Juan Bautista Muñoz (Museros, 12 June 1745 – Valencia, 1799) was an 18th Century Spanish philosopher and historian. (…)From 1757 to 1770, Juan Bautista Muñoz was at the University of Valencia, initially as a student, then as a teacher. He received his Master of Arts and Bachelors in Philosophy in 1760, and a Doctorate in Theology by 1765. (…) On July 17, 1779, Charles III formally placed Muñoz with the responsibility of writing a comprehensive history of the Spanish conquest and colonization of the Americas, in an effort to set the record straight, snuff out various apocryphal stories and leyenda negra rumors circulating throughout Europe and defend Spanish territorial rights in America from the encroaching claims of other European powers. Muñoz set about collecting and examining documentary material scattered in various archives throughout Spain and Portugal, with the objective of turning his history into an objective reference work.