Saturday, January 29, 2011

Estados Unidos y América Latina, siglo XIX

Medina Castro, Manuel, Estados Unidos y América Latina, Siglo XIX La Habana: Casa de las Américas, 1968.

De la portada (escrito por Mier Febles):
Estados Unidos y América Latina, siglo XIX» de Manuel Medina Castro, es un ensayo que se distingue por sus cualidades indispensables a un estudio de este género: delimitación precisa del tema, amplia documentación y preocupación por estudiar los hechos y los datos históricos con objetividad. El tema tratado es de indudable vigencia, porque desentraña acontecimientos históricos de América Latina, en que la mayoría de nuestros pueblos transitaron dramáticamente —burlada su gloriosa gesta independentista— del colonialismo a la dependencia neocolonial impuesta por la expansión de Estados Unidos, que, abanderados con la doctrina Monroe, lejos de proponerse impedir la improbable reconquista europea, apuntaban desembozadamente a su pleno dominio al Sur de Río Grande. La riqueza de materiales aportados es tan considerable, que por este solo hecho el trabajo puede ser como un modelo a seguir por los estudiosos de los problemas latinoamericanos. El autor aporta una contribución importante en documentos oficiales y valiosos testimonios, para toda búsqueda futura sobre el tema tratado, con lo que ofrece a los estudiosos un instrumento preciso para su desarrollo. Esta obra deberá ser tenida en cuenta y ser considerada un punto de referencia obligatorio para la investigación de este tema, que cobra hoy gran interés para el cabal conocimiento del proceso de integración neocolonialista y sus peculiaridades en Latinoamérica. El dominio que demuestra el autor sobre una variada gama de materiales, hace de la obra un documento singular, al mantener una fluidez y un ritmo que no se encuentran fácilmente en trabajos de esta naturaleza

Premio Casa de las Américas en Ensayo (1968).

Latin American Political Thought and. Ideology

Jorrin, Miguel & John D. Martz, Latin American Political Thought and Ideology, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.

Review in The Journal of Politics.

Review in Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science ©1971 American Academy of Political and Social Science.

The Gold of Ophir: Travels, Myths, and Legends in the New World

Dahlberg, Edward, The Gold of Ophir: Travels, Myths, and Legends in the New World, New York: E.P. Dutton & Co. Inc., 1972.

From the cover flap:
In addition to his own essay, Mr. Dahlberg has chosen from the books of his magnificent personal library four other "treasures of the tongue," all but unknown today, to instruct and delight. The first account of Columbus' explorations, De Orbe Novo by Peter Martyr, is one of these. The others are: central chapters from the first great work on the Aztecs, A History of Ancient Mexico by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun; important sections from the great anthropologist Adolf F. Bandelier's work on the descendants of the Incas, The Islands of Titicaca and Koati; and a substantial part of the irreplaceable Myths of the New World by Daniel G. Brinton, which concentrates on the North American Indians.

Edward Dahlberg, American writer of fiction, poetry, and criticism, was born in Boston in 1900. After a tumultuous early childhood, he was placed by his mother in the Jewish Orphan Asylum in Cleveland, where he remained until 1917. Dahlberg then joined the army and later worked as a day laborer while wandering the American West. In 1921, he enrolled at the University of California, Berkeley, where he majored in philosophy and anthropology, before transferring to Columbia University to complete his degree.

Edward Dahlberg papers.

The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics

Finer, S.E., The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics, New York & London: Frederick Praeger, 1962.

In Questia.

In Google Books.

Reviewed in Desarrollo Económico ©1963 Instituto de Desarrollo Económico y Social.

Reviewed in The Journal of Modern African Studies.

Sunday, January 23, 2011

Caribbean Historical Review, Nos. I, II, III & IV

Williams, Eric (Editor), Caribbean Historical Review, No.I December 1950; No. II, December 1951, Nos. III-IV, December 1954.

No. I
Arturo Morales Carrion - "Eighteenth Century Puerto Rico in Diplomacy and War".
Eric Williams - "The Negro Slave Trade in Anglo-Spanish Relations".
Richard Hart - "Cudjoe and the First Maroon War in Jamaica".
Bruce Hamilton - "Barbados and British West Indian Confederation, 1871-1885".
Andre Midas - "Victor Schoelcher and Emancipation in the French West Indies".
Lou Lichtveld - "Educational Problems in Bilingual Countries in the Caribbean".
David K. Easton - "Preliminary Survey of the Archives of Tobago".

No. II
Luis M. Diaz Soler - "The Abolition of Slavery in Puerto Rico".
Alan S. Brown - "The British Expedition to the St. John's River and the Lake of Nicaragua, 1779-1780".
Bruce Hamilton - "Barbados and British West Indian Confederation, 1871-1885" (II).
Raymond W. Beachey - "The Period of Prosperity in the British West Indian Sugar Industry and the Continental Bounty System, 1865-1884".
Alice R. Stewart - "Documents on Canadian - West Indian Relations, 1883-1885".
Sidney W. Mintz - "The Role of Forced Labour in Nineteenth Century Puerto Rico".
Eric Williams - "The Caribbean Bookshelf: The Sugar Economy of the Caribbean".

General Sir Hubert Rance - "Towards a Federation of the British West Indies".
Eric Williams (select documents) - "The Historical Background of British West Indies Federation".
Thomas Mathews - "The Project for a Confederation of the Greater Antilles".
R. Van Lier - "Negro Slavery in Surinam".
D. G. Hall - "The Social and Economic Background to Sugar in Slave Days (With Special Reference to Jamaica)".
R. W. Beachey - "Sugar Technology in the British West Indies in the Late Nineteenth Century".
H.O.B. Wooding - "The 1954 Commonwealth Relations Conference and Its Significance for the British West Indies".
Eric Williams - "A Bibliography of Caribbean History, A Preliminary Essay, Part I: 1492 - 1898".
A. P. Thornton - "Some Statistics of West Indian Produce, Shipping and Revenue, 1660 - 1685".

Piratas de América (2 libros)

Esquemeling, John & Basil Ringrose, Piratas de América, Buenos Aires: Edit. Colombia, s.f. (carpeta blanda muy deteriorada)

Exquemelin, A.O., Piratas de América, Barcelona: Barral Deitores, 1971.

From The New York Times, published April 10, 1910:
John Esquemeling was a Flemish sailor who in 1666 sailed for the Tortugas in a French ship belonging to the West India Company. The expedition proving a failure, he, with all his crew, was sold, according to custom, into slavery. A generous master allowed him to pursue his liberty for a stipulated sum out of his future earnings, and, being at a loss for any other method of livlihood, he "determined", in his own words, "to enter into the wicked order of the Pirates or Robbers at Sea."

John Esquemeling was a member of Henry Morgan's pirate band, and an eye witness of the incidents related. Although not definitely known, the author of the capture of Porto Bello and the burning of Panama, is thought to have been from The Netherlands as his account first appeared in the Dutch language. It was later translated into Spanish and then into English. The English translation appeared as a part of the book called The Buccaneers of America, published by Swan Sonnenschein & Co., of London. The author's account is both graphic and picturesque and is written in the third person. With the exception of a few instances where he speaks of the extraordinary exploits of the English under Morgan, as matters of course, he has taken no sides, and is as prone to criticize his leader, as any individual on the opposite side.

Independence In Latin America

Graham, Richard, Independence In Latin America: A Comparative Approach, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1972.

The Hispanic American Historical Review

Richard Graham (born 1934 in Goiás, Brazil) is a historian specializing in nineteenth-century Brazil. He was formerly Professor of History, University of Texas at Austin, and is now professor emeritus there.

Alejandro O'Reilly en las Indias

Torres Ramírez, Bibiano, Alejandro O'Reilly en las Indias, Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos, 1969.(dos copias)

El Conde Alejandro O'Reilly (Dublín, 1722 – Bonete, Albacete, 23 de marzo de 1794), nacido Alexander O'Reilly, fue el segundo gobernador español de la Luisiana colonial, mariscal de campo y capitán general de Andalucía.

Alejandro O'Reilly (1722, Dublin, Ireland - March 23, 1794, Bonete, Spain [1]) (English: Alexander O'Reilly), was a military reformer and Inspector-General of Infantry for the Spanish Empire in the second half of the 18th century. O'Reilly served as the second Spanish governor of colonial Louisiana, being the first Spanish official to actually exercise power in the Louisiana territory after France ceded it to Spain. (...) In 1765, Carlos III sent Field Marshal Alejandro O'Reilly to Puerto Rico, to assess the state of the defenses of that colony. O'Reilly, known today as the "father of the Puerto Rican militia," took a very complete census of the island and recommended numerous reforms, including the instilling of strict military discipline in the local troops. He insisted that the men serving the defense of the realm receive their pay regularly and directly, rather than indirectly from their commanding officers, a long-standing practice that had led to abuses. [7] Some of O'Reilly's recommendations resulted in a massive 20-year program of building up the Castle of Old San Juan, now a World Heritage Site.

Análisis: revista de educación superior investigación ciencia y cultura / OPSU

Oficina de Planificación del Sector Universitario, Análisis: Revista de Educación Superior Investigación Ciencia y Cultura / OPSU, Vol. 3 no. 1 (1994)

Sardi, Manlio, "Nuevas Políticas del Consejo Nacional de Universidades sobre la Creación de Instituciones".
Bosquet, Carmn J., "Conjuntos Universitarios en Venezuela".
Sarco Lira, Amalio & Mario Bonucci Rossini, "La Política Nacional de Admisión a la Educación Superior en Venezuela".
Llanos de la Hoz, Silvio & Roger Godoy Castro, "Indicadores Macroeconómicos y sus Relaciones con Indicadores de las Universidades Nacionales".
Villarroel, César & Elizabeth Mejías, "Evaluación Institucional de las Universidades".
Da Silva de Anteri, Yolanda, "Aspectos Económicos Financieros de las Universidades Nacionales".
Perozo de Maldonado, Migdalia, "Algunas Experiencias de Tecnologia en Venezuela".

Monday, January 17, 2011

The Modernization of Puerto Rico

Wells, Henry, The Modernization of Puerto Rico: A Political Study of Changing Values and Institutions, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1969. [2 copies]

Henry Wells (December 15, 1914 - October 1, 2007) was an American author, professor and leading expert on Latin America politics. Wells helped to draft the Constitution of Puerto Rico and advised the Dominican Republic on proper election procedures for the Organization of American States.[1] Additionally, Wells worked as international election observer in Honduras, Costa Rica, Bolivia and Nicaragua.

Reviewed by Dr. Thomas Mathews in Caribbean Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Apr., 1970), pp. 124-127.

Reviewed by Rafael Hernández Colón in Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 86, No. 1 (Mar., 1971), pp. 126-128.

Puerto Rico: A Colonial Experiment

Carr, Raymond, Puerto Rico: A Colonial Experiment, New York: Vintage Books, 1984. (2 copies)

Reviewed in Foreign Affairs.

Sir Albert Raymond Maillard Carr FBA FRHS FRSL (born 11 April 1919), known as Raymond Carr, is an English historian specializing in the history of Spain, Latin America, and Sweden who was Warden of St Antony's College, Oxford, from 1968 to 1987.

Review and Commentary by Angel I. Rivera in JLAS.

La trata de negros por Cartagena de Indias.

Palacios Preciado, Jorge, La Trata de Negros por Cartagena de Indias, Tunja, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, 1973. (another copy in box 3)

Citado en El comercio y mercado de negros esclavos en Cartagena de Indias (1533-1850).

La preocupación por organizar los archivos históricos con las más modernas técnicas, para conservar y dar a conocer las fuentes documentales, que son los testimonios del pasado, se estimuló en Colombia a partir de las dos últimas décadas del siglo XX con la obra del historiador Jorge Palacios Preciado (1940-2003), natural de Tibasosa (Boyacá), recientemente fallecido en Bogotá, quien se distinguió en los campos de historia, archivística y educación.

South America Called Them

von Hagen, Victor Wolfgang, South America Called Them: Explorations of the great naturalists: La Condamine, Humboldt, Darwin, Spruce, New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce; Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1955.

Victor Wolfgang von Hagen (February 29, 1908 - March 8, 1985) was an American explorer, archaeological historian, anthropologist, and travel writer who traveled the South Americas with his wife (Christine, later Silvia). Mainly between 1940 and 1965, he published a large number of widely acclaimed books about the ancient people of the Inca, Maya, and Aztecs.

PDF version

Historia de las relaciones internacionales de la República Dominicana

Mũnoz, Maria Elena, Historia de las relaciones internacionales de la República Dominicana; El Colonialismo Europeo y La Historia de la Relaciones Domínico-Haitianas, Tomo 1, Santo Domingo: Editora de la UASD, 1979. [2 copias]

María Elena Muñoz es historiadora y doctora en Derecho Internacional. La doctora Muñoz estudió Historia en la Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, hizo un doctorado en Relaciones Internacionales en el Colegio de México, y otro doctorado en Derecho Público en la Sorbona de París. Representó a su país en diversos cargos, tales como Embajadora, Canciller y encargada de diversas comisiones de asuntos haitianos y africanos.

El Pueblo Dominicano: 1850-1900

Hoetink, Harry, El Pueblo Dominicano: 1850-1900, Apuntes para su Sociologia Historica, Santiago, Dominican Republic: Ediciones UCMM, 1971. (second copy in box 3)

Review in Caribbean Studies

A Bibliography, 1931 - 2005

Review in Latin American Research Review

Saturday, January 15, 2011

A historical geography of the British colonies

Lucas, Charles Prestwood, A historical geography of the British Colonies, Vol. II, Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1890. [Hardcover]

Review in The Political Science Quarterly

Wikipedia entry for Sir Charles Prestwood Lucas K.C.B., K.C.M.G. (1853-1931)

Richard Schomburgk's Travels in British Guiana, 1840-1844

Roth, Walter E. (translator), Richard Schomburgk's Travels in British Guiana, 1840-1844, Vol. I, Georgetown: Daily Chronicle Office, 1922.

Text in

Shomburgk, Robert Hermann (1804-1865) - English traveler, a German by birth. In the years 1835-1844 investigated Guiana Plateau and crosses the river (mainly Essequibo) (...) London Geographic Society invited him to conduct a comprehensive study British Guiana. But because its borders had not yet been established even approximately, in the course of his work, Robert Shomburgk widely parted scope of the territory investigated, finding the most advantageous length of England its boundaries the only colony in South America. He took his assistant's younger brother Richard (Richard) Shomburgka, who accompanied Robert in all journeys the country and has proven very valuable employee in the collection of materials, and in processing. Richard is particularly interested in botany and in this scientific field proved to be a fully independent researcher. (...) In 1840 saw the publication of their book Geographical and statistical description British Guiana, in 1841, two books by Robert Shomburgka: Travels in Guiana and the Orinoco in the years 1835-1839. Paintings and interior regions of Guyana. Richard Shomburgk published a three-volume work Travels in British Guiana in 1840-1844 gg. (Leipzig, 1847-1848). Working in outlying areas British Guiana, the brothers have collected abundant materials for the establishment of not only east of the Netherlands Guiana, but the southern and western borders with Brazil and Venezuela.

The West Indies and the Spanish Main

Rodway, James, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, London: T. Fischer Unwin, 1896.

From a review in the New York Times (Published: April 18, 1896):
Mr. Rodway, however, is not a poet or even a tourist, but a West Indian planter, apparently, and his book is not designed to furnish entertainment, but to accomplish the somewhat belated purpose of convincing the public, first, that African slaves were necessary to the prosperity and even the existence of West Indian plantations, and in the next place to show that slavery was no such terrible thing as long-distance philanthropy made out.

From the Introduction:
The story of the West Indies and Spanish Main is one to stir the hearts of many nations. The shores of the Caribbean Sea have been the scene of marvellous adventures, of intense struggles between races and peoples, of pain, trouble, and disaster of almost every description. No wonder that the romance writer has laid his scenes upon its beautiful islands and deep blue waters, for nowhere in the world, perhaps, could he find such a wealth of incident. From "Robinson Crusoe" to Marryat's genial stories, and down to "Westward Ho!" and "Treasure Island," old and young have been entranced for many generations with its stories of shipwrecks, pirates, sea-fights, and treasure-seekers. Yet with all this the field has not been exhausted, for hardly a year passes without a new romance dealing more or less with the "Indies."

The West Indies and the Guianas

Waddell D.A.G., The West Indies and the Guianas New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1967.

From the author's Preface:
This book is an essay in the regional approach to West Indian history. In the past, the history of the Caribbean area was written mainly from the point of view of the imperial history of the various colonizing powers. In recent years, however, West Indian history has come to be studied and taught as an integral part of the West Indian educative process, and many of the of the professional historians who have merged in the area itself have taken the view that a more meaningful interpretation of the West Indian past can be presented by treating the whole region as a unit for historical investigation. Following this trend, I have tried to analyze the general historical factors that have influenced the area as a whole and to compare their impact on different places, rather than to give a systematic account of individual territories or of the possessions of each of the imperial powers. But because of my interest in the Commonwealth, the British territories have been given somewhat fuller treatment where this has been possible within the regional conception of the study.

Dominican Reality: Biographical Sketch of a Country and a Regime

Balaguer, Joaquin, Dominican Reality: Biographical Sketch of a Country and a Regime, trans. Mary Gilland, Mexico City, 1949.

Wikipedia in English.

Friday, January 7, 2011

M.G. Lewis, Journal of a West India Proprietor, 1815-17

Wilson, Mona, Ed. M.G. Lewis, Journal of a West India Proprietor, 1815-17, Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1929. [Hardback]

Matthew Gregory Lewis was the firstborn child of Matthew and Frances Maria Sewell Lewis. His father, Matthew Lewis was the son of William Lewis and Jane Gregory. He was born in Jamaica in 1750. He attended Westminster School before proceeding to Christ Church, Oxford where he received his bachelor’s degree in 1769 and his master’s in 1772. That same year, he was appointed as the Chief Clerk in the War Office. The following year, Lewis married Frances Maria Sewell, a young woman who was very popular at court. She was the third daughter born to Sir Thomas Sewell and was one of eight children born in his first marriage. Her family, like Lewis’, had connections with Jamaica. As a child, she spent her time in Ottershaw. In December 1775, in addition to his post as the Chief Clerk in the War Office, Lewis became the Deputy-Secretary at War. With one exception, he was the first to hold both positions at that same time (and earning both incomes). Lewis owned considerable property in Jamaica, within four miles of Savanna-la-Mer, or Savanna-la-Mar, which was hit by a devastating earthquake and hurricane in 1779. His son would later inherit this property.[1]
The death of his father in 1812 left him with large fortune, and in 1815 he set off for the West Indies to visit his estates; in the course of this tour, which lasted four months, the Journal of a West India Proprietor, published posthumously in 1834, was written. A second visit to Jamaica was undertaken in 1817, in the hope of becoming more familiar with, and able to ameliorate, the condition of the slave population. However, the fatigues to which he exposed himself in the tropical climate brought on yellow fever which resulted in his death during the homeward voyage back to England. He was buried at sea.

Google Books: Matthew G Lewis Journal of a West India Proprietor

Los archivos secretos vaticanos y la masonería: motivos políticos de una condena pontificia

Ferrer Benimeli, José Antonio, Los archivos secretos vaticanos y la masonería: motivos políticos de una condena pontificia, Caracas: Universidad Católica "Andres Bello", Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas, 1976.

José Antonio Ferrer Benimeli, sacerdote jesuita, historiador, uno de los mayores conocedores de la historia de la masonería española. Autor de numerosas publicaciones.

J. A. Ferrer Benimeli, experto en masonería

Latin America, a Selective Guide to Publications in English

Humphreys, R.A., Latin America, a Selective Guide to Publications in English, London & New York: Royal Institute of Internationals Affairs, 1949.

The Hispanic American Historical Review

Western Political Quarterly

An Interview with R. A. Humphreys

Recognition of Governments in the Americas

Neumann, Jr., William L., Recognition of Governments in the Americas, Washington, D. C.: Foundation for Foreign Affairs, 1947.

Review in the Western Political Quarterly

Waldo Frank in America Hispana

Instituto de las Españas, Waldo Frank in America Hispana, Lancaster, PA.: Lancaster Press, Inc., 1930.

Waldo Frank (August 25, 1889 – January 9, 1967) was a prolific novelist, historian, literary and social critic. Most well-known for his studies of Spanish and Latin American literature, Frank served as chairman of the First Americans Writers Congress (April 26-27, 1935) and became the first president of the League of American Writers.

En Español.

Founded in 1920 as the Instituto de las Españas, the Hispanic Institute at Columbia University is a scholarly and cultural center whose aims are to disseminate research on Iberian and Latin American cultures culture in all their manifestations and to promote academic and social events that showcase new contributions to Latin American and Iberian cultural production in Europe, Latin America, and the United States.

Readings in Latin American Civilization

Wilgus, A. Curtis, Readings in Latin American Civilization, New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1946 [Paperback]

Dr. A. Curtis Wilgus served as professor of Latin American history at the University of Florida, where he organized and directed the School of Inter-American Studies. Prior to moving to Florida, he taught at the University of South Carolina and George Washington University. Wilgus authored many books and articles on Latin America and was appointed by President John F. Kennedy to the board of foreign scholarships as coordinator in the Office of Inter-American Affairs.

University of Miami Special Collections: A. Curtis Wilgus papers, 1901-1981

Tuesday, January 4, 2011

The Development of the British West Indies 1700-1763

Pitman, Frank Wesley,The Development of the British West Indies 1700-1763, United States: Frank Cass & Co., 1967.

From the Preface:
In this book, which in its original form was a doctoral dissertation, I have attempted an investigation of industrial and social conditions in the British West Indies in the effort to reach a better understanding of the part those islands played in the growth and dissolution of the empire. In the seventeenth century the British sugar islands served as an adequate market for northern produce and furnished tropical commodities in abundance for northern consumption and commerce. But the habit of free access to the foreign West Indies, especially in the first quarter of the eighteenth century, enormously stimulated the growth of North American industries and commerce. America was fast outgrowing, therefore, the empire to which mercantilists and West India planters desired to confine its trade. America's progress and insistence upon free trade conflicted more and more with the interests and aims of British sugar planters. The latter, in an attempt to cheapen plantation supplies, monopolize the British and American sugar markets, and embarrass their rivals, secured the passage of the well-known Molasses and Sugar Acts discouraging all commerce with the foreign West Indies. It is conceivable that even this legislation might have been tolerable to North America if it had been accompanied with adequate territorial expansion in the tropics. But the peace
of Paris revealed the government's intention of maintaining the boundaries of British dominion in the West Indies at substantially the old limits. Finally, the subsequent reforms in colonial administration made clear the determination to enforce all restrictions on colonial commerce. This course led straight to revolution. The interests and aims of American merchants and West India planters were clearly incompatible.

Thus the eighteenth was in general a century of restraint in politics and commerce for the British West Indies. Its history, despite a record of imposing wealth and growth in maritime strength, is wrapt in an atmosphere almost of pathos. For the settlement of the tropics was often a straggle with nature in her most violent moods. The jungle, earthquakes, hurricanes, disease, and an enervating climate seemed at times irresistible foes to the men who came to extract wealth from the soil. That end was achieved but seldom by small proprietors from the lower middle class of England. The production of sugar required above all an enormous outlay of capital, an abundant supply of the most expensive form of labor, slaves, and industrial organization on a large scale. When British capitalists with such equipment entered the field the small farmers could not hope to compete. The Anglo-Saxon society in the West Indies of the mid-seventeenth century gradually decayed. Great numbers died in the struggle with nature, many migrated, and others merged with the negroes and were lost to the white race.

The Winds of Revolution: Latin America Today and Tomorrow

Szulc, Tad, The Winds of Revolution: Latin America Today and Tomorrow, New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1963.

Tad Szulc Collection of Interview Transcripts, 1984-1986 | University of Miami Cuban Heritage Collection:
Journalist and commentator Tad Szulc was born in Warsaw, Poland on July 25, 1926 to Janina Baruch and Seweryn Szulc. In 1947, Szulc immigrated to the United States and became a naturalized citizen in 1954. Based in Spain, Latin America, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia, Szulc has had a long and distinguished career as a New York Times reporter and foreign correspondent.

Having attended the University of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro from 1943 to 1945, his first of many professional assignments was as a reporter for the Associated Press in Rio. In 1948 he married Marianne Carr, with whom he has two children: Nicole and Anthony. From 1949 to 1953, Szulc moved back to the United States where he served as United Nations correspondent for United Press International (UPI). Between 1953 and 1969, Szulc was a New York Times foreign correspondent throughout Europe, America, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. In 1969 he was assigned to the newspaper's Washington Bureau.

Latin America: The Early Years

Cespedes, Guillermo, Latin America: The Early Years (Studies in world civilization), New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.

From the Preface:
This essay is an attempt to offer a concise and balanced view of the first episode in the Europeanization of the Americas: the founding and consolidation of the earliest modern colonial system. The main protagonists of this endeavor were the Iberians, but important contributions were made by other peoples of Western Europe, West Africa, and - last but not least - the aboriginal Americans.

Sobre el autor:
Guillermo Céspedes del Castillo. (Teruel, 1 de agosto de 1920-Madrid, 15 de octubre de 2006). Historiador americanista español. Es considerada la máxima autoridad en las instituciones políticas, la sociedad y economía de la América Virreinal. Académico de la Historia desde 1990.

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review.

A House for Mr. Biswas

Naipaul, V.S.A House for Mr. Biswas London: Andre Deutsch, 1961. [Hardcover]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
A House for Mr Biswas is a 1961 novel by V. S. Naipaul, significant as Naipaul's first work to achieve acclaim worldwide. It is the story of Mr Mohun Biswas, an Indo-Trinidadian who continually strives for success and mostly fails, who marries into the Tulsi family only to find himself dominated by it, and who finally sets the goal of owning his own house. Drawing some elements from the life of Naipaul's father[1][2], the work is primarily a sharply-drawn look at life that uses postcolonial perspectives to view a vanished colonial world.

Economy and Development: System Policy Principles of Economic Policy

Thesing, Josef, Economy and Development: System Policy Principles of Economic Policy, Germany: v. Hase und Kohler, 1979.

From the Preface:
The Konrad Adenauer Foundation hereby puts forward a publication containing contributions by German experts on certain fundamental questions of economic policy. It is our hope that this English publication will make a contribution to the debate, that it will make available to the interested reader in other countries experiences, problems, developments and concepts encountered by us in the Federal Republic of Germany. And it is our hope that this book will find attentive and critical readers.

I should like here to express my most cordial gratitude to Professor Anton Rauscher, the Director of the Catholic Central Office for Social Sciences in Monchengladbach who so kindly granted us the translation rights for the articles by Josef Oelinger, Albrecht Langner, Johannes Messner, Ulrich Wagner and Bernhard Kulp, published in the series of his research institute. With special gratitude I here recall Professor Alfred Muller-Armack, the great German economist who died on 16th Mar 1978. He had readily given his consent to the translation of his articles, largely becauss his international work had led him to realize the impotance of an international exchange of ideas.

Professor Watrin's article was first published in German in "Der Spat kapitalismus und sein Publikum" Stuttgart 1976. I should liks to thank the publishers and Protessor WatHn for allowing it to be translated.