Saturday, December 28, 2013

Symposium: Is Puerto Rico Fully Self-Governing?

Templin, Ralph T., Symposium: Is Puerto Rico Fully Self-Governing?, (re-printed from the Journal of Human Relations, Vol. II, No. 1, Autumn, 1953), Cedarville, OH: Ralph Templin, 1953.

From the author’s obituary:
Dr. Templin was acquainted with Gandhi during his years as an educational missionary (under the control of the Methodist Church) in India, and he was well known as an interpreter of Gandhi’s ideas. This was the subject of his last public lecture, delivered some months ago at Wittenberg University. His educational work in India was ended when he took a public stand in behalf of the nonviolent movement for Indian freedom, and in 1940 he and his family were expelled by the pro-British authorities. He returned to the United States to become director of the School of Living, 1941-45, at Suffern, New York. After receiving his degree of doctor of education from Columbia University, in 1946, he moved with his family to Yellow springs to work with Arthur E. Morgan in Community Service, Inc. He later taught sociology at Wilmington College, and in 1948 was appointed professor sociology at Central State University, where he also took on the editorship of the Journal of Human Relations, which he continued after his retirement in 1962.

Election of Governor: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Territorial and Insular Possessions of the Committee on Public Lands, House of Representatives, Eightieth Congress First Session on HR 3309

Subcommittee on Territorial and Insular Possessions of the Committee on Public Lands, Election of Governor: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Territorial and Insular Possessions of the Committee on Public Lands, House of Representatives, Eightieth Congress First Session on HR 3309 A Bill to Amend the Organic Act of Puerto Rico, Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, May 19, 1947.(contained a sheet with some notes by Dr. Mathews)

From the statement (PDF) of: Jesús T. Piñero (the first native Puerto Rican to be appointed governor of Puerto Rico by the Government of the United States):
Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I am delighted to have the opportunity to testify on the bills you are considering to amend the Organic Act of Puerto Rico. If the Congress enacts either of these bills, the people of Puerto Rico will elect their Governor beginning next year, and the Governor will be allowed to appoint the heads of the executive departments and the justices of the supreme court. As Secretary Krug has just told you, this is something that all Puerto Ricans want.

Discurso de Don Luis Muñoz Marín: Gobernador del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico con motivo de su Inauguración el 2 de enero de 1953

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Discurso de Don Luis Muñoz Marín: Gobernador del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico con motivo de su Inauguración el 2 de enero de 1953, San Juan: Departamento de Hacienda, 1953.

Governor Muñoz Marín officially took office on January 2, 1949. He held the post of Governor for sixteen years, being re-elected again in 1952, 1956 and 1960.

Puerto Rico, 1964: A People at the Crossroads

Rexach Benítez, Roberto & Celeste Benítez, Puerto Rico, 1964: A People at the Crossroads, Humacao, PR: Rexach Benítez, June, 1964.

Roberto Rexach Benítez (December 18, 1929 – April 4, 2012) also known as his stage name Bobby, was a Puerto Rican politician, and former Senator and Representative.

Puerto Rico in the Area of Democracy

Muñoz Marín, Luis, Puerto Rico in the Area of Democracy, Issue 1 of The University of Puerto Rico Bulletin, Series XII, September, 1941.

Commencement address delivered before the graduating class of the University of Puerto Rico, May 28, 1941 & Fourth of July Address, broadcast by Luis Muñoz Marín, President of the Senate of Puerto Rico, July 4, 1941

Friday, December 27, 2013

Rural Santo Domingo: Settled, Unsettled, and Resettled

Clausner, Marlin D., Rural Santo Domingo: Settled, Unsettled, and Resettled, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1973.

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1974.

From a flier:
The history of the Dominican Republic is the history of almost five centuries of land settlement, for the majority of Dominicans still live in rural areas, and whatever affects those areas is of national importance. Thus the focus of this well documented study – perhaps the most concentrated yet comprehensive history ever made of the Dominican Republic – is on the campesinos, or country folk, who have repeatedly been the victims of colonial exploitation and foreign invasion.

History of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement, Vol. I (19th Century)

Lidin, Harold J., History of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement, Vol. I (19th Century), Hato Rey: Harold Lidin, 1981.

From the author’s Preface:
This work tells how the Puerto Rican independence movement began, what keeps it alive, why it inspires, why it stumbles, why it sometimes kills. Neither this first volume, which analyzes the 19th century movement, nor the second volume – which will cover the 20th century through 1980 – predicts whether the independence movement will terminate in triumph or defeat. The third, and presumably final volume, will include the answer.

Self Determination for Puerto Rico

Senior, Clarence, Self Determination for Puerto Rico, New York, NY: Post War World Council, April, 1946.

From the Foreword by Oswald Garrision Villard:
This pamphlet is published by the Post War World Council not merely because of the unusual competence of Clarence Senior, the autor, but because the time for a showdown as to Puerto Rico is at hand. The coming to this country of a deputation headed by Muñoz Marín, the outstanding political leader of the island, the vote of the Puerto Rican Legislature for a plebiscite on the future of the island and the right to elect its governor – both vetoed by Governor Tugwell (and repassed over his veto) as infringing upon the privileges of Congress and the President – and the general rising the world over of colonial peoples, all these make it clear that the United States must decide at once upon a new policy toward the island. So does the long report on its status just published by the United States Tariff Commission, which document urges the immediate uprooting of no less than one million persons and their distribution abroad, wherever they may be placed, as the only remedy for the island’s menacing overpopulation save birth control.

La Independencia: Única Solución del Status Político de Puerto Rico

Soltero Peralta, Rafael, La Independencia: Única Solución del Status Político de Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR: Publicaciones del Congreso Pro Independencia de Puerto Rico, 1945.

De la portada:
Un estudio razonado del problema del status político de Puerto Rico donde se analizan la Independencia, la Estadidad y la Autonomía, y donde se demuestra que la Independencia es la única solución. Ponencia presentada por el Lcdo. Rafael Soltero Peralta, Catedrático de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, en la Convención de Trabajo Social celebrada en Caguas, Puerto Rico el 27 de enero de 1945.

Puerto Rico: Self Determination in Practice

Morales Carrion, Arturo, Puerto Rico: Self Determination in Practice, San Juan, PR: Department of Education Press, 1953.

From the pamphlet cover:
This lectura was sponsored by the Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas, in April 1953. Extracts were previously used in a fórum at the Hispanic American Institute at the University of Miami in March, 1953.

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

Aclaraciones Históricas de Santo Domingo

Balcácer, Juan Daniel, Aclaraciones Históricas de Santo Domingo, Santo Domingo: Editora Cosmos, 1977.

Juan Daniel Balcácer:
Nació en Santo Domingo el 28 de marzo de 1949. Historiador y ensayista. Cursó su educación primaria e intermedia en Santo Domingo y el bachillerato en la ciudad de New York. Ha sido profesor invitado del Departamento de Historia de la Universidad de Alabama, profesor de Historia de la Cultura Dominicana de Apec y de Historia Crítica Dominicana de la Universidad Católica Santo Domingo. Es miembro de la Academia Dominicana de la Historia, de la Academia Dominicana de Ciencias, del Instituto Duartiano, de la Sociedad Dominicana de Bibliófilos y director de la Fundación Peña Batlle..

I. Toussaint Louverture En Santo Domingo.

II. Sánchez Ramírez, La Reconquista y la España Boba.

III. ¿Quién decapitó a Louis Ferrand?

IV. La proceridad espúrea de José Núñez de Cáceres.

V. Historia de la Trinitaria.

VI. La Revolución de 1844.

VII. Historia de la Triada Duarte – Sánchez – Mella.

VIII. Los Verdaderos Padres de la Patria: Juan Isidro Pérez y Pedro Alejandrino Pina.

IX. Praxis e ideología en la vida de Juan Pablo Duarte.

X. La Doctrina de Monroe: Una Falsa y desorientada Interpretación.

XI. En torno a los seibanos.

XII. La Invasión de Penn y Venables.

XIII. DOMINICANO: Historia de un Gentilicio Atípico.

XIV. Rasgos Biográficos de Pedro H. Ureña.

XV. ¿Fue Olivorio un “Dios” Anti-imperialista?

Índice de Personas y de Lugares.

Tropical Childhood: Cultural Transmission and Learning in a Rural Puerto Rican Village

Landy, David, Tropical Childhood: Cultural Transmission and Learning in a Rural Puerto Rican Village, New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Reviewed in American Journal of Sociology © 1961.

Reviewed in Marriage and Family Living © 1961.

Reviewed in American Anthropologist.

From the Acknowledgments:
The primary acknowledgment must be rendered the Social Science Research Center of the University of Puerto Rico and its director Millard Hansen, for foresight in launching the Family Life Project, of which this study is a part. Special thanks are also due Reuben Hill, of the University of Minnesota and director of the Family Life Project, for his forbearance and understanding in helping the writer see his portion of that project through to completion. His careful and detailed criticisms were indispensable in achieving greater clarity and utility for the data. Gratitude is also expressed to J. Mayone Stycos of Cornell University for many helpful suggestions

La República Dominicana Frente a la Integración Económica

De Ravelo, Clara, Manuel José Cabral, Ramón Pérez Minaya, Bernardo Vega & Julio E. Estrella, La República Dominicana frente a la integración económica, (Seminario auspiciado por la Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra y celebrado el 15 y 16 de julio de 1967 en el Hotel Montaña, Jarabacoa), Santiago, República Dominicana: Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, 1967.

Del Índice:
Teoría de la Integración, por Clara de Ravelo.

Logros de la Integración en Latinoamérica, por Manuel José Cabral.

La República Dominicana hacia la Integración con Latinoamérica a través del Caribe, por Ramón Pérez Minaya.

La República Dominicana Hacia la Integración con Latinoamérica a través de ALALC, por Bernardo Vega.

La República Dominicana Hacia la Integración con Latinoamérica a través del Mercado Comun Centroamericano, por Julio C. Estrella

Sunday, December 15, 2013

Crisis of Small States in the Present Economic World

Mejia-Ricart, Marcio Antonio, Crisis of Small States in the Present Economic World: a study of the problems of small underdeveloped states, with special reference to Central America and the Caribbean area, London: Farm Intelligence, 1960. (2 copies)

From the cover:
Crisis of Small States in the Present Economic World is an astute and penetrating diagnosis of the social, political and economic realities of the twentieth century. Using the Latin American and Caribbean nations as the basis of his study the autor analyzes the economic ills which beset so many underdeveloped areas, defines the complex social and political factors at work and dissects the relationship between these forces. He then goes on to discuss the ways in which these forces might be combined and utilized so as to relieve the crushing poverty of the world’s backward nations


Chapter I – Some Concepts.

Chapter II – The Crisis of Agricultural Production.

Chapter III – The Industrialization – A Necessity.

Chapter IV – The Factors Necessary for Industrialization.

Chapter V – Special Problems of the Industrialization of Small States.

Chapter VI – Planning Necessary to Achieve Industrialization in Small Countries.

Chapter VII – Democracy in Small Countries and the New Role of the Government.

Summary and Conclusions.

Thursday, December 12, 2013

The Battle of the Spanish Armada, 1588

Marx Robert F., The Battle of the Spanish Armada 1588, Cleveland: World Pub. Co., 1965. [two copies]

At Free Books Online.

See also Naufragios en Aguas Mexicanas, and Pirate Port: The story of the sunken city of Port Royal.

The Battle of the Lepanto 1571

Marx Robert F., The Battle of the Lepanto 1571, Cleveland: World Publishing, ©1966.

The Battle of Lepanto took place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, a coalition of southern European Catholic maritime states, decisively defeated the main fleet of the Ottoman Empire in five hours of fighting on the northern edge of the Gulf of Corinth, off western Greece. The Ottoman forces sailing westwards from their naval station in Lepanto … met the Holy League forces, which had come from Messina, Sicily, where they had previously gathered.

Saturday, December 7, 2013

Historia Dominicana para Niños: Cuarto Curso

Moya Pons, Frank, Historia dominicana para niños: cuarto curso,Sec. de Estado de Educación, Bellas Artes y Cultos, Sección de Canje y Difusión Cultural, 1977.

A los padres y maestros (extractos):
Este libro ha sido escrito para ser leído por todos, niños y adultos, y para ser utilizado como texto en la enseñanza de la Historia Dominicana en el Cuarto Curso de la Escuela Primaria. Ha sido escrito especialmente para que los niños de nuestras escuelas aprendan como transcurrió nuestra historia desde antes del Descubrimiento de nuestra Isla hasta la proclamación de la Independencia en 1844.
Este libro ha sido escrito en una forma narrativa y analítica que asegura la noción de la continuidad de cada proceso estudiado en cada capítulo. La Historia es fundamentalmente acontecer. Y el acontecer es siempre fluido y continuo. En la enseñanza de la Historia en la Escuela Primaria es aconsejable mantener siempre viva la noción de la continuidad porque solo con ella adquiere el alumno la comprensión de la causalidad de los hechos y su significado y, por lo tanto, mantiene su interés en lo que estudia. Si esto no ocurre, el alumno se ve obligado a recurrir a la memoria como último recurso. El aprendizaje de la Historia debe llevarse a cabo a través de la comprensión de las causalidades y del sentido de los acontecimientos. La memoria como único recurso produce solo conocimientos frágiles y fragmentarios de difícil retención en la conciencia.

La función de la Historia es crear conciencia nacional, y ésta se adquiere a través de la comprensión del pasado. La memorización de fechas y hechos aislados solo produce una visión anecdótica de lo que fue. Por esta razón este libro ha sido escrito poniendo mayor énfasis en los procesos y causas que en fechas y hechos aislados sin conexión entre sí. Aprendida de esta manera la Historia, el alumno adquirirá una noción clara del por qué del pasado de su pueblo y terminará siendo un ciudadano más consciente.

Tabla de Contenido:
A los padres y maestros

1. Los indios tainos

2. Los españoles y el Descubrimiento de América

3. La Conquista

4. El azúcar,los negros y los esclavos

5. La ganadería y el contrabando

6. Las Devastaciones de 1605 y 1606

7. Corsarios, bucaneros y filibusteros

8. La Isla se divide en dos colonias

9. La vida colonial dominicana

10. La Revolución Haitiana

11. Las primeras invasiones haitianas.

12. La Reconquista

13. La España Boba y la Independencia Efímera

14. La Dominación Haitiana

15. La Independencia


Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Bartolomé de Las Casas: An Interpretation of His Life and Writings

Hanke, Lewis, Bartolomé de Las Casas: An Interpretation of His Life and Writings, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1951. (cover destroyed by termites)


Chapter I – The Struggle for Justice in the Spanish Conquest of America.
The unique quality of Spanish colonization; Interpretations of the struggle for justice; The climate of opinion in sixteenth century Spain; The nature of the Indians; The sermons of Montesinos; The colonization attempts in Venezuela; Peaceful preaching in Guatemala; The passage and revocation of the New Laws.

Chapter II – Bartolomé de las Casas: Political Theorist and Historian.
What made Spanish domination in America legitimate?; The political theories of Las Casas; Free speech in America; Just and unjust titles to the New World; Influence of the dispute; Why Las Casas wrote history; The controversy concerning his historical work; His virtues and defects as historian; The publication of the History of the Indies; The ,,destruction of the Indies.

Chapter III – Bartolomé de las Casas: Anthropologist.
Was Las Casas an anthropologist?; The Apologetic History; What Las Casas tried to prove; Aristotle and America; Judgment on the anthropological work of Las Casas.

Chapter IV – Conclusion..

Bosquejo Histórico De Las Letras Cubanas

Portuondo, José Antonio, Bosquejo Histórico De Las Letras Cubanas, La Habana: Editora del Ministerio de Educación, 1962.

Instituto de Literatura y Lingüística:
Al triunfo de la Revolución en 1959, [José Antonio Portuondo] se reincorporó al claustro de profesores de la Universidad de Oriente. En 1960 fue designado Embajador de Cuba en México por el Gobierno revolucionario, cargo que ocupó hasta 1962. En ese período integró la delegación cubana a la VI y VII Reuniones de consulta de Ministros de Relaciones Exteriores de la Organización de Est ados Americanos, en San José, Costa Rica (1960) y a la Primera Conferencia Cumbre de Países No Alineados, en Belgrado (1961). Formó parte asimismo de la delegación que en 1961 visitó de manera oficial Checoslovaquia, URSS y China, presidida por el doctor Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado y fue delegado al Primer Congreso de la Unión de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba, en el que resultó electo vicepresidente de esa Institución. Recopiló y prologó ese año una edición de El pensamiento vivo de Maceo. En 1962 asumió la rectoría de la Universidad de Oriente.

Estudios sobre Fray Bartolomé de las Casas y sobre la Lucha por la Justicia en la Conquista Española de América

Hanke, Lewis, Estudios sobre fray Bartolomé de las Casas y sobre la lucha por la justicia en la conquista española de América, Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1968.

De la portada del libro:
Estudios sobre fray Bartolomé de las Casas y sobre la lucha por la justicia en la conquista española de América no nos planteará de nuevo la alternativa de las leyendas “negra” y “dorada”, sino, por el contrario, nos dará una imagen más exacta acerca del verdadero significado de la conquista española; además, Lewis Hanke ha querido llevar más allá de lo ordinario esta magnífica recopilación de sus ensayos sobre el “apóstol de los indios”, logrando matices insospechados de la vida de este: ¿fue Las Casas un erudito?, ¿precursor de la antropología?, ¿existencialista? Estas y muchas otras interrogantes serán debidamente clarificadas con la lectura de estas páginas, inmersas en la polémica definidora, notable característica de la moderna metodología histórica.

Política y Gobierno en la República Dominicana 1930 - 1966

Wiarda, Howard J., Política y Gobierno en la República Dominicana 1930 - 1966, (edición En Inglés Y Español), Santiago, República Dominicana: Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, 1968.

De la introducción:
Desde el punto de vista de su organización, la bibliografía se ha dividido en dos grandes partes, una que cubre el período de Trujillo y la otra el posterior a Trujillo; a su vez estas dos grandes secciones se han subdividido en listas de artículos, libros y fuentes inéditas. Los periódicos y revistas se encuentran juntos bajo un encabezamiento aparte, ya que en su mayor parte continuaron saliendo desde el periodo de Trujillo hasta el posterior a este. La fecha límite de 1930 ha sido escogida no solamente por razones de conveniencia, sino porque esta fecha parece representar, en muchos sentidos, un cambio en el curso de la historia dominicana.

Cuba Paraíso Perdido?

Restrepo, Camilo, Cuba Paraíso Perdido?, Medellín: Editorial Bedout, 1970.

De la introducción:
El autor de este libro, Camilo Restrepo, ex director ejecutivo de la revista “Cromos” y actualmente columnista de “El Tiempo”, fue designado presidente de la delegación colombiana al VI campeonato mundial de ajedrez por equipos que se llevo a cabo en la Habana. Por un lapso de algo más de un mes, el autor tuvo oportunidad de recorrer citada ciudad y sus alrededores.

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Caribbean Integration: Papers on Social, Political, and Economic Integration

Lewis, Sybil & Thomas G. Mathews, Eds., Caribbean Integration: Papers on Social, Political, and Economic Integration, {Third Caribbean Scholars' Conference, Georgetown, Guyana, April 4 - 9, 1966}, Rio Piedras: Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of Puerto Rico, 1967. [6 additional copies in box 21]

Foreword, by Thomas G. Mathews

Program of the Conference

List of the Participants

Social Science Ideology and the Politics of National Integration, by Robert W. Anderson.

Fiscal Aspects of Economic Integration with Special Reference to Selected Caribbean Countries, by Fuat M. Andic.

Current Development Strategy and Economic Integration in the Caribbean, by Lloyd Best.

Planning and the Price Mechanism in the Context of Caribbean Economic Integration, by William G. Demas.

Regional Integration vs Company Integration in the Utilization of Caribbean Bauxite, by Norman P. Girvan.

Integration, Domination and the Small State System: the Caribbean, by Vaughan Lewis and Archie W. Singham.

Caribbean Nationhood in Anthropological Perspective, by Sydney W. Mintz.

The Caribbean: Geopolitics and Geo-history, by Richard Morse.

La integración política en Puerto Rico, by Milton Pabón.

La Jueyera: Enajenación y Pseudo Conflicto, by Eduardo Seda Bonilla.

Integration and Developing Countries: Some Thoughts on East Africa and Central America, by Aaron Segal.

Social Stratification, Culturral Pluralism and Integration in West Indian Societies, by Raymond T. Smith.

La Economía Cubana Entre las Dos Isabeles: 1492-1832

Ely, Roland T., La economía cubana entre las dos Isabeles: 1492-1832, Bogotá: Aedita Editores, 1962.

Del Prefacio, escrito por Julio Le Riverend:
Este libro que, en verdad, forma parte de otro, de muy copiosa información sobre la industria y el comercio azucareros de Cuba en el Siglo XIX, constituye un buen recuento de la economía cubana, particularmente desde 1776 hasta 1832. Lo que equivale decir: en el momento revelador de las enormes posibilidades de riqueza del país.


Acerca del Autor

Capítulo I
Desde el Descubrimiento hasta 1776.

Capítulo II
Factores que ayudaron al emerger de Cuba como Reina del Caribe
1) La independencia de los Estados Unidos
2) Los funcionarios coloniales
3) La destrucción de Santo Domingo

Capítulo III
Los problemas de la agricultura cubana: su solución parcial y sus efectos sociales


Boom, Doom, and Gloom over the Oceans: The Economic Zone, the Developing Nations, and the Conference on the Law of the Sea

Borgese, Elisabeth Mann, Boom, Doom, and Gloom over the Oceans: The Economic Zone, the Developing Nations, and the Conference on the Law of the Sea, reprinted from The San Diego Law Review, Vol. 11, Num. 3, May, 1974.

Available online.

1916: Ocupación Yanqui de la República Dominicana

Álvarez Quiñones, Roberto, 1916: Ocupación Yanqui de la República Dominicana, La Habana: Casa de las Américas, 1978.

The United States occupation of the Dominican Republic occurred from 1916 to 1924. It was one of the many interventions in Latin America undertaken by American military forces. On May 13, 1916,[1] Rear Admiral William B. Caperton forced the Dominican Republic's Secretary of War Desiderio Arias, who had seized power from Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra, to leave Santo Domingo by threatening the city with naval bombardment.

Roberto Alvarez Quiñones is a veteran journalist and economic analyst who worked for 20 years in Granma, the official organ of the Communist Party of Cuba. He worked as an editor and columnist for the daily La Opinión in Los Angeles, from 1996-2008. Former university professor and former economic analyst for U.S. Hispanic TV.

The Journal of the College of the Virgin Islands

Dookhan, Isaac, (Editor), The Journal of the College of the Virgin Islands, No. 3, May 1977.

Consciousness in the Novels of Wright Morris: An Introduction, by Lincoln Westdal.

Evaluation as a Process: Some Associated Concepts and Their Applications to Health Care Delivery, by Maxine A. Núñez.

The Issue of Dependence with Reference to Latin America and the Caribbean, by Ronald Parris.

Dental Histology of the Permian Reptile Dictybolos Tener Olson, by William MacLean.

Perceptions of Institutionalized Aging in the United States Virgin Islands, by Maureen McCarthy.

Saturday, November 16, 2013

Report of the Commission of Inquiry to Santo Domingo

Wade, Benjamin Franklin; White, Andrew Dickson; Howe, Samuel Gridley, (Commissioners), Dominican Republic. Report of the Commission of Inquiry to Santo Domingo, with the introductory message of the President, special reports ... state papers furnished by the Dominican government, and the statements of over seventy witnesses, Washington: GPO, 1871.

Available online.

Note by Dale:
The book lacks the front cover and is stamped as “Property of the The Supreme Council, 33°, Southern Jurisdiction”, the first Supreme Council of Scottish Rite Freemasonry. The book also has a hand written gift dedication in Spanish to who appears as a “Calesby Jones”, from who appears as a A. or H. “Faubuión” and dated December 15, 1966.

The Annexation of Santo Domingo was an attempted treaty during later Reconstruction, initiated by President Ulysses S. Grant in 1869, to annex “Santo Domingo” (as the Dominican Republic was then commonly known) as a U.S. territory, with the promise of eventual statehood. President Grant believed that that the annexed territory (on the island of Hispaniola) would serve as a safe haven for African Americans from the Southern United States, who were suffering violent persecution by the Ku Klux Klan. Grant also believed that the acquisition of Santo Domingo would help bring about the end of slavery in those parts of the Americas that still practised it, such as Brazil. A further motive was Dominican agricultural and mineral resources would benefit the U.S. economy. A U.S. naval port in the Dominican Republic would also serve as protection for a projected canal across the Isthmus of Darien.

Contemporary International Relations of the Caribbean

Ince,Basil A. (Ed.), Contemporary International Relations of the Caribbean, St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago: Institute of International Relations, University of the West Indies, 1979.(signed by the author for Dr. Mathews)

Reviewed in Caribbean Quarterly © 1979.

Reviewed in International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) © 1980.

Reviewed in Foreign Affairs.


The Commonwealth Caribbean Policy of Non-Alignment, by Vaughan A. Lewis.
Caribbean Economic Development and Third World Trade, by Adlith Brown.
The Commonwealth Caribbean and Africa: Aspects of Third World Racial Interactions, Linkages and Challenges, by Locksley Edmondson and Peter Phillips.
Commonwealth Caribbean – Latin American Relations: Emerging Patterns of Co-operation and Conflict, by Anthony T. Bryan.
The International Relations of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico with special reference to the Caribbean and Latin America, by Angel Calderon Cruz.


Towards Understanding the Dynamics of Nationalization in the Caribbean, by Maurice Odle.
Building a Nation: The Post-Independence Political Experience in Guyana, by Maurice St. Pierre.
External Dependence and National Dependence – A Case Study of the Bahamas, by Ramesh Ramsaran.


Race and Ideology in the Foreign Relations of Independent Guyana: The Case of the East Indians, by Basil A. Ince.
From Populist Nationalism to Corporate Nationalism – Trinidad and Tobago A Brief Overview, by Carl Parris.
Non-Salience of Foreign Policy Issues in Trinidad and Tobago Elections: A Note, by Basil A. Ince.
The Impact of Economic Factors on the Foreign Policy of Barbados, by George L. Reid.


Neo-Colonialism and Caribbean Integration, by Clive Thomas.
Trade Prospects and Foreign Exchange Needs of Three Non-Oil Producing Commonwealth Caribbean Countries by Anthony Gonzales.
Some Economic Aspects of Departmentalization in the French West Indies, by Jean Crusol.
The Economic Development of Small Countries: A Managerial Approach, by Courtenay Blackman.

The Historical Geography of St. Kitts and Nevis, the West Indies

Merrill, Gordon C., The Historical Geography of St. Kitts and Nevis, the West Indies, Mexico City, México: Instituto Pan Americano de Geografía e Historia, 1958.

From the author’s foreword:
This article in its original form was submitted in 1956 to the University of California at Berkeley as a doctoral dissertation in geography. My aim has been to examine the geography of the past in St. Kitts and Nevis, in order to understand more fully the evolution of the cultural landscape of these islands during the more than three centuries since the beginning of European settlement. Colonial life held much in common in all the islands of the British West Indies, and more particularly during the period before emancipation. I present my work as a contribution to our knowledge of the cultural history of the West Indies.

The "Redlegs" of Barbados, Their Origins and History

Sheppard, Jill, The "Redlegs" of Barbados, their origins and history. Millwood, New York: KTO Press, 1977.

Reviewed in The Americas © 1979.

See The Poor Whites of Barbados, by Thomas J. Keagy.

See also A Historical Sketch of the Poor Whites of Barbados: From Indentured Servants to "Redlegs" in Caribbean Studies.

Redlegs is a term used to refer to the class of poor whites that live on Barbados, St. Vincent, Grenada and a few other Caribbean islands. Their forebears came from Ireland, Scotland and the West of England.[1] Many of their ancestors were transported by Oliver Cromwell.[2] Others had originally arrived on Barbados in the early to mid 17th century as slaves or indentured servants. Small groups of Germans and Portuguese were also imported as plantation labourers. Many were described as "white slaves".[citation needed] According to folk etymology, the name is derived from the effects of the tropical sun on their fair-skinned legs. However, the term "Redlegs" and its variants were in use for Irish soldiers of the same sort as those later transported to Barbados, and the variant "Red-shankes" is recorded as early as the 16th century by Edmund Spenser in his dialogue on the current condition of Ireland.

The Face of the Sun Kingdoms: The Indians of Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador and Peru, and Their Ancient Lands

Bunzl, George, (photographer) The Face of the Sun Kingdoms: The Indians of Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador and Peru, and Their Ancient Lands, South Brunswick, New York: A. S. Barnes, 1969.

See Inventory of the George Bunzl Photograph Collection, 1951-1976.

Sunday, November 10, 2013

The Green Continent: A Comprehensive View of Latin America by its Leading Writers

Arciniegas, German, The Green Continent: a comprehensive view of Latin America by its leading writers, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1944

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1945.

Reviewed in The Americas © 1944.

Reviewed in Time Magazine.

Introduction: Our Little Big World.

PART I: Landscape and Man

The Pampas. Life in the Argentine Republic. From “Facundo” by Domingo F. Sarmiento. Translated from the Spanish by Mrs. Horace Mann.
The Jungle. The Vortex. From “La Vorágine” by José Eustasio Rivera. Translated from the Spanish by Earle K. James.
The Uplands. The Hungry Dogs. From “Los Perros Hambrientos” by Ciro Alegría.
The Land of Brazil. Canaan. From Canaan by Graça Aranha. Translated from the Portuguese by Mariano Joaquin Llorente.
The Valley of Mexico. Silhouette of the Mexican Indian Woman. By Gabriela Mistral.
The Mountains. Coffee: Its Life Story. From “La Tempestad” by Flavio Herrera.
The Caribbean Sea. Castaways of the Earth. From “Náufragos de la tierra” by Gregorio Castañeda Aragón.
The Lakes of the South. The Lakes of the South. By Victoria Ocampo.
The Oceans of Chile. Captain Oyarzo. From “Chilenos del Mar” by Mariano Latorre.
Our Rivers. The Waterfalls of South America. From “La Raza Cósmica” by José Vasconcelos.

PART II: The March of Time

16th Century: The Conquest. Caxamarca. From "Atahuallpa" by Benjamín Carrión.
17th Century: The Colony. St. Rose of Lima. From "Tesoros Verdaderos de las Indias" by Juan de Meléndez.
18th Century: The Revolution. Rebellion and Death of Tupac-Amaru. From various contemporary reports.
19th Century: Anarchy and Dictatorship. Melgarejo. From "Los Caudillos Bárbaros" by Alcides Arguedas.
20th Century: America Today and Tomorrow. Thoughts of the American Mind. By Alfonso Reyes. The Transformation of America in Our Time. By Sanín Cano.

PART III: Bronzes and Marbles

Simón Bolívar. Bolívar's First Campaign. From "Bolívar y la Emancipación de las Colonias Españolas" by Jules Mancini.
José de San Martín. The Army of the Andes. From "El Santo de la Espada" by Ricardo Rojas.
Dom Pedro. History of the Reign of Dom Pedro II. From "Historia de Dom Pedro II" by Heitor Lyra.
Francisco Miranda. Don Francisco Miranda in Russia. From "Aventura y Tragedia de Don Francisco Miranda" by José Nucete-Sardi.
José Martí. Martí in Prison. From "Martí El Apostol" by Jorge Mañach.
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Sarmiento the Educator. From "Historia de Sarmiento" by Leopoldo Lugones.
Juan Montalvo. Montalvo. From "Cinco Ensayos" by José Enrique Rodó.

PART IV: The Cities

Rio de Janeiro. Sun, Sea, and Samba. By Enrico Verissimo.
Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires. By Julio Rinaldini.
The City of Mexico. The Colonial City. From "Visionario de la Nueva España" by Genaro Estrada.
Lima. Lima, Past and Present. From "Pequeña Antología" by Raúl Porras Barrenechea.
Cartagena. Cartagena. From "Ciudades de Colombia" by Armando Solano

PART V: The Color of Life

The Sertões. Description of Antonio Conselheiro. From "Os Sertões" by Euclydes da Cunha.
Indian and White Man. Parallel 53 South. From "Paralelo 53 Sur" by Juan Marín.
Poor Negro. Poor Nigger. From "El Pobre Negro" by Rómulo Gallegos.
The Chaco War. The Well. From "Sangre de Mestizos" by Augusto Céspedes.
The Guarany World. Our Unsung Heroes. From "Libro de los Heroes" by Juan O'Leary.
The Guerrillero. Pancho Villa on the Cross. From "El Aguila y la Serpiente" by Martín Luis Guzmán.

El Barracón: Esclavitud y Capitalismo en Cuba

Pérez de La Riva, Juan, El barracón: esclavitud y capitalismo en Cuba, Barcelona: Editorial Crítica, 1978.

Juan Pérez de la Riva y Pons (París, 1913-1976) Historiador cubano, perteneciente a una familia de terratenientes isleños.
El historiador cubano Ramón de Armas destacó de la obra de Pérez de la Riva haber innovado en la metodología histórica al introducir el estudio de las cifras económicas en el análisis histórico. En sus análisis históricos, interrelacionó la sociedad, con el hombre y la naturaleza, a efectos de inferir la evolución de la población.


1. El barracón de ingenio en la época esclavista
La vivienda del esclavo cubano en la legislación
Los orígenes del barracón
El barracón – nave cubano
Las causas del barracón
El barracón de patio
La vida en el barracón

2. Notas sobre las monedas utilizadas en la costa de África durante el siglo XVIII
El cauri
El paquete
La barra
La pieza
La onza
Otras monedas usadas en la costa de Guinea

3. Demografía de los culíes. Chinos en Cuba (1853 – 1874)
¿Cuantos culíes chinos vinieron a Cuba?
¿Cuantos chinos vivieron a un tiempo en Cuba?
Mortalidad y esperanza de vida de los culíes
Los suicidios
Estructura de una población chino – cubana
Composición de la fuerza de trabajo china
El “marronaje”
Concentración de la esclavitud china
Distribución geográfica de la inmigración china en Cuba
Apéndice: Producción de azúcar e inmigración asiática

4. Aspectos económicos del tráfico de culíes. Chinos a Cuba (1853 – 1874)
La organización financiera de los “monzones”
Asentistas y promotores
Los agentes
Las utilidades de la trata amarilla
Importancia del culí
Condiciones de venta del culí en La Habana

5. La situación legal del culí en Cuba
La primeras contratas
El reglamento de 1849
Los castigos corporales y la opinión contemporánea
La nuevas contratas
El Real Decreto de 1854
Los primeros chinos que se liberaron
Nueva legislación sobre culíes: el Real Decreto de 1860
Modificaciones en las contratas
Paralelo entre las contratas cubanas y las inglesas de Jamaica
El culí chino, “hombre libre”

6. Tres siglos de historia de un latifundio cubano: Puercos Gordos y El Salado
De la merced del Cabildo a la granja del pueblo, 1657 – 1959
La merced del Cabildo
Hombres y paisajes del siglo XVII
Un latifundio de mano muerta
La desamortización
El vínculo de Fernandina
Comunicaciones y producción: nuevas formas de asentamiento durante el siglo XVIII y primera mitad del XIX
El final del vínculo de Fernandina
El latifundio de Puercos Gordos se convierte en central azucarera yanqui
El latifundio se hace cubano, pero la plantación subsiste
La dinastía Ferro orienta y controla la nueva plantación
La herencia de antaño
Cosecha de hogaño

7. Una isla con dos historias
Los cuatro factores del desarrollo
La trata y las consecuencias
Formula para extraer riquezas
La sacarocracia contó las onzas
El producto y el reparto
Cuba A y Cuba B
Una economía de autoconsumo
La vaca lechera de España
Camagüey y el anexionismo
Lo que no es Miguel Aldama
Los esclavos entretanto

Ensayos Históricos

Franco, José Luciano, Ensayos Históricos, La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1974.

Del prólogo de Julio Le Riverend:
Los lectores están en presencia de una colección de ensayos y artículos en los cuales la característica fundamental es la preocupación por integrar el relato de lo cubano al panorama más amplio del mundo y, en su caso, de los países que circundan a nuestra patria. Es esta una característica de la obra historiográfica de José Luciano Franco, que, a lo largo de una laboriosa existencia, se acentua como un ejemplo de consecuente actitud contra él, digamos provincialismo, que aqueja a nuestra historiografía. Ciertamente, no hemos podido romper con la insularidad de nuestra ciencia histórica. Si en otros tiempos ello reflejaba la poquedad neocolonialista, hoy debe reflejar la vastedad de nuestras relaciones con el mundo.

Esquemas de los movimientos populares de liberación nacional (1511 – 1868)

Piratas, corsarios, filibusteros y contrabandistas siglos XVIII y XIX

La conspiración de Morales

Comercio clandestino de esclavos en el siglo XIX

La conspiración de Aponte, 1812

La conjura de los negreros

La Revolución Cubana en la prensa norteamericana

Riesgos y desventuras tricontinentales de José Maceo

Comercio Clandestino de Esclavos

Franco, José Luciano, Comercio Clandestino de Esclavos, Ciudad de La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1980.

De la cubierta:
En Comercio clandestino de esclavos el profesor José Luciano Franco aborda, con precisión científica, la historia del tráfico de esclavos desde sus inicios – finales del siglo XVI – y el desarrollo de tan abominable comercio durante los siglos XVII y XVIII. “Las hostilidades entre las grandes potencias por monopolizar las fuentes productoras de materias primas, la rivalidad creciente anglo-franco-norteamericano por el control de la navegación comercial, amén de las revoluciones y guerras, iban también a influir, de manera decisiva, en las prolongadas crisis por las cuales atravesó la trata negrera en la etapa inicial del proceso histórico, que ha de dar paso, en el resto del siglo XIX, a la batalla encarnizada del capitalismo y el proletariado.” Esta obra constituye, por su valor temático y acuciosidad investigativa del autor, una fuente de obligada consulta para estudiantes e investigadores del periodo colonial cubano.

Monday, November 4, 2013

The Economic Transformation of Cuba: A First-Hand Account

Boorstein, Edward, The Economic Transformation of Cuba: A First-Hand Account, New York & London: Monthly Review Press, 1968.(book is damaged by termites and fungus but readable)

Reviewed in International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) © 1970.

Reviewed in The Economic Journal © 1968.

From the book inner sleeve:
Edward Boorstein is an American economist who arrived in Cuba in May, 1960, and for the next three years and a half worked in the top planning agencies of the Revolutionary Government. He has written a remarkable account of the problems, successes, and failures he witnessed. It is straight-forward, non-technical, fascinating, and nothing else like it exists in the entire literature on economic planning.

Azúcar y Población en las Antillas

Guerra, Ramiro, Azúcar y Población en las Antillas, La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1976.

English versions reviewed in Caribbean Studies © 1967, The Journal of Negro History © 1964, and in The Journal of Economic History / Volume 25 / Issue 01 / March 1965, pp 149-150.

Quinta edición reseñada en Desarrollo Económico © 1973.

Ramiro Guerra y Sánchez(Batabanó, La Habana, Cuba, 31 de enero de 1880 – Ciudad de La Habana, 29 de octubre de 1970) fue un historiador, economista y pedagogo cubano.
En 1933, después de la caída de Machado, se traslada a Nueva York y después a Gainesville, Florida, donde culmina su obra La expansión territorial de los Estados Unidos a expensas de España y de los países hispanoamericanos. Más tarde regresa a Cuba y en 1939 se desempeña como asesor técnico de la delegación cubana a la primera reunión de consulta de cancilleres de las Repúblicas americanas efectuada en Panamá.
Asimismo, representó a Cuba en los siguientes eventos:
Conferencia Marítima Interamericana, Washington, EE. UU. (1940).
V Congreso Científico Interamericano, Washington, EE. UU. (1942).
Conferencia Sobre Alimentación y Agricultura de las Naciones Unidas y Asociadas, Virginia, EE. UU. (1943).
Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas y Asociadas, San Francisco, EE. UU. (1944).
Conferencia Monetaria Internacional de las Naciones Unidas, Breton Woods, New Hampshire, EE. UU. (1944).
Consejo Económico y Social de las Naciones Unidas (1946).

The American Tropics

Corlett, William Thomas, The American Tropics, Cleveland: The Burrows Brothers Co., 1908.(signed by the author and dated January 8, 1910)

Available online.

William Thomas Corlett was born in Orange, Ohio and educated at Oberlin College from 1870 to 1873. He studied medicine at the medical department of the University of Wooster (forerunner of the College of Wooster), graduating in 1877. After teaching at Wooster for two years he traveled to London and Paris to study skin diseases and later become a Fellow of the London Royal College of Physicians. Corlett returned to Cleveland in 1882 and was appointed lecturer, then Professor of Skin and Genitourinary Diseases at Wooster in 1884.

Note from Dale - I can only speculate that my father may have obtained this book from someone he knew or studied with in Oberlin College.

Sunday, November 3, 2013

The United States and Santo Domingo, 1789-1866

Treudley, Mary, The United States and Santo Domingo, 1789-1866, reprinted from The Journal of Race Development, Volume 7.

From the author’s Introduction:
It is my purpose to chronicle the interrelations between the histories of the United States and Santo Domingo in the period from 1789 to 1866. An introductory chapter on trade relations existing between the two countries during the eighteenth century furnishes the economic background for the political connections which had their beginning as the French Revolution spread through the French colonial possessions. The period dealt with divides into two main parts. The first, from 1789 to 1803, is the period in which the French still retained their hold upon the island, the richest of all their colonies. The second, from 1803 to 1866, covers the first half of the history of Haitian independence and ends with the granting of the long- sought and grudgingly-given recognition of that independence by the United States.

Available online here and here.

Biografía de un Cimarrón

Barnet, Miguel, Biografía de un Cimarrón, Buenos Aires: Centro Editor de América Latina, 1977.

See also "Biografía de un cimarrón" and the Novel of the Cuban Revolution .

Miguel Angel Barnet Lanza (born January 28, 1940) is a Cuban writer, novelist and ethnographer. He studied sociology at the University of Havana, under Fernando Ortiz, the pioneer of Cuban anthropology, whose studies of Afro-Cuban cultures influenced many of the themes, both literary and scholarly, of Barnet.

Contracanto a Walt Whitman (Canto a Nosotros Mismos)

Mir, Pedro, Contracanto a Walt Whitman (Canto a Nosotros Mismos), Santo Domingo: Editora Taller, 1976.

Disponible en linea.

Pedro Julio Mir Valentín (3 June 1913, San Pedro de Macorís – 11 July 2000, Santo Domingo) was a Dominican poet and writer, named Poet Laureate of the Dominican Republic by Congress in 1984, and a member of the generation of "Independent poets of the 1940s" in Dominican poetry. His father, a Cuban mechanical engineer, migrated from Cuba to the Dominican Republic in the early years of the Twentieth Century to be hired as Chief of Engineers of the Cristóbal Colón Sugar Refinery. Soon he married a young Puerto Rican girl and had a son whom he named Pedro Julio. Pedro Julio Mir spent his youth in the sugar refinery, which was located near the city of San Pedro de Macorís. His mother died prematurely, in 1917, which impressed upon him a profound sense of loss which he would later consider the root of his poetical vocation. (…)In 1952, Mir published in Guatemala his Contracanto a Walt Whitman (canto a nosotros mismos) (Countersong to Walt Whitman (Song of Ourselves)), considered one of his most accomplished works. (Its title references Whitman's "Song of Myself".) Translated to many languages, the poem has been the subject of many studies in the United States and other countries.

The Dominican Intervention

Lowenthal, Abraham F., The Dominican Intervention, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Glimpse available at Questia.

Reviewed in The American Political Science Review © 1975.

Included in The Dominican Intervention of 1965: Recent Interpretations.

See also The United States and the Dominican Republic to 1965: Background to Intervention, by Abraham Lowenthal.

Georgetown Journal: A Caribbean Writer's Journey from London via Port of Spain to Georgetown, Guyana, 1970

Salkey, Andrew, Georgetown Journal: A Caribbean Writer's Journey from London via Port of Spain to Georgetown, Guyana, 1970, London: New Beacon Books, Ltd., 1972.

See also Havana Journal.

Andrew Salkey (30 January 1928 - 28 April 1995) was a novelist, poet, freelance writer and journalist of Jamaican and Haitian origin. Salkey was born in Panama but was raised in Jamaica. He died in Amherst, Massachusetts, where he had been teaching.

Barbados & the Confederation Question, 1871-1885

Hamilton, Bruce, Barbados & the Confederation Question, 1871-1885, London: Published by the Crown Agents for Oversea Governments & Administrations, 1956.

Available online.

Viaje a la Isla de Puerto Rico en el año 1797...

Ledru, Andrés Pedro, Viaje a la Isla de Puerto Rico en el año 1797: ejecutado por una comisión de sabios franceses, de orden de su gobierno bajo la dirección del capitán Nicolás Baudín, Puerto Rico: Imprenta Militar de J. González, 1863.

André Pierre Ledru:
Fue profesor de legislación y de física, pero su verdadera vocación fue la botánica. Poseía una biblioteca inmensa, un herbario de unas 6000 especies y un jardín botánico. Su interés por las plantas, los jardines y la herborización lo llevó en 1796 a enrolarse en La Belle Angelique, comandada por Nicolas Baudin.

Bio in English.

The Golden Antilles

Severin, Tim, The Golden Antilles, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1970.

Tim Severin (born 1940) is a British explorer, historian and writer. Severin is noted for his work in retracing the legendary journeys of historical figures. Severin was awarded both the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society and the Livingstone Medal of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society.

Bonao: Una Ciudad Dominicana

Latorre, Eduardo, Julia Bisonó, Manuel José Cabral, Felpa F. de Estevez, Radhames Mejía, Bonao: Una Ciudad Dominicana. Santiago de los Caballeros: Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra, 1972.

Bonao es la capital de la provincia Monseñor Nouel en la República Dominicana. (…)Antes de ser elevada a la categoría de provincia, el territorio de Bonao era un municipio de la provincia La Vega, a la cual tradicionalmente estuvo atado su territorio. Se la conoce como Villa de las Hortensias, puesto que la hortensia es la flor de Bonao.

La Integración Económica del Caribe

Messina, Milton, La Integración Económica del Caribe, Santo Domingo: Centro Dominicano de Promoción de Exportaciones, 1972.

De la Introducción por el Ing. Fernando Periche:
Esta monografía ha sido preparada … a fin de contribuir a la divulgación de temas relacionados con el proceso integracionista en el área del Caribe, con especial referencia a la Asociación de Libre Comercio del Caribe (CARIFTA).

Trujillo, Bosch y Yo; el desafío actual

Espinal, Andrés Julio, Trujillo, Bosch y Yo; el desafío actual, Santo Domingo: Impresora Arte y Cine, 1971.(signed by the author for Dr. Mathews)

Andrés Julio Espinal Mota … earned a degree in economics at the American University in Beirut, Lebanon, and returns to the Dominican Republic in 1966. He joined the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic in April of that year, working as a Second Level Technical Assistant in the Economic Studies Department.

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

The West Indies and the Development of Colonial Government, 1801-1834

Murray, D. J., The West Indies and the Development of Colonial Government, 1801-1834, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965.

Reviewed in The Resident Judge of Port Phillip.


I. British Government and the West Indies at the end of the Eighteenth Century

II. Late Eighteenth-Century Government in the Old West India Colonies

III. The Old West India Colonies during the Napoleonic War

IV. The Government of the Conquered Colonies

V. Trinidad: A New Departure

VI. The Demand for Supervision and Direction in Colonial Government

VII. The Colonial Office, 1801 - 27

VIII. Government with a Purpose

IX. From Exhortation to Authority

X. Reform in Colonial Government

XI. Emancipation – Coercion or Co-operation

XII. The Government for the West India Colonies after Emancipation




Through Indian Eyes: A Journey Among the Indian Tribes of Guiana

Henfrey, Colin, Through Indian Eyes: A Journey Among the Indian Tribes of Guiana, New York, Chicago, San Francisco: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1965.

See June Henfrey.

Author’s Note


I. The Troubled Guiana

II. The Gentle People

III. The Face of Change

IV. Hallelujah Indians

V. A Patamona Secret

VI. A Fading Millennium

VII. The Southern Trail

VIII. The Disinherited Macusi

IX. The Teacher Boys

X. Through Indian Eyes

XI. Orealla: The End of a Journey

Appendices :

A. The Guianese Background

B. The Indian Background

C. Hallelujah Songs and Prayer

D. Millennial Cults similar to Hallelujah

E. Postscript: Guianese Politics through late 1964

Selected Bibliography

Index and Glossary

Sunday, October 20, 2013

La Era de Trujillo: un estudio casuístico de dictadura hispanoamericana

de Galíndez, Jesús, La Era de Trujillo: un estudio casuístico de dictadura hispanoamericana,[tesis doctoral] Santiago de Chile: Editorial del Pacífico, S.A. 1956. – (2 copies)

Jesús (de) Galíndez Suárez (born October 12, 1915, Amurrio[1] - died 1956) was a basque nationalist (PNV) writer who disappeared in New York City. He was allegedly kidnapped and murdered by henchmen of Rafael Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic.
Galíndez was last seen at 10 PM on March 12, 1956, as he entered the subway station at 57th Street and Eighth Ave in Manhattan; Time magazine indicated that he disappeared near a subway station at 116th Street and Broadway. As was well known, Galíndez feared that Dominican agents might kill him. On the night of his death, two Dominican ships were in New York; one put out that night and returned after 5 hours, the other left later. However, investigations initially went nowhere. His body was never found, but with the unraveling of the Murphy disappearance further light was shed on his case.
it was feared that he was writing a critical volume about Trujillo and his family. Agents offered US$25,000 to buy the manuscript, but Galíndez refused. Thus Trujillo decided that Galíndez had to be killed.
Galíndez's book was published posthumously in 1973 as The Era of Trujillo, Dominican Dictator .... The Galíndez case was the inspiration for the 1991 novel Galíndez by Manuel Vázquez Montalbán that, in turn, resulted in the 2003 movie "El Misterio Galíndez (The Galíndez File)".

Tabla de Contenido:

I. La dictadura Hispanoamericana
II. La República Dominicana hasta 1930

1. Antecedentes personales de Trujillo.
2. El golpe de febrero de 1930.
3. El gobierno provisional de Estrella Ureña.
4. El primer gobierno de Trujillo, 1930 – 1934.
5. El segundo gobierno de Trujillo, 1934 – 1938.
6. El gobierno de Peynado, 1938 – 1940.
7. El gobierno de Troncoso, 1940 – 1942.
8. Tercer gobierno de Trujillo, 1942 – 1947.
9. Cuarto gobierno de Trujillo, 1947 – 1952.
10. Gobierno de Héctor B. Trujillo, desde 1952.
11. Resumen histórico de la era de Trujillo.

1. Historia constitucional de la República Dominicana.
2. Características comunes a las tres reformas de Trujillo.
3. Cuarta reforma en gestación.
4. Apariencia constitucional y realidades políticas.

1. Elecciones 100% unánimes.
2. Legisladores que renuncian por carta.
3. Las leyes se aprueban, no se discuten.
4. Un benefactor y varios secretarios con letra minúscula.
5. Magistrados y jueces que quita y pon.
6. Las provincias son reflejo de la capital.

1. Principios constitucionales sobre derechos humanos.
2. Los derechos individuales en la realidad.
3. Las libertades políticas.
4. Detenciones sin procesamiento, y asesinatos.
5. Asesinatos en país extranjero.
6. La sumisión de un pueblo.

1. La destrucción de los antiguos partidos.
2. La farsa de los partidos de “oposición”.
3. Estructura e ideología del partido dominicano.
4. El movimiento obrero en la República Dominicana.
5. La Confederación Dominicana del Trabajo.
6. La huelga azucarera de 1946.

1. El ejército y la policía.
2. Prensa, radio y televisión.
3. Universidad y estudiantes.
4. La Iglesia Católica.
5. El feminismo.
6. Actitud del hombre de negocios

1. Megalomanía.
2. Peculado.
3. Nepotismo.
4. Adulación y servilismo.
5. Leyes hechas a medida.

1. Las turbulentas relaciones con Haití.
2. Los refugiados europeos.
3. La II Guerra Mundial.
4. La situación política en el mar Caribe.
5. La República Dominicana en la comunidad internacional.
6. Sus relaciones con Estados Unidos.
7. Relaciones con otros países.

1. Antecedentes del comunismo en la República Dominicana hasta 1945.
2. Trujillo envía un Ministro a Moscú y elogia a la URSS.
3. El Partido Socialista Popular.
4. Represión del Comunismo desde 1947.

1. Mantenimiento del orden publico.
2. Progreso material.
3. Progreso cultural.
4. La defensa doctrinal del régimen.

1. La crítica del régimen.
2. La oposición en la República Dominicana.
3. La oposición en el exilio.
4. El cáncer de toda dictadura personal.


The Cuban Story

Matthews, Herbert L., The Cuban Story, New York: George Braziller, 1961.

Reviewed in World Affairs.

Reviewed in International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) © 1963.

Reviewed in The American Political Science Review © 1962.

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1962.

Available online .

Herbert Lionel Matthews (January 10, 1900 – July 30, 1977) was a reporter and editorialist[1] for the New York Times who grew to notoriety after revealing that Fidel Castro was still alive and living in the Sierra Maestra mountains, though Batista had claimed publicly that he was killed during the 26th of July Movement's landing.

The European Nations in the West Indies, 1493-1688

Newton, Arthur Percival, The European Nations in the West Indies, 1493-1688, London: A & C Black Publishers Ltd 1933.

Reviewed in The English Historical Review © 1935.


1. The Beginnings of a New International Rivalry, 1493 - 1500.

2. The Planting of the First Colony, 1500 – 1513.

3. The Exodus from the Islands to the Continent, 1513 – 1548.

4. The First Attacks upon Spanish Monopoly, 1523 – 1559.

5. The Beginnings of the African Slave Trade, 1502 – 1569.

6. Francis Drake and the Corsairs, 1569 – 1573.

7. The Privateering War, 1573 – 1590.

8. The Later Years of the Elizabethan War, 1590 – 1603.

9. The Peace and After, 1604 - 1625.

10. The First Settlements in the Lesser Antilles, 1605 - 1625.

11. The Deluge from the North, 1625 – 1637.

12. The Beginnings of the Buccaneers, 1630 – 1641.

13. The Height of Dutch Commercial Ascendancy and the Rise of Slave – Grown Sugar, 1640 – 1660.

14. Cromwell and the Western Design, 1649 - 1660.

15. The Buccaneers and International Policy, 1660 – 1665.

16. The Second Dutch War, 1665 – 1667.

17. The Heyday of the Buccaneers, 1665 – 1671.

18. The Indies Trade, 1648 – 1678.

19. Preparations for a New War, 1667 – 1672.

20. The Third Dutch War, 1672 – 1678.

21.The Coming of the Brandenburgers and the Danes, 1673 – 1683.

22. The Suppression of the Buccaneers, 1672 – 1688.

23. The End of an Era, 1678 – 1688.

Saturday, October 19, 2013

Slavery and Race Relations in Latin America

Toplin, Robert Brent (ed), Slavery and Race Relations in Latin America, Westport Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1974.


1. The Black Experience in Chile, by William F. Sater.

2. Health Conditions in the Slave Trade of Colonial New Granada, by David L. Chandler.

3. Manumission, Libres, and Black Resistance: The Colombian Chocó, 1680 – 1810, by William F. Sharp.

4. African Slave Trade and Economic Development in Amazonia, 1700 – 1800, by Colin M. MacLachlan.

5. Nineteenth – Century Brazilian Slavery, by Robert Conrad.

6. The Implementation of Slave Legislation in Eighteenth – Century New Granada, by Norman A. Meiklejohn.

7. Slavery, Race, and Social Structure in Cuba During the Nineteenth Century, by Franklin W. Knight.

8. The Abolition of Slavery in Venezuela: A Nonevent, by John V. Lombardi.

9. Abolition and the Issue of the Black Freedman’s Future in Brazil, by Robert Brent Toplin.

10. Beyond Poverty: The Negro and the Mulatto in Brazil, by Florestan Fernandes.

11. The Question of Color in Puerto Rico, by Thomas G. Mathews.

12. Elitist Attitudes Toward Race in Twentieth Century Venezuela, by Winthrop R. Wright.

13. The Gradual Integration of the Black in Cuba: Under the Colony, the Republic, and the Revolution, by Marianne Masferrer & Carmelo Mesa – Lago.

14. Afro – Brazilians: Myths and Realities, by Arthur F. Corwin.

Plantation Slavery in Barbados: An Archaeological and Historical Investigation

Handler, Jerome S., Frederick W. Lange, Robert V. Riordan, Plantation Slavery in Barbados: An Archaeological and Historical Investigation, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Reviewed in The William and Mary Quarterly © 1980.

Reviewed in Historical Archaeology © 1981.

See also Jerome S. Handler.

From the inner sleeve of the book:
Here is the first detailed investigation of plantation slave life in Barbados from earliest times until 1838. The authors have visited slave village sites, and their intensive excavation of a slave cemetery has yielded a wealth of material pertaining to mortuary practices and other dimensions of social and material life. Handler and Lange have also examined and extensively integrated the written records to amplify and cross – check their findings.

Pacem in Maribus: Working Papers and Selection from Dialogue at Preparatory Conference – Jamaica, October 1972

Caribbean Study Project, Working Papers and Selection from Dialogue at Preparatory Conference – Jamaica, October 1972, Pacem in Maribus, Published for the International Ocean Institute by Royal University of Malta Press, 1974. – 2 identical copies + 1: [The two identical copies were published in 1973, one volume differs only by including a preface by Eric Williams]

Table of Contents:
Preface – Eric Williams.

List of Authors.

PART I – Resource potential, development, environmental considerations and science policy in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico:

Section 1. Resource Base:
Chapter 1. Perspectives on a Caribbean Region, Norton Ginsburg.
Chapter 2. Petroleum Production and Pollution Potential in the Caribbean Sea, Kenneth O. Emery and Elazar Uchupi.
Chapter 3. The Living Resources of the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico, Gilberto Rodriguez.

Section 2. Development and the Environment, and Geopolitics:
Chapter 4. Brackish – Water Lagoons and Mangrove Forests, Geoffrey I. Kesteven.
Chapter 5. Tourism and Caribbean Natural Resources, Ivan Goodbody, G.C. Hodges, M. Martinez.
Chapter 6. A Sea – Level Canal in Panama, Ira Rubinoff.
Chapter 7. Effects of the Caribbean on the Water Resources of Central America, L.E. Garcia M., and Hector R. Ponce R.
Chapter 8. An Historical View of the Geo-Political Aspects of the Lines of Communication to and through the Caribbean, Thomas Mathews.

Section 3. Environmental Modeling, Research Needs, and Science Policy:
Chapter 9. A Model for Environmental Design, Luis A. Ferrate F.
Chapter 10. Research Needs in the Caribbean, Maxime J. Cerame – Vivas.
Chapter 11. The Needs and Impacts of Technology Transfer, Thomas A. Clingan, Jr.

PART II – Political institutions and the Law of the Sea in the Caribbean and the Gulf:

Section 1. Past and Present:
Chapter 12. The Effects of the Existing Law of the Sea on the Development of the Caribbean Region and the Gulf of Mexico, K.O. Rattray, A. Kirton, P. Robinson.
Chapter 13. Applicability of the Archipelago and Mare Clausum Concepts to the Caribbean Sea, Lennox F. Ballah.
Chapter 14. Note on the Patrimonial Sea or Economic Zone of Exclusive Jurisdiction, Duke E.E. Pollard.
Chapter 15. The Legal Position of Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Framework of a Caribbean Regional Regime, Rene Jean Dupuy.

Section 2. Future:
Chapter 16. The Patrimonial Sea as a Regional Concept, Jorge Castañeda.
Chapter 17. Impacts of Some Law of the Sea Proposals on Gulf and Caribbean Ocean Resource Development, H. Gary Knight.
Chapter 18. Pacem In Maribus in the Caribbean Region, Reynaldo Galindo – Pohl.
Chapter 19. A Caribbean Community for Ocean Development, David Krieger.

PART III – Selections from Dialogue.

Sunday, October 13, 2013

La Viña de Naboth: La República Dominicana 1844-1924

Welles, Sumner, [Prólogo y traducción de Manfredo A. Moore], La Viña de Naboth: La República Dominicana 1844-1924, Tomos I & II, Santiago, República Dominicana: Editorial El Diario, 1939.

Reviewed in Foreign Affairs, and in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1930.

Benjamin Sumner Welles (October 14, 1892 – September 24, 1961) was an American government official and diplomat in the Foreign Service. He was a major foreign policy adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and served as Under Secretary of State from 1937 to 1943, during FDR's presidency.
[When] Welles … retired to his estate at Oxon Hill, Maryland… (h)e devoted himself to writing and his two-volume history of the Dominican Republic, Naboth's Vineyard: The Dominican Republic, 1844-1924 appeared in 1928. Time described the work as "a ponderous, lifeless, two-volume work which was technically a history of Santo Domingo, actually a careful indictment of U.S. foreign policy in the Hemisphere." James Reston summarized its thesis: "we should keep in our own back yard and stop claiming rights for ourselves that we denied to other sovereign States."

Los Perros Hambrientos

Alegría, Ciro, Los Perros Hambrientos, Santiago de Chile: Empresa Editora Zig-Zag, 1954. [en estado paupérrimo debido al comején]

Ver Realidad y ficción en 'Los perros hambrientos', de Ciro Alegría , y The Indianista Novel since 1889.

Ciro Alegría Bazán (November 4, 1909 – February 17, 1967) was a Peruvian journalist, politician, and novelist.
He remained in exile in both Chile and later the United States up until 1948. Later, he taught at the University of Puerto Rico, and wrote about the Cuban revolution while in Cuba. His most well known novel, Broad and Alien is the World (1941) or El mundo es ancho y ajeno, won the Latin American Novel Prize in 1941, and brought him international attention.

Los perros hambrientos es una novela del escritor peruano Ciro Alegría, publicada en Santiago de Chile por la Editorial Zig-Zag (1939). Es considerada como una de las obras más representativas de la novela indigenista peruana y latinoamericana en general.
Ciro Alegría, que por entonces vivía en Chile, ya era conocido en el mundo literario pues años antes había publicado su novela La serpiente de oro, ganadora en 1935 de un concurso convocado por la Editorial Nascimento y auspiciada por la Sociedad de Escritores de Chile. A fines de 1936, como consecuencia de la dura vida de prisión y persecución política que sufrió en el Perú, enfermó de tuberculosis pulmonar. Se recluyó en el sanatorio de San José de Maipo y allí estuvo dos años. Antes de darle de alta le aplicaron un neumotórax, pero una burbuja de aire inyectada en la sangre le produjo entonces una embolia cerebral que le dejó temporalmente ciego y con medio cuerpo paralizado. Esta dificultad motriz le anuló la capacidad de escribir. Durante su recuperación, a manera de terapia, fue obligado a escribir “algo” para readiestrar el uso de su mano derecha. Una noche despertó sobresaltado por los ladridos de unos perros. Entonces se le vino la idea de componer una novela basándose en relatos cortos que había escrito con anterioridad, sobre la vida de unos perros en la serranía del norte peruano. La tarea de armar la novela le demandó un mes de labor, titulándola Los perros hambrientos. Acto seguido la presentó al concurso de novela convocado por la Editorial Zig-Zag y auspiciada por la Sociedad de Escritores de Chile. De las 62 obras presentadas, la suya obtuvo el segundo puesto. El primer premio lo obtuvo el escritor chileno Rubén Azócar con su novela Gente en la isla. El fallo del jurado fue muy discutido. La obra fue publicada en agosto de 1939; tuvo después múltiples ediciones en países de habla hispana y se la tradujo a varios idiomas.

Antonio Maceo, el Héroe

Costa, Octavio R., Antonio Maceo, el Héroe, Miami, FL.: La Moderna Poesía, 1984.

Lt. General José Antonio de la Caridad Maceo y Grajales (June 14, 1845 – December 7, 1896) was second-in-command of the Cuban Army of Independence. Fellow Cubans gave Maceo the sobriquet of the "Bronze Titan" (Spanish: El Titan de Bronce), which was a reference to his skin color, stature and status.[2] Spaniards referred to Maceo as the "Greater Lion" (El Leon mayor). Maceo was one of the most noteworthy guerrilla leaders in 19th century Latin America, comparable to José Antonio Páez of Venezuela in military acumen.

From Cuba Collectibles:
Una biografía escrita hace mas de 50 años y premiada por la Academia de la Historia de Cuba, dirigida por Emeterio S. Santovenia. El autor consulto todo lo que se habia escrito sobre Antonio Maceo y tuvo el privilegio de consultar el archivo personal de heroe, entregado por su viuda, Maria Cabrales. Cubierta dura con 326 paginas.

The State of Latin America

Arciniegas, Germán, The State of Latin America, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.

Reviewed in The Western Political Quarterly © 1952.

Introduction: The Reason for this Book.

I. Which Way Latin America?

II. Double Talk.

III. The Ego with Two Heads: Sinister.

IV. The Ego with Two Heads: Dexter.

V. Perón’s Justicialism is Fascism.

VI. The Military vs. Aprismo in Peru.

VII. Venezuela, or the Military in Oil Heaven.

VIII. Bolivia, Land of Tin, Military, and Gallows Fruit.

IX. Paraguay, Land of Dilemma.

X. Colombia, or How to Destroy a Democracy.

XI. The Colombians in Korea.

XII. Brazil: A Continent within a Continent.

XIII. Chile, Ecuador, Uruguay: A Triangle above a Void.

XIV. The Caribbean, World Hurricane Center – I (Nicaragua, Honduras, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Panama).

XV. The Caribbean, World Hurricane Center – II (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Cuba, Haiti, Puerto Rico).

XVI. Mexico, or the Eagle and the Serpent.

XVII. The Army and the Armies of Latin America.

XVIII. Latin America’s Hopes and Fears.

XIX. Visible and Invisible America.

Saturday, October 12, 2013

A History of Slavery in Cuba, 1511 to 1868

Aimes, Hubert H. S., A History of Slavery in Cuba, 1511 to 1868, New York & London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1907.

Available online.

From the Preface:
This exposition is the first part of my work in the history of slavery in Cuba. I have endeavoured here to point out salient features of the Spanish policy governing the slave trade in Cuba. My aim has been to show the causes of the trade in Cuba, its effects on Cuba, Spain, and, so far as they are closely related to the island, on the world; I have then gone into considerable detail in order to show the nature of the trade and the times. In doing this I have chosen to make large use of extracts for the purpose of bringing the reader as close as possible to the work of the writers themselves. Furthermore, political, social, and economic situations bearing on or influenced by the trade have been explained as fully as space would allow.

Caribbean Circuit

Luke, Sir Harry, Caribbean Circuit, London: Nicholson & Watson, 1950.

Note: This book was given to Dr. Mathews by Miles Galvin on 10/13/70.

Reviewed by the MOUFFLON BOOKSHOP, and Foreign Affairs.

Sir Harry Charles Luke (born Harry Charles Lukach) KCMG, GCStJ, D.Litt. of Oxford (1938) and honorary LLD of Malta, (London 1884 - Cyprus 1969) was an official in the British Colonial Office. He served in Barbados, Cyprus, Transcaucasia, Sierra Leone, Palestine, Malta, the British Western Pacific Territories and Fiji. He is the author of some books on several of these countries.

Cuba, the Economic and Social Revolution

Seers, Dudley, Ed., Cuba, the Economic and Social Revolution, Chapel Hill : The University of North Carolina Press, 1964.

Reviewed in The Journal of Politics / Volume 27 / Issue 02 / May 1965.

Reviewed in the Journal of Inter-American Studies © 1964.

Reviewed in The Hispanic American Historical Review © 1964.

Reviewed in Desarrollo Económico © 1964.

Reviewed in The American Economic Review © 1964.

Dudley Seers (1920–1983) was a British economist who specialised in development economics. After his military service with the Royal Navy he taught at Oxford and then worked for various UN institutions. He was the director of the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex from 1967 till 1972.

A Study of the Chinese in Cuba, 1847-1947

Corbitt, Duvon Clough, A Study of the Chinese in Cuba, 1847-1947, Wilmore: Asbury College, 1971.

See: A Question of Methodology: Review Essay on Recent Literature on Cuba, by Anthony P. Maingot, and Chinese Contract Labour in Cuba, 1847-1874, by Mary Turner.

From the Preface:
Upon the occasion of my removal from one home to another during my Cuban residence, the Chinese laundryman on the corner stepped out, took my portable typewriter from my hand, and with the remark, “Him sabe, nueva casa,” accompanied me to my new home. For the next ten years Felipe took it upon himself to tutor me in Chinese life, customs and language. His achievement was to awaken my interest in the Cuban Chinese so that, when, in the course of investigations in the Archivo Nacional de Cuba on other subjects, I discovered numbers of papers dealing with the importation of Chinese coolies, I was moved to examine them with more than passing care. This volume is the fruit of that introduction, from which I have reaped much pleasure and many friendships.

Sunday, October 6, 2013

Gan-Eden, or, Pictures of Cuba

Hurlbert, William Henry, Gan-Eden, or, Pictures of Cuba, Boston : John P. Jewett ; Cleveland, Ohio : Jewett, Proctor and Worthington ; New York : Sheldon, Lamport and Blakeman, 1854.

Available online .

From the English language introduction:
William Henry Hurlbert (July 3, 1827—September 4, 1895) was an American journalist and author of “The Diary of a Public Man,” published in the North American Review in 1879. His responsibility for the Diary—once dubbed the “most gigantic” problem of uncertain authorship in American historical writing—was carefully concealed and has only recently been established.

Roaming Through The West Indies

Franck, Harry A., Roaming Through The West Indies, New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1920.

Available online.

Harry Alverson Franck, better known as Harry A. Franck (29 June 1881 - 18 April 1962) was an American travel writer during the first half of the 20th century.
While an undergraduate, he bet a fellow student that he could travel around the world without money, and after a year of teaching, proceeded to do so. He spent sixteen months circling the globe, working to earn money along the way and performing feats such as walking across the Malay peninsula.

Impressions and Experiences of the West Indies and North America in 1849

Baird Robert, Impressions and Experiences of the West Indies and North America in 1849, Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1850.

Available online.

Robert Baird, reformer, was born in Fayette county, Pa., Oct. 6, 1798. His classical studies were pursued at Uniontown, and he was graduated at Jefferson college, Pa., in 1818. He studied theology at Princeton, N.J., and was licensed to preach in 1822. He served as tutor in the College of New Jersey, and in 1822 founded a grammar school at Princeton, which he conducted until 1827, when he became interested in the effort to supply every family in New Jersey with the Bible.

History of Cuba; or, Notes of a Traveller in the Tropics

Ballou, Maturin M., History of Cuba; or, Notes of a Traveller in the Tropics, Boston: Phillips, Sampson and Company; New York: J.C. Derby; Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Company, 1854.

Available online.

Maturin Murray Ballou (April 14, 1820 – March 27, 1895) was a writer and publisher in 19th-century Boston, Massachusetts. He co-founded Gleason's Pictorial, was the first editor of the Boston Daily Globe, and wrote numerous travel books and works of popular fiction.

Saturday, October 5, 2013

Historia de la Esclavitud de la Raza Africana en el Nuevo Mundo y en especial en los Países Américo-Hispanos

Saco, José Antonio, (con Prólogo de Fernando Ortiz), Historia de la Esclavitud de la Raza Africana en el Nuevo Mundo y en especial en los Países Américo-Hispanos, (con documentos y juicios de F. Arango y Parreño, Félix Varela, Domingo del Monte, Felipe Poey, José de la Luz y Caballero, José Silverio Jorrín, Enrique José Varona, y otros) La Habana: Cultural, S. A. 1938. [Vol. I; Vol. II; Vol. III; Vol. IV] (Los cuatro volúmenes en estado precario)

Volume I is reviewed in The Journal of Negro History © 1938.

José Antonio Saco (May 7, 1797 – September 26, 1879), was a statesman, deputy to the Spanish Cortes, writer, social critic, publicist, essayist, anthropologist, historian, and one of the most notable Cuban figures from the nineteenth century.

Del Prólogo de Fernando Ortiz:
El problema de la esclavitud ha sido en Cuba el más importante de su historia por sus enormes trascendencias sociales en el país, así en el orden económico de su producción agraria y en el político de su constitución oficial como en el día de los aluviones de su formación demogénica y en el de sus turbias relaciones internacionales. En rigor, el sistema colonial de España en Cuba, desde la conquista de la isla por Diego Velázquez en los albores del siglo XVI hasta la caída de tal soberanía en el ocaso del siglo XIX estuvo siempre basado en la esclavitud. Primero la esclavitud de los indios, efectiva aun cuando a veces disimulada bajo sutilezas de juristas; luego la esclavitud de los negros, con plena legitimación real, sin remilgos ni tapujos. Siempre la esclavitud, y solo la esclavitud, fue la base de la estructura económico-social de la colonia de Cuba. Sobre la básica esclavitud de la fuerza del trabajo productor se alzaba un sistema de concordantes y complejísimas restricciones económicas que caracterizaron el colonialismo español como un régimen autoritario y absolutista hasta sus últimos tiempos. España fue una metrópolis económicamente inepta que, cegada por sus fanatismos, destruyó su propia y activa burguesía, así la judaica e internacional como la católica y comunera, precisamente cuando nacía su imperio indiano, quedando sometida durante siglos, así ella como sus colonias, al dominador provecho de la banca extranjera, ora a los florentinos y genoveses, ora a los tudescos y flamencos y, al fin, a los mercaderes de London, Bristol y Liverpool. España fue incapaz de sostenerse en América cuando su política económica, secularmente esclavista y feudalesca, hubo que cesar por la abolición de la servidumbre y esta fue sucedida en el mundo occidental por una economía liberal de industrias y comercios competidores, a la cual España no se pudo incorporar.
José Antonio Saco, desde su cátedra y desde la Revista Bimestre Cubana, de la Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País, era en la tercera década del siglo XIX el mentor de la juventud liberal de Cuba. Era su guía y su esperanza; era, pues, un “hombre peligroso”. Por eso, apenas llegó a esta isla el Capitán General don Miguel Tacón, tan dado a las públicas obras como a las públicas corrupciones y a las públicas tiranías, Saco fue desterrado de Cuba. Fue proscrito por los temores que inspiraban en las autoridades su influjo en la juventud de Cuba, y a su “maldita manía de pensar”; por la intriga de un empingorotado clérigo, deán de la catedral habanera, a quien Saco estorbaba para su ensoberbecida politiquería personal; por la enemiga del Superintendente de Hacienda, don Claudio Martínez de Pinillos, Conde de Villanueva, a quien Saco le combatía su proyecto, al fin realizando, de contratar abusivamente el primer empréstito público de Cuba con el capitalismo extranjero; y sobre todo, por las campañas de Saco en pro de la supresión de la trata negrera a la cual se negaban los magnates de la gran colonia española, así sus nativos aristócratas terratenientes, que en sus plantaciones azucareras explotaban a los esclavos, como sus autoridades peninsulares, que fomentaban la trata ya ilícita, cohechados al precio del oro que cobraban porcada negro encadenado que del África se traía por los contrabandistas protegidos; y como los advenedizos mercaderes de Ultramar cuya principal fuente de medros indianos fue casi siempre el contrabando y el comercio intérlope con los filibusteros.