Wednesday, November 28, 2012

Contemporary Latin America: A Short History

Hanke, Lewis, Contemporary Latin America: A Short History, Princeton, N.J.: D. Van Nostrand Company Inc., 1968.

Reviewed in The Americas © 1969.

Reviewed in Bulletin of Hispanic Studies.

From the author’s Preface:
My effort has been …to present in the text what appear to me to be the essential facts and the important developments. The documents, many of them written by Latin Americans, have been selected to reinforce and illuminate the text. They constitute a small but I believe representative selection from the literature available. A statement on the “sources of Information on Contemporary Latin America” has been added to guide the reader to other writings, because, like many authors, I cherish the hope that this introduction will stimulate more study of a region and peoples of permanent concern to our citizens…

The Gilberto Freyre Reader

Shelby, Barbara, (translator) The Gilberto Freyre Reader, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.

Reviewed in Review: Literature and Arts of the Americas, Volume 9, Issue 16, 1975.

Publisher’s note:
The English version of Seleta para Jovens departs slightly from the Brazilian original selected and arranged by Maria Elisa Dias Collier and Gilberto Freyre. Some of the notes and text have been deleted and replaced by material more useful to the English language reader. This has been accomplished with the assistance of the translator, Barbara Shelby, and by permission and agreement of the author, Gilberto Freyre.

Revels in Jamaica, 1682-1838

Wright, Richardson Little,Revels in Jamaica, 1682-1838: plays and players of a century, tumblers and conjurors, musical refugees and solitary showmen, dinners, balls and cockfights, darky mummers and other memories of high times and merry hearts, New York, Dodd, Mead & Co., 1937.

From the authors’ Preface:
This meandering into the past of Jamaican social life, and particularly as to its theatre, was first begun out of curiosity. It has led over so many roads that now, after nine years of leisurely research, the story of its progress has become a journal of travel.


Retracing these trails has demanded the intimate reading of several histories of the island, the records of parishes, the acts and minutes of the Assembly and the Legislative Council; searching the tax rolls, death and birth records, and the wills preserved in the island Record Office at Spanish Town, and such published and manuscript diaries and memorandum books as remain; and the careful scanning of all Jamaican newspapers printed in the eighteenth century and the first third of the nineteenth – at least of such copies of them as have survived fire, earthquake, flood, hurricane, the devouring worm, and just plain common neglect.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Compact of Permanent Union between Puerto Rico and the United States

Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Puerto Rico, Compact of Permanent Union between Puerto Rico and the United States: Report of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Puerto Rico, October, 1975.

The Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Puerto Rico was established on September 27, 1973, with members appointed by the President and the Governor of Puerto Rico; an executive staff; and one representative of the President. Actually the second such group resulting from a 1967 plebiscite on Puerto Rican status, its purpose was to "inquire into the extent to which the statutory laws and administrative regulations of the United States should apply in Puerto Rico." In October 1975 the Ad Hoc Group submitted its report to President Ford, including a proposed Compact of Permanent Union. If approved by Congress, the Compact would have fundamentally revised legislation in force since 1952 governing US-Puerto Rican relations, granting most of the privileges of statehood with few of the responsibilities. By law the President had one year to study the report and suggest a course of action to the Congress. President Ford asked his Cabinet to review the proposal and the Domestic Council to prepare a decision package. Puerto Rican Resident Commissioner Jaime Benitez overstepped this process, however, when he submitted the proposed Compact to Congress for ratification. Hearings were held in the Senate in December 1975 and in the House in 1976. As one of his last acts as President, Ford decided to reject the Ad Hoc Group's recommendations and propose instead statehood for Puerto Rico. Ultimately no action was taken on the Compact.

Sunday, November 25, 2012

Azúcar Amargo: Un Estudio de la Economía Cubana

White, Byron, Azúcar Amargo: Un Estudio de la Economía Cubana, Habana: Publicaciones Cultural, 1955.

Extracto de La Justicia de La Republica: Memorias de Un Fiscal del Tribunal Supremo en 1936, por José Luis Galbe Loshuertos (p. 47-8):
Azúcar Amargo se convirtió en su día en un libro polémico, destinado a agriar la vida a algunos propietarios de plantaciones de caña pero sus principales tesis e interpretaciones han sido avaladas por investigaciones posteriores en historia economía.

Região e Tradição

Freyre, Gilberto, Região e Tradição, Rio de Janeiro: Livraria José Olympio Editora, 1941. [Nota: livro em muito mal estado]

Os dois ensaios, os varios artigos, o discurso ainda de collegial e o outro, de "regresso de nativo" á provincia, a conferencia de "tradicionalista" - por algum tempo enamorado, de longe, da propria Igreja de Roma - reunidos agora em livro, foram escolhidos dentre aquelles trabalhos dispersos ou ineditos do autor, que, embora de datas differentes - o primeiro escripto aos dezeseis annos - teem por assumpto principal problemas de região e de tradição e theorias de regionalismo e internacionalismo não só literario e artistico como cultural e, por inclusão, politico.

Gilberto Freyre:
Born in Recife, on March 15, 1900, Gilberto Freyre , son of Dr. Alfredo Freyre - educator, Judge and Professor of Political Economy at the Faculty of Law of Recife - and D. Francisca de Mello Freyre. At six years old he tries to run away, hiding in Olinda, a city to which he devoted great love and of which, in 1939, he would write the 2nd Practical Guide, History and Sentiment.

Wikipedia Entry:
Gilberto de Mello Freyre (March 15, 1900 – July 18, 1987) was a Brazilian sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer, [[Painting|painter]journalist, and congressman, born in Recife, Northeast Brazil. He is commonly associated with other great Brazilian cultural interpreters of the first half of the 20th century, such as Sérgio Buarque de Holanda and Caio Prado Júnior. His best-known work is a sociological treatise named Casa-Grande & Senzala (variously translated, but roughly The Masters and the Slaves, as on a traditional plantation). Two sequels followed, The Mansions and the Shanties: the making of modern Brazil and Order and Progress: Brazil from monarchy to republic. The trilogy is generally considered a classic of modern cultural anthropology and social history, although it is not without its critics.

An Anthology of Spanish American Literature

Hespelt, Ernest Herman, An Anthology of Spanish American Literature, New York: F.S. Crofts & Co., 1947. [Prepared under the auspices of the Instituto Internacional de Literatura Iberoamericana by a committee consisting of E. Herman Hespelt, Chairman and Editor, Irving A. Leonard, John A. Crow, John T. Reid & John E. Englekirk]

From the authors’ Preface:
This Anthology of Spanish American Literature has been prepared as a companion volume to the Outline History of Spanish American Literature, published by the same committee under the auspices of the Instituto Internacional de Literatura Iberoamericana…


Each of the members of the committee of editors is responsible for that part of the Anthology which corresponds to the section he prepared for the Outline History:
Section A, “The Colonial Period (1519 – 1808),” Irving A. Leonard, University of Michigan.
Section B, “The Period of Struggle for Independence (1808 – 1826),” John T. Reid, University of California at Los Angeles
Section C, “The Nineteenth Century before Modernism (1826 – 1888),” E. Herman Hespelt, New York University
Section D “Modernism – Realism (1888 – 1910),” John A. Crow, University of California at Los Angeles.
Section E “The Contemporary Period (1910 - ),” John E. Englekirk, Tulane University.

Sources of Jamaican History 1655-1838

Ingram, K.E., Sources of Jamaican History 1655-1838: a bibliographical survey with particular reference to manuscript sources, Volumes I & II, Switzerland: Inter Documentation Company, 1976.

A Librarian and Bibliographer, K.E. Ingram - as he is known - has made an outstanding contribution to Librarianship and Historical Scholarship in Jamaica and the Caribbean. (...) A founding member of the Jamaica Library Association he served as its first Secretary from 1950 to 1953. He was very active in the professional association and served in various other offices including that of President in 1956 and 1972. he was also involved in regional library activities which culminated in his election in 1976 as President of the Association of Caribbean Universities, research and Institutional Libraries (ACURIL).

From the author’s Introduction:
This work is a survey of the sources of Jamaican history during a clearly defined period, from its conquest and settlement by the English as a plantation colony, through the period of development of Jamaican planter society to its high water-mark in the mid- to later eighteenth century, to its decline and virtual collapse with the abolition of slavery. It is concerned with primary sources, and especially with manuscript sources in British and Jamaican libraries and repositories, in private ownership, and to a lesser extent, with those in North America and Europe. It discusses in broad outline the principal repositories in which these collections of source material find themselves, the nature and extent of the sources, their historical and bibliographical background with special reference to their formation, provenance, availability and the use to which they have been put, also their relationship to one another where such relationships exist.


I. Bibliographical Approaches to Source Material Relating to Jamaica

II. British and Irish Repositories and Sources

III. Jamaican Repositories and Sources

IV. North American Repositories and Sources

V. Spanish Repositories and Sources

VI. European Repositories and Sources (excluding those of Spain)

VII. Some Printed Sources

VIII. Maps and Pictorial Records

The Evolution of Latin American Government

Christensen, Asher Norman, The Evolution of Latin American Government: a book of readings, New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1951.

Reviewed in The Americas © 1952.

Extract from the author’s preface:
Two principal objectives were constantly in mind in the planning and preparation of this book of materials on the problem and nature of government in Latin America. It was felt that a book of this kind should attempt to explain why governments in that area – be they those of Argentina or El Salvador, Brazil or Bolivia – all show these same common characteristics. What factors have conditioned Latin American political organization so that one encounters, almost everywhere, and at any time, strong executives, weak congresses and courts, and little or no local home rule? In what ways have geography and climate, colonial history and institutions, and economic organization and problems set the mold? Are contemporary factors of any significance in changing the patterns outlined by the mold of the past? A second goal might be indicated by this query: What are the directions in which government in present-day Latin America is traveling? Are the revolutions or political upheavals of the present time to be written off as “just another Latin American revolution” or do they presage really basic changes in the location, transfer, and use of political power? The editor of this book believes that fundamental and highly significant new trends are discernable, shifts which are evidenced by changes in the social content of the newer constitutions, by realignments in the political party pattern, by the broadening base of government even in the dictator countries, and, above all, by the rapidly expanding functions of government in Central and South America and in the Caribbean. The remarkable expansion of such activities as education and public health, and the interest of governments in economic diversification are trenchant with the potentiality of political change.

Saturday, November 24, 2012

Guide to the Sources in the Netherlands for the History of Latin America

Roessingh, M.P.H., Guide to the Sources in the Netherlands for the History of Latin America, The Hague: Government Pub. Office, 1968.

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1969.

This guide provides a survey of the sources (documents, manuscripts, maps and topographical reproductions) in the Netherlands for the history of Latin America. The area dealt with covers all of Central and South America together with the islands belonging to the relative countries, the southern states of the United States up to the time they joined the Union, and the Philippines. The period dealt with is from the discovery of America up to 1914, or, as regards the Philippines and Puerto Rico, to 1898. In certain cases the terminus ante quem has been shifted nearer the present day, for example, if an archive or collections contains important documents from both before and after 1914 or a consecutive series of correspondence, etc, continues beyond 1914 and 1898 respectively.
The guide is subdivided according to the organization of the Dutch archives. This means that the most important repository for the purposes of the guide, the General State Archives, is dealt with first of all. The logical consequence is, therefore, that a number of archives deposited there are dealt with in the sequence laid down in the Survey 1953 (bibl. 23). The sequence of repositories of state archives is also in accordance with this Survey. Thereafter the municipal archives are dealt with in alphabetical order according to place-name. Chapter I also contains a list of certain departmental archives that have not been transferred. Chapter II deals with the archives of non-governmental institutions, which have been grouped systematically as far as possible. In Chapter III the libraries, museums and institutions which contain records relevant to this guide are dealt with alphabetically according to their location. Collections of maps of institutions already dealt with and of others are given in Chapter IV. Chapter V contains a brief communication on family archives and privately owned collections.

El Consejo Real Y Supremo De Las Indias, La Labor Del Consejo De Indias En La Administración Colonial

Schäfer, Ernesto, El Consejo Real Y Supremo De Las Indias, La Labor Del Consejo De Indias En La Administración Colonial, Tomo II, Sevilla: Publicaciones de la Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos de Sevilla, 1947.

Ernesto Schäfer fue un historiador alemán (Alsterdof, Hamburgo 1972) de finales del siglo XIX y de comienzos del siglo XX. En aquel entonces, el positivismo estaba en todo su apogeo y los estudios institucionales con un marcado acento jurídico eran la tónica general. Catedrático en historia en Rostov e interesado en la comprensión de las instituciones de la España del siglo XVI, comenzó a visitar Sevilla con regularidad para estudiar en el Archivo General de Indias (AGI) el funcionamiento del Consejo real y supremo de las Indias. A partir de entonces, sus contribuciones sobre las instituciones de la España del XVI aparecieron con regularidad. En el XXVI Congreso Internacional de Americanistas celebrado en Sevilla en 1935 se tradujo al castellano el volumen que sobre el Consejo de Indias había publicado ya en alemán el Instituto Iberoamericano de Hamburgo.

De la introducción:
…en esta segunda parte no se trata en primer lugar de describir detalladamente el desarrollo de la organización colonial, ni de presentar una historia completa de la administración colonial de España, lo cual superaría con mucho las fuerzas de un solo investigador… Al contrario, quiero dibujar solamente la actuación del Consejo de Indias en la administración colonial, es decir, su intervención directa en el curso de la misma, y aun esto solo en los rasgos más importantes, para completar la historia de la autoridad central por la descripción de su labor práctica.

I. La Organización Colonial
1) Los Virreinatos de la Nueva España y del Perú
2) Las Audiencias
3) Los funcionarios subordinados de administración y justicia; Los Oficiales Reales de Hacienda; Los oficios vendibles
4) La Iglesia: Obispados, ordenes religiosas, Patronato Real

II. La Legislación de Indios
1) Las Leyes de indios de 1526
2) La liberación de los indios de 1542 – 43 y sus consecuencias; La Perpetuidad
3) El desarrollo del tratamiento de los indios desde Don Felipe II; Los servicios personales

III. Comercio, Navegación y Ciencia
1) El Consejo de Indias y el comercio colonial
2) La navegación colonial
3) El Consejo de Indias y la ciencia

Apéndices: Los Altos Funcionarios en las Indias hasta 1700.

The Human Condition in Latin America

Wolf, Eric R., & Edward C. Hansen, The Human Condition in Latin America, New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

From the authors’ Preface:
Our work is an introduction to Latin American society which aims at defining the existential conditions under which most Latin Americans live. To this end we have compiled documents and primary sources from both analysts of and participants in the Latin American drama. We have attempted to present materials which would serve as diagnostic portraits of various facets of contemporary Latin American societies. From these portraits we have inductively woven our own analyses of the broader social phenomena which the portraits exemplify. The forms of analysis are as varied as the portraits themselves by deliberate design; we have tried to expose the reader to the richer traditions of societal analysis. These forms include ethnographic description, history, kinship and network analysis, investigation of social stratification (along the classic lines of class, status, and power), and finally, a description of culture, here viewed as particular sets of symbolic representations. We have also tried to give our work something of a narrative flow, both in choice of materials and also by cutting out footnotes except where absolutely necessary.

Reviewed in American Anthropologist © 1974.

Reviewed in The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Eric Robert Wolf (February 1, 1923 – March 6, 1999)[1] was an anthropologist, best known for his studies of peasants, Latin America, and his advocacy of Marxian perspectives within anthropology.

The Kingdom of Quito in the Seventeenth Century: Bureaucratic Politics in the Spanish Empire

Phelan, John Leddy, The Kingdom of Quito in the Seventeenth Century: Bureaucratic Politics in the Spanish Empire, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Reviewed in The Catholic Historical Review © 1971.

From the author’s Introduction:
This book is not merely a biography of Antonio Morga as such, nor is it intended only as a case study of the government of the audiencia kingdom of Quito from 1615 to 1636, when Dr. Morga served as president of that tribunal. The larger purpose is to explore the inner workings of the bureaucracy of the Spanish empire. A good deal but not all of the illustrative material comes from those two decades of the Morga administration.
The book falls into three sections. The first part deals with how an audiencia resolved some major problems as diverse as the conquests of frontier areas, the regulation of Indian labor, and defense measures against the Dutch. Some of the special characteristics of the colonial bureaucracy, such as graft and immorality, recruitment and promotion, crime and punishment, are the concerns of the second section. The visita general system by which the central authorities in Madrid evaluated the conduct and the performance of magistrates overseas is the central focus of the last part.
A recurrent theme is the interaction of the magistrates in the audiencia with their superiors in Lima and Madrid and their nominal inferiors in the provinces. Another focus is the interrelationship between the bureaucracy and each major segment, as well as among segments, of that multiracial society. The primary objective of the whole study is to unravel the intricate web of authority, responsibility, and decision-making in that governmental labyrinth. This book addresses itself to such questions as to what extent magistrates overseas enjoyed some initiative without jeopardizing central control and in what manner various sectors in that heterogeneous society influenced the decisions of regional magistrates in the audiencias and the central authorities in Madrid.

U.P.R.: Informe Anual al Gobernador de Puerto Rico

Universidad de Puerto Rico, Informe Anual al Gobernador de Puerto Rico, The University of Puerto Rico Bulletin, Series XIV, No. 2, December, 1946.

Del Prólogo:
La matrícula universitaria es un problema de gran importancia y de difícil solución en los momentos presentes. La Universidad de Puerto Rico tiene en los cursos diurnos regulares de Rio Piedras alrededor de 4,500 estudiantes, lo cual representa un aumento de 1,200 sobre el estudiantado de esos cursos el año pasado. Este año hemos ofrecido por primera vez en el Colegio de Agricultura y Artes Mecánicas en Mayagüez una extensión completa de los cursos de Estudios Generales que se iniciaron en los Colegios de Rio Piedras en el año 1943 – 44. La matrícula total de ese Colegio aumentó de 774 en 1945 – 46 a 1,330 en 1946 – 47. Si a la matrícula regular de los Colegios de Rio Piedras y Mayagüez añadimos la matrícula de las divisiones nocturna, extramural y de extensión, alcanzamos una cifra de 9,595 estudiantes.


Debido a las circunstancias del momento no hay disponibles en Puerto Rico ni fuera de Puerto Rico profesores adecuadamente cualificados para poder hacerse cargo de las labores docentes requeridas para este gran incremento en la matrícula del próximo año. En el presupuesto de este año la Universidad tampoco dispone de fondos suficientes para desarrollar una campaña de reclutamiento de 50 a 60 nuevos profesores que necesitaríamos.
La Universidad confronta una grave crisis económica debido a que la fuente principal de ingresos la constituye, hasta ahora, un 8 por ciento de los ingresos insulares y federales de bebidas alcohólicas. Este renglón ha dado a la Universidad el año pasado y el año en curso un ingreso anual de dos millones y medio de dólares.

Programa de Trabajadores Migratorios de Puerto Rico a los Estados Unidos

Pagán de Colón, Petroamérica, Programa de Trabajadores Migratorios de Puerto Rico a los Estados Unidos, San Juan: Negociado de Empleo y Migración, s.f.


Trabajadores de Puerto Rico Llevados a Estados Unidos por Agencias Privadas de Empleo

Se Inicia un Programa

Visita a los Campamentos

Relaciones Públicas

Se Modifica el Contrato


Procedimiento de Selección

Aportaciones del Programa

Varios Casos Típicos

Seguro por Enfermedad no Ocupacional

Supervisión y Servicio

Reclutamiento Ilegal de Trabajadores en Puerto Rico

Population and Development in a Peruvian Community

Alers, J. Oscar, Population and Development in a Peruvian Community, reprint from Journal of Inter-American Studies, Vol. VII, No. 4, October, 1965.

Available online (PDF):
In December of 1951, the Cornell Peru Project, created under an agreement signed by Cornell University and the government of Peru, undertook a systematic program of research and development in the depressed highland Indian hacienda of Vicos, located in the Callejón de Huaylas, an intermontane valley some 270 miles north of Lima. In subsequent years Project personnel, in cooperation with functionaries of the Peruvian government, carried out a comprehensive program of development that significantly transformed the economic, educational, medical, and political institutions of the community. This program has included the introduction of innovations in farming techniques, the construction of an educational system, the building of a medical facility, and the transfer of local political power into the hands of the Indians.
This paper considers some of the ways in which the activities of the Project have affected population structure and change in the community and, in turn, how some of these population changes have affected, and are likely to affect, the efforts of the Project in the development of the community. 1 It thereby provides an early case study of the reciprocal relationship between population and development that may be experienced by hundreds of Indian communities as part of the modernization of Peru.

Vicos, Peru: The Cornell-Peru Project.

Latin American Panorama

Schneider, Ronald M., Latin American Panorama, Foreign Policy Association Headline Series, No. 178, August 1966.

What is Latin America?

Social and Political Trends

Economic Problems and the Alliance for Progress

Hemispheric Relations: Intervention and the Inter-American System

Conditions in Key Countries

Issues and Opportunities

Talking It Over

La Organización del Caribe – Los Primeros Tres Años

Organización del Caribe, La Organización del Caribe – Los Primeros Tres Años, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico: Secretaría Central, 1964.

Compilación de los textos de una serie de seis programas radiales. Preparados para radiodifusión en todo el Caribe con motivo a la celebración del “Día del Desarrollo en el Caribe”, 8 de septiembre de 1964.


Ebanks, Gosport Edward & Lionel Gilkes, Barbados, [Perfiles de Países], Bogotá: Asociación Colombiana para el Estudio de la Población, diciembre de 1973.

G. Edward Ebanks, Ph.D., es profesor asociado del Departamento de Sociología de la Universidad de Western Ontario, Canadá. Lionel Gilkes ha sido director de la Asociación de Planificación Familiar de Barbados.

Friday, November 23, 2012

Don Quijote y los Libros

Llorens Castillo, Vicente, Don Quijote y los Libros, Rio Piedras: Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1947.

Vicente Llorens Castillo (Valencia, 10 de enero de 1906 - Cofrentes, 5 de julio de 1979), historiador de la literatura española.
Al terminar la II Guerra Mundial se incorporó a la Universidad de Río Piedras en San Juan de Puerto Rico rechaza el cargo de director del Departamento de Estudios Hispánicos en espera de sus gestiones para marchar a los Estados Unidos y durante su estancia portorriqueña colabora en Revista de América, de Bogotá y Asomante, de Puerto Rico. Publica también Don Quijote y los libros (1947), conferencia en la conmemoración del Cuarto Centenario de Cervantes; gracias a las gestiones de Pedro Salinas y Leo Spitzer marchó como profesor a las universidades norteamericanas de Johns Hopkins de Baltimore –hasta el año 1947– y sobre todo, por mediación de Américo Castro, a la de Nueva Jersey; publica entonces Liberales y románticos (México: El Colegio de México, 1954) lo que le convirtió a Vicente Llorens en maestro de la historia cultural y literaria española …

Vicente Llorens Castillo:
Like most Spanish scholars and intellectuals, Llorens, who was born in 1906, was forced into exile by the vengeful spirit that prevailed after the defeat of the Spanish Republic in 1939 by General Franco.
It has been the remarkable fortune of the little village (Jalance)-all but lost on the edge of La Mancha-to have its good name heard in the many institutions of learning to which Llorens's career took him: the Center for Historical Studies in Madrid and the universities of Cologne, Marburg, Genoa, Santo Domingo, and Mexico, as well as Johns Hopkins, SUNY at Stony Brook, and Princeton, whose faculty he joined in 1949.

La Guyane de Fond en Comble

Robo, Rodolphe, La Guyane de Fond en Comble, Imprimerie Antillaise Saint-Paul, 1975.

Présentation physique de la Guyane
Les premiers pas des Européens en Guyane et l’apparition de la Guyane française
Manoa del Dorado
La naissance et les premiers pas de Cayenne
La naissance et les premiers pas de Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni
L’opération Kourou 1763
La contribution guyanaise à la Grande Guerre de 1914 - 1918
A propos du roucou
L’introduction du café en Guyane
La découverte de l’or en Guyane
Une figure indienne du 18e siècle : Ouragavaré
Suzanne Amonba, épouse Paillé
Le calvaire de Collot-d’Herbois
Paul Dunez
Victor Schœlcher et le culte des principes
A propos de René Maran Prix Goncourt 1921
»Jouer le jeu », selon Félix Eboué
Le Père Renault

A Short Notice on Mount Pele and its Eruptions

Philémon, Césaire, A Short Notice on Mount Pele and its Eruptions, Pointe-à-Pitre: Imprimerie Absalon, 1958.

Galeries martiniquaises:
Césaire Philemon / Work Heritage Digital Library. Common service documentation library network, University of the Antilles and French Guyana., City of Pointe-à-Pitre; Translator: Mr. H. Olympia, Professor of English at Schoelcher School.

Cahiers du CERAG (Journal), N° 33

Cahiers du CERAG, Centre d'Etudes Régionales Antilles-Guyane, N° 33, Premier trimestre 1977.

Table des matières:
L’économie martiniquaise pendant la guerre, par Eugène Revert

La campagne martiniquaise ses mutations actuelles, par Maurice Burac

Un Modèle d’emploi, de production, et de dépense dans une économie mue par les exportations, par Leroy Taylor

The Labour Force in the Commonwealth Caribbean, a Statistical Analysis

Abdulah, Norma, The Labour Force in the Commonwealth Caribbean, a Statistical Analysis, St. Augustine: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, 1977.

From the Preface:
The paper is divided into three parts. In the first, the concepts used in attempting to measure that segment of the population which is ‘economically active’: the employed, the unemployed and the underemployed are defined. Census data are used to calculate some of the more usual rates and indices used in describing the labour force, and these areused as a basis for effecting comparisons between the countries, and to measure changes in the 1960 – 1970 intercensal decade. Since, however, not all the labour force data relating to the Caribbean Region have emanated from the Population Censuses, other sources of relevant data are examined in Part II. Part III consists of an assessment of the data and concepts used in their collection, and points to certain areas in which present attempts at measurement appear unsuitable or inadequate in the context of Caribbean society. A select bibliography and a statistical appendix are provided.

ISER Occasional Papers/Human Resources 2

ISER Occasional Papers/Human Resources 2, St. Augustine: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, October, 1978.

Unemployment and Related Problems in the Commonwealth Caribbean, by Jack Harewood

Abridged Working Life Tables for Barbadian Males ; 1946, 1960 and 1970, by Jocelyn Massiah

Population Projections for Trinidad and Tobago, 1970 - 2000, by Jack Harewood

ISER Occasional Papers

ISER Occasional Papers, St. Augustine: Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, September, 1977.

The Black Experience in Britain: A Study of the Life-Styles of West Indians in Bristol, by Ken Pryce

Ahilya Goes to London on BWIA Flight 900, by Surujrattan Rambachan

Problemas Brasileiros de Antropologia

Freyre, Gilberto, Problemas Brasileiros de Antropologia, prefácio de Gonçalves Fernandes, Rio de Janeiro: Livraria José Olympio Editora, 1959.

Este é um excerto: Prefácio do autor a primeira edição:
Nos pequenos estudos que se seguem como aliás em todos aqueles a que me venho aventurado, o critério principalmente seguido é o regional, o ecológico, o histórico, de tentativa de fixação e às vezes de interpretação e até de avaliação extracientífica de característicos brasileiros de cultura e de "raça", através da consideração de problemas de relações interhumanas e interregionais entre nós. Sendo dos que acreditam a antropologia capaz de concorrer para melhor administração do Brasil e para sua articulação mais inteligente - articulação social e de cultura - com os demais povos americanos - todos eles com problemas semelhantes aos nossos: principalmente os relacionados com o indígena e a sua cultura - não hesito em ir até à sugestão ou esboço de uma filosofia intereamericana de política de cultura que teria nas ciências sociais - especialmente na antropologia - auxiliar poderoso, sem sacrifício, é claro, da dignidade científica das mesmas ciências.

Deste pequeno grupo de pequenos estudos - reunidos por insistência do diretor do Departamento Cultural da Casa do Estudante do Brasil e a que se seguirá nova série tendo por assunto principal o problema do ameríndio no Brasil do ponto de vista da antropologia aplicada e da referida filosofia de política de cultura - não sei separar um desejo; o de que seja dada ao brasileiro, no decorrer dos seus estudos secundários, a oportunidade de iniciar-se naquelas ciências sociais mais ligadas com os problemas do nosso tempo e do nosso país. A antropologia e a economia, por exemplo. Admito que a sociologia seja estudo alto de mais para o adolescente de colégio; mas o que não lhe deve faltar é a iniciação nas ciências sociais mais concretas e objetivas, entre as quais a antropologia se apresenta de interesse particular num país como o Brasil. Nossos problemas quase todos exigem o conhecimento da situação dos povos e das culturas aquí reunidas. Não se compreende, em face disso, um programa de curso secundário que só inclua a iniciação nesse conhecimento vagamente dispersa pela geografia e pela história: uma espécie de favor da pedagogia arcaica a ciências novas e vigorosas que não precisam de favor, nem caridade. Nós é que precisamos delas.

El Movimiento Estudiantil Universitario de 1934-1940

Pérez Rojas, Niurka, El Movimiento Estudiantil Universitario de 1934-1940, La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, Instituto Cubano del Libro, 1975.

Niurka Pérez Rojas nació en Banes, Oriente, en el año 1939. Graduada de Derecho Diplomático (1961) y Derecho (1964) en la Universidad de La Habana y Sociología en la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales en Santiago de Chile (1970), ha trabajado siempre en el área educacional. Después del triunfo de la Revolución fue interventora de colegios privados y profesora de Historia en Secundaria Básica. Desde 1963 hasta 1971 fue profesora de Filosofía Marxista y de Lógica Matemática en la Universidad de La Habana. Ha escrito sobre temas históricos y sociológicos, estos últimos vinculados a la educación. Tiene trabajos publicados en periódicos y revistas nacionales. Es militante del Partido Comunista de Cuba y actualmente trabaja como investigadora social en el Centro de Estudios Demográficos del Instituto de Economía de la Universidad de la Habana.

Páginas Escogidas (José Martí)

Martí, José, Páginas Escogidas, Selección y Prólogo de Alfonso M. Escudero, Buenos Aires: Espasa Calpe, 1953.

Los 42 años de José Martí
Mas trazos para su retrato espiritual
El escritor y los géneros literarios
El intelectual y el artista
Al cabo de los años
Fuentes consultables

Manuel Acuña
Un brindis
Cecilio Acosta
Al general Máximo Gómez
La estatua de Bolívar
Rafael Pombo
Juan Carlos Gómez
La política del acometimiento
Eloy Escobar
Tres héroes
Nuestra América
Los pinos nuevos
Sobre los oficios de la alabanza
El remedio anexionista
La educación en el extranjero
El general Gómez
Antonio Maceo
Julián del Casal
A su madre
Manifiesto de Montecristi
A Federico Henríquez y Carvajal
A Gonzalo de Quesada
A mi María
A Gonzalo de Quesada y Benjamín Guerra
A Tomas Estrada Palma
A Manuel Mercado

Primera brigada - 113
Crin hirsuta
Mi caballero
Los zapaticos de rosa
La perla de la mora
De “Versos Sencillos”
Para Cecilia Gutiérrez Nájera y Maillefert
Rimas III

Thursday, November 22, 2012

The Army and Politics in Argentina, 1928-1945

Potash, Robert A., The Army and Politics in Argentina, 1928-1945: Yrigoyen to Perón, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1969.

Partially available online.

Reviewed in: International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) © 1996.

From the book cover:
A detailed exploration of the role of the Army in the political life of Argentina, this volume covers a crucial period in which both the Army and the political process underwent significant change. From the last years of Radical Party rule, more specifically from the reelection in 1928 of Hipólito Yrigoyen, to the achievement in 1945 of complete political control by Colonel Juan D. Perón, the Army’s political activity is examined under a variety of regimes and conditions.
Particular attention is given to the evolution of the Army as an institution, the treatment accorded the armed forces under various governments, the influence of Army officers on policy-making, and the interaction of individual officers with the political authorizes, civilian and military. Because the officer corps contributed many of the major figures in the period covered, the author seeks to establish with some degree of precision the social origins, basic attitudes, and the role conceptions of the officers. The data on the Argentine officer corps is presented, whenever possible, in terms of identifiable individuals rather than in nameless statistics.
This is the first of two volumes; a subsequent volume will deal with the period since 1945.

Archivo de Gonzalo de Quesada, Documentos Históricos

Archivo de Gonzalo de Quesada, Documentos Históricos, Introducción y notas por Gonzalo de Quesada y Miranda, La Habana: Universidad de la Habana, 1965.

Con esta recopilación de cartas y documentos del Archivo de Gonzalo Quesada, en su casi totalidad inéditos, se da cima a su publicación, iniciada por la Academia de la Historia de Cuba, primero con tres tomos de Papeles de Martí, continuando mas tarde con dos tomos de Epistolario, de cartas a Gonzalo de Quesada y Aróstegui.
La presente recopilación consta en su primera parte de Asuntos Varios, figurando los borradores o copias de las cartas de Gonzalo de Quesada, la correspondencia dirigida a el y los documentos o cualquier otro escrito relacionado con cada asunto.
La segunda parte la formaron cartas de Gonzalo de Quesada, y la tercera documentos relacionados con la lucha por nuestra independencia o de contenido histórico y miscelánea.
La ordenación no ha sido fácil, siendo de lamentarse a veces la falta de algún documento o el de no poderlo dar completo por deterioro, debido a los frecuentes traslados del Archivo en vida del patriota.

Gonzalo de Quesada (December 15, 1868 - January 9, 1915) was a key architect of Cuba's Independence Movement with José Martí during the late 19th century.

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

The Discovery of America

Fiske, John, The Discovery of America with some Account of Ancient America and the Spanish Conquest, Vols. 1 & 2, Boston & New York:Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1899.

Volume 1 is available online at Project Gutenberg.

John Fiske (March 30, 1842 – July 4, 1901) was an American philosopher and historian. (…)The largest part of his life was devoted to the study of history, but at an early age inquiries into the nature of human progress led him to a careful study of the doctrine of evolution, and it was through the popularization of Charles Darwin's work that he first became known to the public.[1] He applied himself to the philosophical interpretation of Darwin's work and produced many books and essays on this subject. His philosophy was influenced by Herbert Spencer's views on evolution. (…)Nineteenth-century enthusiasm for brain size as a simple measure of human performance, championed by scientists including Darwin's cousin Francis Galton and the French neurologist Paul Broca, led Fiske to believe in the racial superiority of the "Anglo-Saxon race". However, Fiske's racism was tempered by commitment to African-American causes. Indeed, so anti-slavery was he that twenty-three years after the cessation of the American Civil War, he declared the North's victory complete "despite the feeble wails" of "unteachable bigots." (…)In books such as Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy (ISBN 0-384-15780-7), Fiske aimed to show that "in reality there has never been any conflict between religion and science, nor is any reconciliation called for where harmony has always existed."

Note: Dr. Mathews had two bookmarks on pages 122 and 152 of Volume 2, which dealt with maps: The Lenox map, the Ruysch map and a 1541 Gerardus Mercator map:
It is one of the earliest records of a reaction against the theory that it would be possible to walk westward from Cuba to Spain dry-shod. Here the new discoveries are all placed in the ocean at a good distance from the continent of Asia, and all except South America are islands. The land discovered by the Cabots [Carbonear?] appears, without a name, just below the Arctic circle, with a small vessel approaching it on the east. Just above the fortieth parallel a big sea monster is sturdily swimming toward Portugal. The sixtieth meridian west from Lisbon cuts through Isabel (Cuba) and Hayti, which are placed too far north, as on most of the early maps. If we compare the position of these islands here with the imaginary Antilia on Ruysch’s map, we shall have no difficulty in understanding how they came to be called Antilles. A voyage of about 1,000 miles westward, from Isabel, on this Lenox globe, brings us to Zipangri (Japan), which occupies the position actually belonging to Lower California. Immediately southeast of Japan begins a vast island or quasi-continent, with the name “Terra do Brazil” at its northwestern extremity. The general name of this whole portion of the earth is “Mundus Novus” or “Terra Sanctae Crucis.” The purely hypothetical character of the coastline is confessed by the dots. The maker knew nothing of the existence of the Pacific ocean and nothing of South America except the northern and eastern coasts;… John Fiske The Discovery of America, Vol 2 , pp. 121-122.

Monday, November 19, 2012

Pensando en Cuba

Sixto de Sola, José, Pensando en Cuba, (introducción, ensayo biográfico-crítico y notas por Carlos de Velasco), La Habana: Editorial Cuba Contemporánea, 1917.



José Sixto de Solá. Ensayo biográfico - critico

La falta de probidad en los gobernantes hispano-americanos

El pesimismo cubano

El deporte como factor patriótico y sociológico

José Antonio Saco, su estatua y los cubanos

Los extranjeros en Cuba

Cuba y Hawai

El acercamiento intelectual de América

El Congreso Cubano

Necesidad de propaganda cívica cubana

Apéndice. Protesta contra la conducta de ciertos norteamericanos residentes en la Isla de Pinos

José Sixto de Sola. Periodista y doctor, fue secretario de la liga nacional y cofundador de la Revista de Cuba Contemporánea.

Palabras para la Universidad de Puerto Rico

Mistral, Gabriela, Palabras para la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Trabajo preparado para ser leído en la cuadragésima cuarta colación de grados de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, UPR, 1948.

Gabriela Mistral; (1889–1957) was the pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, a Chilean poet, educator, diplomat, and feminist who was the first Latin American (and, so far, the only Latin American woman) to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945. Some central themes in her poems are nature, betrayal, love, a mother's love, sorrow and recovery, travel, and Latin American identity as formed from a mixture of Native American and European influences. Her portrait also appears on the 5,000 Chilean peso bank note.

La Toga al Servicio de la Democracia

Miró Cardona, José, La Toga al Servicio de la Democracia, (Discurso pronunciado en la Asamblea General Ordinaria del Colegio de Abogados de Puerto Rico), 6 de septiembre de 1958.

Nota Preliminar:
En mi carácter de Director Ejecutivo del Colegio de abogados de Puerto Rico, tengo el privilegio de dar cumplimiento al mandato de su Asamblea General Ordinaria, del día 6 de septiembre de 1958, disponiendo de la publicación y distribución del brillante y conceptuoso discurso que pronunciara ante nuestra matricula el fraterno colega cubano Dr. José Miró Cardona. Al disponer que el discurso del Dr. Miró Cardona se haga llegar a los hombres de todos los pueblos de América, el Colegio de Abogados de Puerto Rico se ratifica, una vez mas, en su inquebrantable determinación de estar alerta en contra de toda manifestación de tiranía y en defensa de todo gobierno de ley y de orden. San Juan, Puerto rico, a 13 de septiembre de 1958. Edwin Cortes García, Director Ejecutivo.

Todo el Poder para los Trabajadores

Pagan, Bolívar, Todo el Poder para los Trabajadores, (Discurso pronunciado el Día del Trabajo, Septiembre 3 de 1945, ante la tumba de Santiago Iglesias, en el Cementerio de San Juan, PR), Publicado por el Comité Ejecutivo Territorial como un documento del Partido Socialista. 1945.

Santiago Iglesias Pantín:
Político puertorriqueño, líder de los trabajadores y organizador del primer partido socialista de Puerto Rico, nacido en La Coruña (España) en 1872 y muerto en Washington en 1939. Santiago Iglesias Pantín estudió en España en una escuela pública y fue aprendiz de ebanista.

25 de Julio: Día del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico

25 de Julio: Día del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, Panfleto, s.f.

Significado del 25 de Julio

Discurso del Honorable Gobernador Luis Muñoz Marín pronunciado antes de izar la bandera en el acto de inauguración del Estado Libre Asociado, 25 de Julio de 1952.

Congreso Octogésimo primero, Ley Publica 600 proveyendo para la organización de un gobierno constitucional por el pueblo de Puerto Rico

Preámbulo del E.L.A.

Resolución de las Naciones Unidas 27 de noviembre de 1953

Carta de Derechos del E.L.A. de P.R.

Expresiones (internacionales) sobre el E.L.A..

Mensajes del Honorable Luis Muñoz Marín a varias Asambleas Legislativas

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Mensaje de Luis Muñoz Marín Gobernador de Puerto Rico a la Decimoséptima Asamblea Legislativa de Puerto Rico en su Tercera Legislatura Ordinaria, San Juan, Puerto Rico: Departamento de Hacienda, 14 de marzo de 1951.

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Mensaje del Honorable Luis Muñoz Marín Gobernador del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico a la Tercera Asamblea Legislativa de Puerto Rico en su Primera Sesión Ordinaria, San Juan, Puerto Rico: Departamento de Instrucción Publica, 17 de enero de 1957.

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Mensaje del Honorable Luis Muñoz Marín Gobernador del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico a la Tercera Asamblea Legislativa de Puerto Rico en su Cuarta Sesión Ordinaria, San Juan, Puerto Rico: Departamento de Instrucción Publica, 19 de enero de 1960.

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Mensaje del Honorable Luis Muñoz Marín Gobernador del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico a la Cuarta Asamblea Legislativa de Puerto Rico en su Segunda Sesión Ordinaria, San Juan, Puerto Rico: Departamento de Instrucción Publica, 6 de febrero de 1962.

Saturday, November 17, 2012

Quipus and Witches' Knots: The Role of the Knot in Primitive and Ancient Cultures

Day, Cyrus Lawrence, Quipus and Witches' Knots: The Role of the Knot in Primitive and Ancient Cultures, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1967.

Reviewed in American Antiquity © 1969.

Quipus (or khipus), sometimes called talking knots, were recording devices historically used in the region of Andean South America. A quipu usually consisted of colored, spun, and plied thread or strings from llama or alpaca hair. It could also be made of cotton cords. The cords contained numeric and other values encoded by knots in a base ten positional system. Quipus might have just a few or up to 2,000 cords.

U.S. Policy In Latin America

Schneider, Ronald M., U.S. Policy In Latin America, reprint, Institute of Latin American Studies School of International Affairs, Colombia University, 1966.

”Unless revolutionary elements in Latin America become convinced that the United States will accept radical reforms, they will remain prone to an extremely anti-Yankee orientation.” The introductory article in this issue analyzes United States policy; seven subsequent studies evaluate the stability of the nations of Latin America. Current History, November, 1966 / Volume 51, No. 303.

La Política Puertorriqueña y el Nuevo Trato

Mathews, Thomas G., La Política Puertorriqueña y el Nuevo Trato, (traducción del inglés por Antonio J. Colorado), Río Piedras: Editorial UPR, 1975.

De la carátula:
Se trata de la reconstrucción de uno de los periodos mas interesantes de la historia de Puerto Rico, el que transcurre durante el Nuevo Trato del Presidente Roosevelt. La interacción de los dos centros gubernamentales de San Juan y Washington forman el punto de enfoque de esta importante obra que se da a la estampa bajo el titulo L La Política Puertorriqueña y el Nuevo Trato. Después de un breve capitulo introductorio, el autor comienza su análisis con una descripción del escenario político antes de las elecciones de 1932. El estudio desemboca al finalizar el año 1938, después que, según el autor, “el Nuevo Trato había perdido por completo su impulso renovador en la isla”. En la investigación se utilizaron importantes fuentes documentales, incluyendo colecciones de documentos en la Biblioteca Franklin d. Roosevelt en Hyde Park, las bibliotecas de los departamentos de lo Interior y de la Guerra en Washington, los fondos de la Unión Americana de Derechos Civiles en la Universidad de Princeton, los archivos de La Fortaleza y la importante colección de papeles de Ruby Black, hoy en la Universidad de Puerto Rico. En esta nueva versión total al español, traducida por el doctor Antonio J. Colorado, se han restituido el texto y las notas omitidos en la edición abreviada que publicó el Departamento de Instrucción Publica en 1967.

Un Poitevin Millionnaire aux Antilles: Louis Ragnos

Debien, Gabriel, Un Poitevin Millionnaire aux Antilles: Louis Ragnos (1734-1800), Bulletin de la Société des Antiquaires de l'Ouest, 1977, Extrait : p. 245 – 256.

Gabriel Debien.

Bulletin of the Society of Antiquaries of the West, 4th quarter 1977-4th series, Volume XIV; Extract - Gabriel Debien - A Poitevin millionaire in the Caribbean, Ragnos Louis (1734-1800).

Translation of first paragraph:
In the papers of JB Andrault, a settler from Saint-Sauvant, many times arises the question of Louis Ragnos. It was another Poitevin, also in Saint Domingue, his friend and correspondent. We do not see that profile there, but his face appears so alive, his career if different from that of ordinary colonial planters draws curiosity to that organized research. The man deserves at least a few words here.

Caribbean Quarterly, March 1981 (Journal)

Caribbean Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 1, March 1981.

Available online.

Table of Contents:

Public Opinion and the 1980 Elections in Jamaica, by Carl Stone

Electoral Reform in Jamaica, by G.E. Mills

Electoral Behavior in Montserrat, by Howard Fergus

Elections and Politics in the Eastern Caribbean: July 1979 to August 1980, by Linden Smith

Contemporary Radical Third world Regimes: Prospects for their Survival, by Miles D. Wolpin

Confrontation, by Ronald Fagan

Aftermath, by Ronald Fagan

Color, Class and Politics in Jamaica by Aggrey Brown, reviewed by Rex Nettleford

From Dessalines to Duvalier by David Nicholls, reviewed by J. Michael Dash

Notes to Contributors

Dos Siglos de Libertad

Villarroel, Miguel A., Dos Siglos de Libertad, (Venezuela con motivo del Bicentenario de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica), Caracas: Instituto de Estudios Históricos Mirandinos, 1977.

Hemos dividido el trabajo en dos Capítulos muy definidos. El primero se relaciona, en especial, con el periodo que podríamos llamar “El Nacimiento de una Gran Republica”, donde muy sucintamente tratamos de exponer, los motivos principales que indujeron al pueblo americano a emanciparse de Inglaterra y la importancia que adquirieron esos hechos históricos, que se proyectaron en el mundo y cuyos recuerdos nos traen a la mente el tesonero esfuerzo de los Padres de la Patria, para abrir un sendero de gloria a la nueva Nación, que pronto se convirtió en razón y esperanza de todas las democracias. Recordar estos laureles alcanzados hace doscientos años, es vivir la fresca historia de ese gran país. La segunda parte se relaciona con los episodios políticos y diplomáticos, que han unido a Venezuela con los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica. Sin pretensiones de ninguna clase, hemos expuesto también en forma breve los sucesos que hemos considerado de mayor importancia y los cuales pueden complementar estudios mas extensos, que, alguna vez, han de hacerse sobre tan importantes temas…

Sunday, November 11, 2012

Report of the Antigua Constitutional Conference, 1966

Antigua, Constitutional Conference, Report of the Antigua Constitutional Conference, 1966, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1966.

The purpose of this Conference was to settle in detail arrangements by which Antigua would move to self-government in a new relationship of association with Britain. This would take the place of the existing colonial relationship. (...) The Conference was opened on Monday the 28th of February, 1966, by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, the Earl of Longford, at Marlborough House. It ended on Friday the 25th March, 1966.


Lauffer, Pierre, Raspá, Curaçao: Imprena di Skèrpènè, 1962.

Pierre Antoine Lauffer:
Un dia, den un reunjon na e kas grandi di Brievengat, un damsita a pretendé ku e no por skirbi loke e ta deseá, komo su istorjanan ta asina íntimo i personal, ku otro hende ta kapas di rekonosele mesora. Un eskritor kurasolenjo, kende tabata sintá den e mes reunjon, a bira kontestele: "Shon bunita. Si bo no ke kere, bo ta laga. Pero den e mundu aki tin pa barata dos mijon muhe meskos ku bo." M'a konta e pida istorja aki komo un ilustrashon pa esnan ku por kometé e eror humano di kere ku ta nan m'a describí den kwalke di e kwentanan den Raspá. P.A.L.

Kantika pa Bjentu

Lauffer, Pierre, Kantika pa Bjentu, Oranjestad, Aruba: De Wit N.V., n.d.

Journal of Caribbean Literatures © 2007:
Pierre Antoine Lauffer is considered the national poet of Curaçao. A passionate lover of the language, he added a linguistic and literary dimension to Papiamentu in his poems and short stories

Trozos Recogidos

Goossens, F.E., Trozos Recogidos, New York: The Macmillan Company, 1955.

Ten Geleide:
Met deze "Verzamelde Stukken" hopen we voldaan te hebben aan het verlangen van onze collega's, een lees - en vertaalboekje samen te stellen voor de hoogste klas van onze Muloscholen. We hebben getracht eenvoudige verhaaltjes te kiezen, die door de leerlingen kunnen worden naverteld en die gemakkelijk aanleiding geven tot een gesprek tussen onderwijzer en leerlingen. We durven hopen, dat de stukjes handelend over ons eigen land, er toe zullen bijdragen deze opzet te verwezenlijken. Verder vindt men in deze verzameling voldoende oefenstof voor de vertaling in het Nederlands, die op het Mulo-eindexamen wordt gevraagd. Bij het plaatsen van de accenten, hebben we ons gericht naar de jongste voorschriften van de Real Academia Espanola. Om technische redenen zijn op de hoofdletters geen accenten geplaatst. We willen hierbij onze dank uitspreken aan Mej. H. Zeiler en de Heer R.A. de Rooy, resp. lerares en leraar Spaans M.O. aan de A.M.S. en Kweekschool, die met veel zorg de tekst hebben doorgenomen. Van hun op - en aanmerkingen is dankbaar gebruik gemaakt. Ook danken we oprecht de Heer Luis Daal te Madrid, die enkele stukken voor ons corrigeerde. Moge dit boekje aan zijn doel beantwoorden en de sympathie verwerven zowel van leerlingen als van onderwijzers. --St. Paulusschool, Paramaribo 1 Augustus 1955 -- F.E. Goossens

Google translated:
Preface: This "Collected Pieces" we hope to have fulfilled the desire of our colleagues, reading - and translation booklet together for the highest class of our Mulo Schools. We have tried to choose simple stories, which the students can be retold and readily give rise to a discussion between teacher and students. We dare to hope that the pieces of acting on our own country, it will contribute to the design objectives. Also found in this collection sufficient exercises for translation into Dutch, on the Mulo final exam is requested. When placing the accents, we focused on the latest requirements of the Real Academia Espanola. For technical reasons, no accents on capital letters posted. We would like to express our gratitude to Ms. H. Zeiler and Mr. R. A. de Rooy, respectively. teacher and Spanish teacher M.O. to the A.M.S. and training college, with great care the text have gone through. Of their on - and comments are gratefully used. We also sincerely thank the Lord Luis Daal Madrid, a few pieces for our corrected. May this booklet to his purpose and gain the sympathy of both pupils and teachers. - St. Paul School, Paramaribo August 1, 1955 - F.E. Goossens

Friday, November 9, 2012

Encounter- Rediscovering Latin America

Spender, Stephen, Melvin J. Lasky (Eds.)Encounter- Rediscovering Latin America, Vol. XXV, No. 3, September 1965.

Encounter was a literary magazine, founded in 1953 by poet Stephen Spender and early neoconservative author Irving Kristol. The magazine ceased publication in 1991. Published in the United Kingdom, it was a largely Anglo-American intellectual and cultural journal. The magazine received covert funding from the Central Intelligence Agency, after the CIA and MI6 discussed the founding of an "Anglo-American left-of-centre publication" intended to counter the idea of cold war neutralism. The magazine was rarely critical of American foreign policy, but beyond this editors had considerable publishing freedom.[1] Spender served as literary editor until 1967, when he resigned[2] due to the revelation that year of the covert Central Intelligence Agency funding of the magazine, of which he had heard rumors, but had not been able to confirm.


Mexico City to Buenos Aires, by John Mander

They Gave Us the Land (story), by Juan Rulfo

Spectrum, by James Morris, Albert O. Hirschman, Victor Urquidi, Keith Botsford, Arnold Toynbee

The Spanish Heritage, by J.H. Elliott

Who Are the Indians?, by Jullian Pitt-Rivers

The Mexican Revolution, by Alistair Hennessy

The Brazilian Impasse, by Emanuel de Kadt

The Argentine Trouble, by S.E. Finer

A Visit to Neruda, By Alastair Reid

Poems by João Cabral de Melo Neto, Cesar Vallejo, Nicanor Parra, Octavio Paz, Carlos Drummond de Andrade

Art: International Style, by Lawrence Alloway

The Bones of Cuauhtémoc, by Lewis Hanke

The Modesty of History, by Jorge Luis Borges

The Chilean Experiment, by Hugh O'Shaughnessy

The Two Americas, by Richard Morse

The New Novelists, by Emir Rodríguez Monegal

Politics & Violence, by Malcolm Deas

Puerto Rico's Revolt for Independence: El Grito de Lares

Jiménez de Wagenheim, Olga, Puerto Rico's Revolt for Independence: El Grito de Lares, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1985.

About the Book...
This book is a socioeconomic interpretation of Puerto Rico's first and most significant attempt to end its colonial relationship with Spain. Looking at the imperial policies and conditions within Puerto Rico that led to the 1868 rebellion known as "El Grito de Lares," Dr. Jiménez de Wagenheim compares the colonization of Puerto Rico with that of South America and explores the reasons why the island's independence movement began decades after Spain's other colonies in the region had revolted. Through the extensive use of previously unresearched archive material, she examines the economic and social backgrounds of the leaders of the rebel movement, corrects many errors of earlier accounts of the revolt, and offers new interpretations of its impact on Spanish-Puerto Rican relations.

Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Los Registros-Cedularios del Consejo de Indias

Muro Orejón, Antonio, Los registros-cedularios del Consejo de Indias, Separata de Anales de la Universidad Hispalense, Volumen XVIII, Años 1957 - 1958, Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos, 1957 - 1958.

Antonio Muro Orejón:
Nacido en Sevilla (19 de Junio de 1904), se licenció con Premio Extraordinario en la Facultad de derecho de esta ciudad (1926), alcanzando el Doctorado en Madrid, en 1928. Su paralela vocación humanística le llevó a cursar también la carrera de la Filosofía y letras, cuya Licenciatura (en la Sección de Historia) obtuvo en Sevilla, en 1946.

Ver también Homenaje Al Dr. Muro Orejón Vol. uno y dos.

Significación del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico en la Unión Americana

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Significación del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico en la Unión Americana, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 14 de febrero de 1958. [tres copias]

Discurso pronunciado en la Asamblea Anual de la Cámara de Comercio de Puerto Rico, San Juan, 14 de febrero de 1958.

Sunday, November 4, 2012

Puerto Rican Politics and the New Deal

Mathews, Thomas G., Puerto Rican Politics and the New Deal, Jacksonville, Fla.: University of Florida Press, 1960. [Two copies]

Reviewed in Foreign Affairs.
Reviewed by Sidney W. Mintz in The Americas © 1962.

From the author’s Preface:
This study attempts to investigate in detail the political activity in Puerto Rico during the very short but interesting period of the New Deal administration in Washington. The interaction between the two governmental centers of San Juan and Washington is, of course, an important center of focus. After a brief introductory chapter, the analysis opens with an exposition of the political picture prior to the election of 1932. The study ends with the close of 1938 after the New Deal has definitely lost its renovating drive on the island. Indeed, we will attempt to show that it was at this time not renovating, but in some ways was reactionary in character.

Excerpt from the Foreword by Rexford Guy Tugwell:
Professor Mathews takes his readers through the trials and adjustments, the arguments and machinations, of some formative years when Puerto Rico was on the verge of some dramatic changes. It is almost a miracle, I have sometimes thought, that Puerto Rico did not in the forties become independent. The Philippines did; and peoples adherent in one or another way with all the old Empires were demanding it. And it was the way neighboring Cuba had gone. Certainly the United States would have been willing. I often said so when I was governor. With President Roosevelt’s concurrence, I habitually told the Puerto Ricans that they need not try to pose as minions, exploited and downtrodden. They were, I told them, friends and brothers. And friends and brothers associate; they do not quarrel. If Puerto Ricans should choose to sever the old relationships, we continentals would see them go in peace and with our best wishes.

Trials and Triumphs

Ottley, Earle B., Trials and Triumphs, United States: Earl B. Ottley, 1982.[two copies]

The last of seven children born to Eulalia Queeman and Henry Ottley, Earl B. Ottley, champion of his people was born on March 21, 1922. A product of the local public school system, he completed his high school training in 1939. … “The Daily News” a budding news media at that time seemed to have attracted young Ottley, and he soon joined this staff as an assistant editor. Seasoned with some work experience, he entered Columbia University… enrolling in Journalism and Political Sciences. (…) In 1947 Ottley entered the Senatorial race by running as an independent candidate for the St. Thomas – St. John Municipal Council. He was successful. Since then he has been an undefeated Senator in the Legislative Halls of the U.S. Virgin Islands.