Sunday, September 18, 2016

Une Histoire des Colonies Anglaises aux Antilles: de 1649 à 1660


Watts, Arthur Pryor, Une histoire des colonies anglaises aux Antilles: de 1649 à 1660, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1924? [Très fragile]

Disponible en ligne.

Nécrologie:
Arthur Pryor Watts: Born in Toronto in 1890, Arthur P. Watts, long on the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania passed away in Canada in August of 1959. He served in the United States Army in two wars and was one of the few American professors of French history who held a Docteur ès Lettres degree from the Sorbonne. He was president of the honorary historical society Phi Alpha Theta in 1951 and was much beloved by many students of French history. Friends have begun a Watts Memorial Fund. …

Huasipungo


Icaza, Jorge, Huasipungo, {Prologo De Manuel S. Mainar. Vocabulario Al Final. No Figura Editorial}.

Disponible en línea en formato PDF.

Huasipungo es una novela del escritor ecuatoriano Jorge Icaza Coronel. La historia transcurre en Ecuador en la primera mitad del siglo 20, siendo sus personajes principales los indios de los huasipungos, huasipungos son los ranchos, propiedad de los patrones, en los que habitan estas personas. Es una de las obras más representativas de la literatura indigenista, movimiento que precedió al realismo mágico y que enfatizaba un realismo brutal.


Huasipungo is a 1934 novel by Jorge Icaza (1906-1978) of Ecuador. Huasipungo became a well-known "Indigenist" novel, a movement in Latin American literature that preceded Magical Realism and emphasized brutal realism. Huasipungo is often compared to John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath from 1939, as both are works of social protest. Besides the first edition of 1934, Huasipungo went through two more editions or complete rewritings in Spanish, 1934, 1953, 1960, the first of which was difficult for even natives of other Hispanic countries to read and the last the definitive version. This makes it difficult for the readers to ascertain which version they are reading. Besides being an 'indigenous' novel, Huasipungo has also been considered a proletarian novel, and that is because Latin America had to substitute the Indians for the European working class as a model or character of proletarian literature.


Ver además Huasipungo.

La Enseñanza Superior en España


Rubio, Javier, La Enseñanza Superior en España, Madrid: Editorial Gredos, 1969.

De la Nota Preliminar:
De los cuatro estudios agrupados en esta obra, los dos primeros se refieren a una misma temática: la composición socioeconómica del alumnado de enseñanza superior. Su peso relativo dentro del conjunto quizás sea algo excesivo, pero en todo caso hay buenas razones – que se exponen en las respectivas introducciones – que abonan un tratamiento cuidadoso de esta cuestión. El tercer estudio se centra sobre uno de los problemas más agudos de nuestra enseñanza superior, el del abandono de los estudios; sus conclusiones, aunque provisionales, son probablemente las que más de cerca apuntan a medidas de política educativa de urgente adopción. Finalmente, en el cuarto trabajo se inicia el estudio de le estructura de la enseñanza superior a la luz de factores geográficos, como los del origen del alumnado y la localización de los centros de este nivel de enseñanza.

Saturday, September 17, 2016

Tierra Purpurea


Hudson, Guillermo E. Tierra Purpurea, Buenos Aires: Editorial Guillermo Kraft, Limitada, 1956.

De la última página:
Este libro, titulado “Tierra Purpurea”, fue escrito por Guillermo Enrique Hudson e ilustrado por Enrique Castells Capurro. Se terminó de imprimir en Buenos Aires, en los talleres gráficos de Guillermo Kraft Limitada, sociedad anónima de impresiones generales, el día 30 de febrero de 1956, publicándose bajo el signo editorial de la misma. Dirigió la obra en su aspecto gráfico Don Alberto Kraft. Se imprimieron 25 ejemplares en papel imperial del Japón, numerados del I al XXV; 50 ejemplares en papel verjurado, fabricado especialmente por Nils, Troedson & Co. de Gotemburgo, numerados del XXVI al LXXV. Representan la edición común 5,200 ejemplares en papel off-set, numerados del 1 al 5,200, estando los últimos 200 ejemplares fuera de comercio.
(Este) Ejemplar N. 254.


The Purple Land is a novel set in 19th century Uruguay by William Henry Hudson, first published in 1885 under the title The Purple Land that England Lost.
(…)
Jorge Luis Borges dedicated an essay to The Purple Land in his book Other Inquisitions (1952). He compared Hudson's novel to the Odyssey and described it as perhaps the "best work of gaucho literature". Borges sees the novel as the story of Richard Lamb's gradual "acriollamiento" ("Creolisation"). In other words, Lamb "goes native." To begin with, Lamb looks down on the Uruguayans, with their disorganised political system and lack of law and order and civilised amenities, thinking it would have been better for Uruguay to become part of the British Empire. But he slowly comes to see the advantages of the freedom they enjoy, especially in comparison to the stuffiness of Victorian England. According to Ezequiel Martínez Estrada, who is quoted by Borges, the final pages of the novel contain "the supreme justification of America compared with Western civilisation."

History of Trade Unionism in Guyana - 1900 to 1961


Chase, Ashton, History of Trade Unionism in Guyana - 1900 to 1961, Demerara, Guyana: New Guyana Company, Ltd., 1964.

Mr. Ashton Chase has had a long connection with the trade union movement. At one time he was Assistant Secretary, then General Secretary of the British Guiana Labour Union – the oldest trade union in Guyana. (…) One of the foundation members of the People’s Progressive Party, Mr. Chase was the Minister of Labour, Trade and Industry in the 1953 PPP Government. After the suspension of the Constitution, he wrote the booklet 133 Days Towards Freedom recounting the Party’s achievements during its short term in office.


The People's Progressive Party PPP was founded on 1 January 1950 as a merger of the British Guiana Labour Party led by Forbes Burnham and the Political Affairs Committee led by Cheddi Jagan, and was the first mass party in the country. It was initially a multi-ethnic party supported by workers and intellectuals. The party held its first congress on 1 April 1951. Its third congress was held in 1953, with Burnham unsuccessfully seeking to become party leader. The party went on to win the 1953 elections, taking 18 of the 24 elected seats in the House of Assembly, resulting in Jagan becoming Chief Minister. However, Jagan's radical social reforms led to the British authorities sending in troops shortly after the elections, claiming there was the threat of a Marxist revolution. The PPP government was removed from office and an unelected Interim Legislative Council replaced the House of Assembly. General elections were held in 1957, by which time the PPP had split into two factions, which competed against each other at the elections; the faction led by Jagan won nine seats, whilst the Burnham-led faction won three. Following the elections, Burnham's faction left the party to establish the Afro-Guyanese-dominated People's National Congress (PNC), establishing an ethnic divide between the two parties, with the PPP left representing Indo-Guyanese. The PPP won the 1961 elections by a 1.6% margin, but received almost double the number of seats compared to the PNC, leading to serious inter-racial violence.[6]

The Conquest of Mexico and the Conquest of Peru (Complete and Unabridged in One Volume)


Prescott, William H., The Conquest of Mexico and the Conquest of Peru, (Complete and Unabridged in One Volume), New York: The Modern Library, N.D.

Available online: The History of The Conquest of Mexico, and History of the Conquest of Peru.

William Hickling Prescott (May 4, 1796 – January 28, 1859) was an American historian and Hispanist, who is widely recognized by historiographers to have been the first American scientific historian. Despite suffering from serious visual impairment, which at times prevented him from reading or writing for himself, Prescott became one of the most eminent historians of 19th century America. He is also noted for his eidetic memory.

Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Informe a la Asamblea Legislativa de Puerto Rico sobre Colegios Regionales


Informe a la Asamblea Legislativa de Puerto Rico sobre Colegios Regionales, Universidad de Puerto Rico & Departamento de Instrucción Pública, 26 de febrero de 1962.

La Cuarta Asamblea Legislativa encomendo al Departamento de Instrucción Pública y a la Universidad de Puerto Rico la elaboración de un plan para el establecimiento de centros de enseñanza superior o post-secundario en diversos puntos de Puerto Rico. Este informe responde a esa encomienda.
(Bases...)
1. Existe una marcada e inaceptable discrepancia entre el número de jóvenes que solicitan admisión a estudios universitarios y el número de jóvenes que logran alcanzarla. Durante el año académico 1960-61 la Universidad de Puerto Rico pudo admitir a su primer año un total de 4,127 alumnos, escogidos entre 8,478 solicitantes...


See also Puerto Rico Department of Education.