Saturday, April 14, 2018

Reminiscencias de Sudamérica: Dos años y Medio de Residencia en Venezuela, Apéndice documental de la prensa coetánea


Hawkshaw, John, Reminiscencias de Sudamérica; Dos años y medio de residencia en Venezuela, Apéndice documental de la prensa coetánea, Caracas: Ediciones de la Presidencia de la República, 1975.

De la Introducción:
El libro de Sir John sobre Venezuela, titulado Reminiscences of South America: from two and a half years’ Residence in Venezuela, fue publicado en Londres por Jackson y Walford en 1838. Es un volumen en 8º menor, xii-260 pp., Appendix: 4 fnn. Hackshaw llegó a Venezuela en un momento crucial, cuando la nueva República empezaba a dar los primeros pasos. El país le fascinó, no solo por su belleza física, sino que tomo afecto por sus gentes. Es interesante observar el criterio avanzado, humanitario, e ilustrado que Sir John demuestra al hablar sobre la esclavitud, o sobre la presunta superioridad de la raza blanca sobre las razas de color, que el rechaza con fuertes argumentos. Con serenidad y justeza analiza el carácter de los venezolanos de entonces, y les reconoce sus virtudes sin dejar de anotar honestamente sus defectos.
En ingles:
Sir John Hawkshaw, was an English civil engineer. He served as President of the Institute of Civil Engineers 1862-63. His most noteworthy work is the Severn Tunnel. (…) He was born in Leeds, Yorkshire, the son of Henry Hawkshaw,[1] and was educated at Leeds Grammar School. Before he was 21 he had been engaged for six or seven years in railway engineering and the construction of roads in his native county, and in the year of his majority he obtained an appointment as engineer to the Bolivar Mining Association in Venezuela. But the climate there was more than his health could stand, and in 1834 he was obliged to return to England.

La Contaminación Marina ante el Derecho Internacional: la Protección y Limpieza de los Mares para Nuevos Principios y Normas Jurídico-Internacionales


Nweihed, Kaldone G., La Contaminación Marina ante el Derecho Internacional: la protección y limpieza de los mares para nuevos principios y normas jurídico-internacionales, Caracas: Ediciones de la Presidencia de la Republica, 1978. (firmada por el autor para el Dr. Mathews)

Extracto de la Introducción:
Si se pueden resumir las características fundamentales de las dos secciones de este estudio en los términos más concisos, diríase que la primera trataría de un diagnostico realista, y la segunda de una terapia normativa. Sería la objetiva evaluación de este último aspecto lo que nos permitiría sacar conclusiones validas en torno a la viabilidad de los fundamentos identificados con la ecología, el ecosistema acuático y con la limpieza del medio marino como punto de partida hacia un nuevo Derecho del Mar, más completo, coherente y dinámico. Además del desarrollo progresivo de normas positivas destinadas a recibir la aprobación de la convención internacional como el máximo procedimiento legislativo de la comunidad de Estados, está planteado el problema de la validez de una serie de actos y declaraciones unilaterales y regionales que en virtud de una aplicación constante, tienden precisamente a orientar los nuevos rumbos anunciados, junto con la suma de las normas ya consolidadas en la legislación internacional.

Sunday, April 8, 2018

Bibliografía comentada de la era de Cipriano Castro, 1899-1908


Sullivan, William M., Bibliografía comentada de la era de Cipriano Castro, 1899-1908, Caracas: Biblioteca de Autores y Temas Tachirenses, Volumen 70, 1977.

José Cipriano Castro Ruiz (Capacho Viejo, Táchira, 11 de octubre de 1858 - Santurce, Puerto Rico, 4 de diciembre de 1924) fue un militar y político venezolano que se convirtió en jefe de estado entre 1899 y 1908, primer presidente de facto tras el triunfo de una guerra civil y desde 1901 como presidente constitucional de Venezuela.
(…)
La Revolución Libertadora (1901-1903) fue una guerra civil, en la que una coalición de caudillos encabezados por el banquero Manuel Antonio Matos del Monte, aliados con empresas trasnacionales (New York & Bermúdez Company y la Orinoco Steamship Company, entre otras),3 intentaron derrocar al gobierno de Cipriano Castro.


En inglés:
José Cipriano Castro Ruiz (12 October 1858 – 4 December 1924) was a high-ranking member of the Venezuelan military, politician and the President of Venezuela from 1899 to 1908. He was the first man from the Andes to rule the country, and was the first of five military strongmen from the Andean state of Táchira to rule the country over the next 46 years.
(…)
The Venezuela Crisis of 1902–1903 saw a naval blockade of several months imposed against Venezuela by Britain, Germany and Italy[2] over Castro's refusal to pay foreign debts and damages suffered by European citizens in a recent Venezuelan civil war. Castro assumed that the United States' Monroe Doctrine would see the United States prevent European military intervention, but at the time the government of president Theodore Roosevelt saw the Doctrine as concerning European seizure of territory, rather than intervention per se. With prior promises that no such seizure would occur, the US allowed the action to go ahead without objection. The blockade saw Venezuela's small navy quickly disabled, but Castro refused to give in, and instead agreed in principle to submit some of the claims to international arbitration, which he had previously rejected. Germany initially objected to this, particularly as it felt some claims should be accepted by Venezuela without arbitration.

Guide to the Hispanic American Historical Review, 1946-1955 (Vol. II)


Gibson, Charles, & E. V. Niemeyer, Eds., Guide to the Hispanic American Historical Review, 1946-1955 (Vol. II), Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1958.

See also THIS.

From the Introduction:
This work is the successor to the Guide to the Hispanic American Historical Review, 1918-1945, compiled by Ruth L. Butler and published by Duke University Press in 1950. The earlier volume, which synthesized the first twenty five years of the HAHR, has served us throughout as the model for our present undertaking. Our shorter period and the particular contents of the HAHR during the decade 1946-1955 have allowed us to make some modifications... Our principal aim is to provide rapid digests of the articles and a listing of the reviews is as useful a form as possible. All substantive articles and all books reviews and notices of the period have been included.

Guide to the Hispanic American Historical Review, 1918-1945 (Vol. I)


Butler, Ruth Lapham, Ed., Guide to the Hispanic American Historical Review, 1918-1945 (Vol. I), Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1950.

See also THIS.

From the Prefatory Note:
Time was when readers of the Hispanic American Historical Review could carry a reasonably complete table of contents in their heads. That time is long since past, for the increasing bulk of the file quite precludes any such feat of memory. As a result, many valuable contributions, not to mention the news record of the Hispanic American field in the United States since 1918, lie hidden in a discouraging row of bulky tomes for lack of a guide to their location. This volume is intended to provide such a guide and thereby to transform the more or less dead file of the magazine into a rich and living body of organized material of the greatest usefulness to the scholar and teacher. It should be realized, however, that the present Guide is not a comprehensive index to the subject matter of individual articles and other contributions. Detailed indexes will be found in all but two of the volumes (IV and V), and it has not been considered necessary to duplicate these on a cumulative twenty five year basis. Instead the Guide is intended to supplement the annual indexes.

Estudios Latinoamericanos 3, (Academia de Ciencias de Polonia) [Journal]


Estudios Latinoamericanos 3, Zakland Narodowy im. Ossolinskich – Wydawnictwo, Wroclaw, 1976.

Disponible en línea.

Saturday, March 24, 2018

The Old Gringo


Fuentes, Carlos, The Old Gringo, New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1985.

The Old Gringo is a novel by Carlos Fuentes, written from 1964 to 1984 and first published in 1985. Fuentes stated: "What started this novel was my admiration for Ambrose Bierce and for his Tales of Soldiers and Civilians. I was fascinated with the idea of a man who fought in the United States Civil War and dies in a Mexican civil war."[1] The novel addresses themes of death, cultural exchange, and Mexican identity, among others. Its English-language translation became the first novel by a Mexican author to become a U.S. bestseller.[2] The book was one of three nominees for the Ritz Paris Hemingway Award as best novel of 1985.[3]