antiesclavistas.
(…)
Diputado por la Martinica y Guadalupe entre 1848 y 1850 se sienta en la izquierda del hemiciclo. Era republicano, defendió los derechos de la mujer y fue contrario a la pena de muerte. Durante el Segundo Imperio Francés que siguió al golpe de estado de Luis Napoleón Bonaparte fue detenido y tuvo que exiliarse a Inglaterra, en donde se encontró a menudo con su amigo Víctor Hugo. Tras la batalla de Sedán que supone la derrota de las tropas imperiales regresa a Francia. Tras la abdicación de Napoleón III, vuelve a ser elegido diputado por la Martinica en la Asamblea Nacional en 1871. En 1875, pasa a ser senador perpetuo.
.

Sunday, January 18, 2015

Tradition and the West Indian Novel


Harris, Wilson, Tradition and the West Indian Novel, London: The London West Indian Students Union, May, 1965. (two copies)

Tradition, the Writer & Society (1967):
The classic essay, “Tradition and the West Indian Novel” has since appeared in several critical anthologies and marks a key stage in the theoretical project of defining “genuine autonomy” in Caribbean literature. C.L.R. James’s introduction to that essay, first produced as part of a pamphlet for the West Indian Students’ Union in 1964, is included as an Appendix in the New Beacon volume.


Sir Theodore Wilson Harris (born 24 March 1921) is a Guyanese writer. He initially wrote poetry, but has since become a well-known novelist and essayist. His writing style is often said to be abstract and densely metaphorical, and his subject matter wide-ranging. Harris is considered one of the most original and innovative voices in postwar literature in English.