Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Under the Waters of Mexico


Bush Romero, Pablo, Under the Waters of Mexico, New York: Carlton Press Inc., 1964.

Chapter 2 available online.

From the Cover:
An account of Pablo Bush Romero's life reads much like a Baedeker of adventure, for the author has led an active and varied life dominated by his great love of the outdoors. Photographer, big game hunter, lecturer, explorer, sportsman, writer, businessman-all these apply to him, and one more: humanitarian. For Mr. Romero is a member of many civic and historical associations, and has received various awards from such organizations as the Boy Scouts of America, the Tennessee Archaeological Society, and the National Geographic Society.

Studies in Human Ecology


Palerm, Angel, Eric R. Wolf, Waldo R. Wedel, Betty J. Meggers, Jacques M. May, Lawrence Krader, Studies in Human Ecology; a series of lectures given at the Anthropological Society of Washington, Washington D.C.: Pan American Union, 1957.

Contents:
Ecological potential and cultural development in Mesosamerica, by Angel Palerm and Eric R. Wolf.

The Central North American grassland: man-made or ntural?, by Waldo R. Wedel.

Environment and culture in the Amazon Basin, an appraisal of the theory of environmental determinism, by Betty J. Meggers.

The ecology of human disease, by Jacques M. May.

Culture and environment in Interior Asia, by Lawrence Krader.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Peregrinaje por el País de la Libertad Racional, 1783-1784


De Miranda, Francisco, Peregrinaje por el país de la libertad racional, 1783-1784: diario de viajes a través de los Estados Unidos, Caracas: Oficina Central de Información, Dirección de Publicaciones, 1976.(parcialmente destruido por comején)

De las paginas introductorias:
Aparece esta obra en cumplimiento del Decreto Ejecutivo No. 1,613, de fecha 8 de Junio de 1976, por el cual Venezuela se asocia al júbilo de los Estados Unidos con ocasión del Bicentenario de su Independencia. Sobre los documentos del glorioso Precursor Francisco de Miranda – quien viajo por la república norteña recién constituida en los años 1783 y 1784 - , ha realizado un trabajo altamente meritorio la acreditada mirandista Josefina Rodríguez de Alonso, Consejera de nuestra Embajada en Paris. La entusiasta acuciosidad y la competencia de la galardonada escritora y académica, nos permite disfrutar de este admirable e histórico compendio de observaciones que sobre la entonces naciente federación del Norte nos dejó el sagaz hijo de Caracas, adelantando en la causa de la unidad latinoamericana.
(…)
Su interés por conocer en detalle el proceso de la revolución americana, se encuentra sintetizado en esta frase de John Adams, segundo presidente norteamericano: “Era opinión general en Estados Unidos que Miranda sabia más de cada campaña, sitio, batalla o escaramuza que había tenido lugar durante la guerra que cualquier oficial de nuestro ejército o miembro de nuestro Congreso”.


During his time in the United States, Miranda made a critical study of its military defenses, which demonstrated extensive knowledge of the development of American conflict and circumstances. While there, Miranda prepared and fixed a correspondence technique, used for the rest of his journey: he would meet people through the gift or loan of books, and examine the culture and customs of the places through which he passed in a methodical way[4]. Passing through Charleston, Philadelphia, and Boston, he dealt with different characters in American society. In New York City he met the prominent and politically connected Livingston family. Apparently Miranda had a romantic relationship with Susan Livingston, daughter of Chancellor Livingston. Although Miranda wrote to her for years, he never saw her again after leaving New York. During his time in the United States, Miranda met with many important people. He was personally acquainted with George Washington in Philadelphia. He also met General Henry Knox[4], Thomas Paine, Alexander Hamilton[4], Samuel Adams, and Thomas Jefferson. He also visited various institutions of the new nation that impressed him such as the Library of Newport and Princeton College, Rhode Island College and Cambridge College.

Un Hombre Llamado Rómulo Betancourt: Apreciaciones Críticas Sobre su Vida y su Obra


Betancourt, Rómulo, Un hombre llamado Rómulo Betancourt: apreciaciones críticas sobre su vida y su obra, Caracas: Catalá/Centauro/Editores, 1975. (afectado por comején)

De la Nota del Editor:
La primera parte de este libro contiene casi íntegramente los textos de nuestra edición de 1948 – Ediciones Caribe – con el título de Rómulo Betancourt, Semblanza de un Político Popular, y de la reimpresión ampliada que hiciera la Editorial SUMA en 1958, bajo el título de Rómulo Betancourt, Interpretación de su Doctrina Popular y Democrática. La segunda parte incluye todos los materiales de nuestra edición de 1971 – Ediciones Centauro – con el título de El General Betancourt y Otros Escritos. Al final se agregan textos de épocas distintas, también producidos por figuras de significación en los campos de la política y las letras de Venezuela y otros países.

Social Science Trends in Latin America


Davis, Harold, Social Science Trends in Latin America, Washington DC: American University Press, 1950.

Reviewed in Foreign Affairs.

Obituary of the author in The New York Times.

About the author (from the book):
Formerly Dean of Hiram College, Professor Harold E. Davis is now Chairman of the Division of Social Studies and Director of Inter-American Studies at The American University. Through extensive travel in Latin America and through his work as Director of the Division of Education and Teacher Aids of the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs he has been in close contact with Latin American scholars for many years.

Saturday, June 24, 2017

The Making of the Good Neighbor Policy


Wood, Bryce, The Making of the Good Neighbor Policy, New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1967.

Reviewed in Pacific Historical Review © 1962.

Reviewed in The Journal of Conflict Resolution © 1962.

From the Preface:
This book attempts to delineate the rationale of the Good Neighbor policy. It came to be written out of an interest in the nature and limits of enduring, pacific, political relationships between the United States, as a great power, and the Latin American countries, as lesser powers, in the period from 1926 to 1943. The chief problems with which it deals are those of the origins and consequences of the formal and unreserved abandonment of the use of force by the United States in its relations with Latin American countries. These relations did not develop haphazardly after 1926; they were guided at first by impulses and later by political ideas that began to take the shape of principles with the sharpening of appreciation of the nature of this interstate society from which coercion was banned.

Venezuela


Lieuwen, Edwin, Venezuela, 2nd Edition, London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Reviewed in The Americas.

From the Preface:
I lived in Caracas in 1950 and 1951, during which time I had an opportunity to visit all twenty states, all the major cities, and every oilfield and refinery. One by-product of this sojourn was my book Petroleum in Venezuela, published by the University of California Press in 1954. I visited Venezuela again during 1956. Over the past decade I have had good opportunities to follow closely the extraordinarily rapid political, social, and economic changes that have characterized Venezuela's recent history, either from my United States government posts dealing with Latin American affairs (1952-3, 1955-7) or from my academic employment as Professor of Modern Latin American History (1953-5, and 1957 to the present time). I also keep up a steady correspondence with my many good Venezuelan friends.


Edwin Lieuwen (February 8, 1923 – May 25, 1988) was an American historian, professor, and author. His area of expertise was focused on Latin America. His work was a major precursor to the establishing of the Latin American Institute.